Social Problems and the Quality of Life / Edition 7

Social Problems and the Quality of Life / Edition 7

by Robert H. Lauer
     
 

ISBN-10: 0697244555

ISBN-13: 9780697244550

Pub. Date: 07/28/1997

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education

This book is organized around the theme of the quality of life. It seeks to define what a social problem is and then address specific issues: how can one gain a sociological understanding of social problems? ; what kinds of critical thinking should one engage in and what kinds should one avoid in order to attempt to understand problems? ; how is the quality of

Overview

This book is organized around the theme of the quality of life. It seeks to define what a social problem is and then address specific issues: how can one gain a sociological understanding of social problems? ; what kinds of critical thinking should one engage in and what kinds should one avoid in order to attempt to understand problems? ; how is the quality of one's life affected by particular problems? ; What causes these problems and how can we resolve them? In Part One,the author lays the groundwork by establishing key approaches to social problems. The remaining sections discuss the social problems which most acutely influence our lives,and examine each problem for its impact on the quality of our lives.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780697244550
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Publication date:
07/28/1997
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
720
Product dimensions:
8.27(w) x 9.45(h) x (d)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


Part One: Foundations

1. Understanding Social Problems

Objectives

"Why Is It My Fault?"

Introduction

Personal versus Social Problems

The Causes of Problems

The Consequences of Problems

A Model For Understanding

A Theory-Based Model

Quality of Life

Multiple Levels of Social Problems

Social Action for Resolution

The Changing Nature of Social Problems

Analyzing Social Problems

Critical Thinking: Recognizing Fallacies

Fallacy of the Dramatic Instance

Fallacy of Retrospective Determinism

Fallacy of Misplaced Concreteness

Fallacy of Personal Attack

Fallacy of Appeal to Prejudice

Fallacy of Circular Reasoning

Fallacy of Authority

Fallacy of Composition

Fallacy of Non Sequitur

Involvement--How, and How Not, To Think

Fallacies and the Mass Media

The Sources of Data: Social Research

Survey Research

Statistical Analysis of Official Records

Experiments

Participant Observation

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Excercises

For Further Reading


Part Two: Problems of Behavioral Deviance

2. Sexual Deviance

Objectives

"My Husband Is a Porn Addict"

Introduction

Examples of Sexual Deviance

Prostitution

Prostitution and the Quality of Life

Global Comparison: Child Prostitutes

Contributing Factors

Public Policy and Private Action

Pornography, Erotica, and Obscenity

Nature and Extent of the Problem

Pornography, Erotica, Obscenity and the Quality of Life

Involvement--Sexy or Disgusting?

Contributing Factors

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

3. Alcohol and Other Drugs

Objectives

Despair and Hope

Introduction

Alcohol

Effects

Patterns of Use

Alcohol and the Quality of Life

Global Comparison: Alcoholism in Eastern Europe

Involvement–"I'd Kill before I'd Drink"

Contributing Factors

Public Policy & Private Action

Other Drugs

Types and Effects

Patterns of Use

Drugs and the Quality of Life

Contributing Factors

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

4. Crime and Delinquency

Objectives

A Victim Recovers

Introduction

The Varieties of Crime

Predatory Crime

Illegal Service Crimes

Public Disorder Crimes

Crimes of Negligence

Computer Crime

White-Collar Crime

Organized Crime

Juvenile Delinquency

Juvenile Violence and Juvenile Gangs

The Extent of Crime and Delinquency

Sources of Data

Problems with Official Records

The Amount of Crime and Delinquency

The Distribution of Crime

The Criminal Justice Process

Crime, Delinquency, and the Quality of Life

Physical and Psychological Costs of Crime

Economic Costs of Crime

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Global Comparison: Alternatives to Imprisonment: Germany and Israel

Involvement--Coddling Criminals

Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

5. Violence

Objectives

"I Felt Guilty"

Introduction

What Is Violence?

How Much Violence Is There?

Interpersonal Violence

Intergroup Violence

Violence and the Quality of Life

Human Injury and Destruction

Psychological Disruption and Dehumanization

Violence as Seductive Self Destruction

Economic Costs

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Involvement: Violently Opposed to Violence

Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action

The Violence of Rape

Rape and the Quality of Life

Emotional and Physical Trauma

Physical Abuse

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Social Psychological Factors

Global Comparison: Attitudes of Turkish Students toward Rape

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading


Part Three: Problems of Inequality

6. Poverty

Objectives

"We Feel Like Deadbeats"

Introduction

What Is Poverty?

Extent of Poverty

Who Are the Poor?

The Changing Nature of Poverty

Poverty and the Quality of Life

The Right to Life and Happiness

Global Comparison: Poverty in the World System

The Right to Dignity as a Human Being

Poverty and Health

Involvement: From Riches to Rags

Dilemmas of Poverty

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

7. Gender and Sexual Orientation

Objectives

"I Didn't Need the Extra Hassles"

Introduction

Gender Inequality

Biology or Society?

Gender Inequality and the Quality of Life

Global Comparison: Occupational Sex Segregation in Developing Countries

Contributing Factors

Involvement: You Are What You Read

Public Policy and Private Action

Homosexuality and Homophobia

Homosexuality: Definitions and Numbers

Why Are Some People Homosexual?

Homosexuality and the Quality of Life

Contributing Factors

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

8. Race, Ethnic Groups, and Racism

Objectives

Will It Ever End?

Introduction

The Meaning of Race, Ethnic Groups, and Racism

Extent and Origin of Races and Racism in America

Racism in American History

Race, Ethnicity and the Quality of Life

The Rights of Citizenship

The Right to Equal Economic Opportunities

The Right to Life and Happiness

The Right to Dignity as a Human Being

Contributing Factors

Involvement: Becoming Color Blind

Social Structural Factors

Social Psychological Factors

Global Comparison: Prejudice in Europe

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading


Part Four: Problems of Social Institutions

9. Government and Politics

Objectives

"Why Isn't There Help for People Like Me?"

Introduction

Why Government?

Protect the Citizenry

Secure Order

Distribute Power Equitably

Provide a Safety Net

Problems of Government and Politics

Inequalities in Power

The Failure of Trust

Involvement: Why Don't People Trust the Government?

Waste, Corruption, and Scandals

Gridlock

Government, Politics, and the Quality of Life

Unequal Opportunities for a High Quality of Life

Inadequate Protection of Individual Rights

Lack of Responsiveness to Needs

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Global Comparison: Bureaucracy in Indonesia

Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

10. Work and the Economy

Objectives

"I'm Not a Worrier, But..."

The Economy, Work, and the Workforce in America

The Changing Economy

The Changing Workforce

The Changing Composition of the Labor Force

The Changing Meaning of Work

Work as a Social Problem

Unemployment and Underemployment

Dissatisfaction and Alienation

Work Hazards and Stress

Global Comparison: Unemployment Rates in Industrial Nations

Work and the Quality of Life

Work, Unemployment, and Health

Interpersonal Relationships

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Involvement: Fun and Games at Work

Social Psychological Factors

The Ideology and Reality of Work

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

Endnotes

11. Education

Objectives

"I Kept My Mouth Shut"

Introduction

Why Education?

Educational Attainment and Payoff

Levels of Attainment

Attainment and Payoff

Global Comparison: Educational Attainment, by Country

Education and the Quality of Life

Inequality of Opportunity and Attainment

The Atmosphere: Learning or Surviving?

The Payoff: A Great Training Robbery?

American Education: A Tide of Mediocrity?

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Involvement: What is the Purpose of Education?

Social Psychological Factors

A Concluding Note on the Inequality in Education

Public Policy and Private Action

Use of Vouchers

Quality Enhancement Measures

Reducing Racial and Ethinc Inequality

Compensatory and Other Innovative Programs

The Deschooling Movement

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

12. Family Problems

Objectives

"I Survived the Abuse"

Introduction

Is the Family Doomed?

Alternative Forms of the Family

The Changing American Family

Functions of the Family

The Extent of Family Problems

Disrupted and Reconstituted Families

Family Violence

Global Comparison: Marital Quality and Well-Being of Children

Family Problems and the Quality of Life

Physical and Emotional Difficulties

Poverty

Deviant Behavior

Maladjustment

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Social Psychological Factors

Involvement: One Big Happy Family

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

l3. Health Care and Illness: Physical and Mental

Objectives

"If You Want to Live a Long Life"

Introduction

Nature of the Problem: Health Care and Illness

Physical Illness

Global Comparison: The Worldwide Challenge of Infectious Diseases

Mental Illness

Involvement: Except Me and Thee?

Health Care, Illness, and the Quality of Life

Stress and Suffering

Interpersonal Relationships

Inadequate Care

Deinstitutionalization

Individual Freedom

Economic Costs

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action

Innovations in the Delivery of Health Care

Innovations in Treatment

Prevention

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading


Part Five: Global Social Problems

14. War and Terrorism

Objectives

"I Didn't Want to See It"

War, Civil War, and Terrorism

The New Face of War

Extent of the Problem

War, Terrorism and the Quality of Life

Human Destruction and Injury

Psychological Disruption and Dehumanization

Environmental Destruction

The Economic Costs

War, Terrorism, and Civil Liberties

Global Comparison: Militarism: "A World Gone Insane"

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Social Psychological Factors

Involvement: "What a Great War That Was"

Public Policy and Private Action

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

Endnotes

15. The Environment

Objectives

"We're Not Safe Here Anymore"

Introduction

The Ecosystem

Types of Environmental Problems

Environmental Pollution

Environmental Depletion

How Big Are Our Environmental Problems?

Environmental Pollution

Environmental Depletion

Global Comparison: World Energy Consumption and Production

Environmental Problems and the Quality of Life

The Environmental Threat to Life and Health

Threat to the Ecological Balance

The Economic Costs

Threat to World Peace

Contributing Factors

Social Structural Factors

Involvement: Nature Bats Last

Social Psychological Factors

Public Policy and Private Action

What Can Individiuals Do?

What Can Business and Industry Do?

What Can the Government Do?

Summary

Key Terms

Study Questions

Internet Resources/Exercises

For Further Reading

Glossary

References

Credits

Name Index

Subject Index

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