Social Stratification and Inequality / Edition 8

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The 8th edition of Social Stratification and Inequality continues to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date exploration of the economic and social divisions in human societies. Extensive comparative information, as well as an overview of how social stratification has changed and evolved over time, gives readers a global perspective on class conflict. Praised for its thorough research and scholarship, Social Stratification and Inequality includes current statistics and the latest trends in the field.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780078111655
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 1/25/2011
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 672
  • Sales rank: 77,294
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Harold R. Kerbo is a professor of sociology at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. Professor Kerbo is also the founder and Director of the Pacific Rim Group at Cal Poly, an organization which coordinates research and educational programs in Pacific Rim countries.

In addition to other teaching experience in Tokyo, Professor Kerbo was a Fulbright Professor during 1988/1989 at Hiroshima University, as well as a visiting professor in the Law Faculty at Hiroshima Shudo University. During 1991, Professor Kerbo was a visiting professor at the University of Duisburg, Germany, and returned to the Dusseldorf area during 1992 and 1993 as a research professor conducting research on employee relations in Japanese corporations located in Germany. In 1990 Professor Kerbo received a Fulbright-Hays grant to study at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand, and for several months during 1994 to 1996 directed a research project on employee relations in American and Japanese corporations with operations in Thailand. During 1996 he was also a visiting professor in the MBA Program at the Prince of Songkla University in Thailand. During the winter term of 1999 professor Kerbo was a visiting professor at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. And during the fall term of 1999 he will be a visiting professor at the University of Wales.

Professor Kerbo has published five books and numerous articles on the subjects of social stratification, comparative societies, corporate structure, and modern Japan. He is the author of Sociology: Social Structure and Social Conflict (MacMillan, 1989), and along with John A. McKinstry, the author of Who Rules Japan?: The Inner-Circles of Economic and Political Power (Greenwood/Praeger, 1995). Professor Kerbo is creator and general editor of the McGraw-Hill Comparative Societies Series which will include books on 12 countries.

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Table of Contents

Preface vi

Part 1 Introduction 1

Chapter 1 Perspectives and Concepts in the Study of Social Stratification 1

Michael 3

David 5

Definitions and Concepts 9

Social Stratification in the Modern World System 13

The Organization of Chapters 16

Summary 18

Chapter 2 Dimensions of Inequality in the United States 19

Income and Wealth Inequality 21

Inequality in Basic Necessities 39

Health Inequalities 40

Unequal Political Outputs 43

Dimensions of Inequality: A Conclusion 49

Summary 50

Chapter 3 Social Stratification in Human Societies: The History of Inequality 51

Varieties of Human Stratification Systems 54

The Emergence of Inequality and Social Stratification 63

The Reduction of Inequality with Industrial and Postindustrial Societies 76

Conclusion: The History of Inequality 79

Summary 81

Notes 81

Part II Explanations of Social Stratification: Stratification Theories 83

Chapter 4 Social Stratification Theory: Early Statements 83

Competing Paradigms in the Study of Social Stratification 85

The Marxian Heritage in Social Stratification: The Development of a Critical-Conflict Paradigm 90

Social Change 95

The Marxian View of Class 97

Max Weber: An Alternative Conflict Paradigm 100

An Uncritical-Order Paradigm Matures: The Functional Theory of Émile Durkheim 108

The Classical Period of Sociological Theory: A Summary 110

Summary 112

Notes 113

Chapter 5 Modern Theories of Social Stratification 116

Views of Social Stratification in America: Early Years 117

Functional Theories of Social Stratification 119

Conflict Theories of Social Stratification 130

The Bases of Class Stratification and Class Location 140

Theories of Social Stratification: A Conclusion 147

Summary 147

Note 148

Part III The American Class Structure 149

Chapter 6 The Upper Class 149

Locating the Upper Class 150

Upper-Class Dominance Today? 157

The Upper Class as a Governing Class 157

The Upper Class: A Conclusion 177

Summary 178

Chapter 7 The Corporate Class 179

The Upper Class as Ruling Class: A Critique 181

The Structure of Corporate Concentration: Foundation for a Corporate Class 183

Competing Capitalisms: A Conclusion 198

Summary 201

Chapter 8 The Middle and Working Classes 202

The Middle and Working Classes in the System of Social Stratification 205

The Middle Class and Working Class: Recent Historical Changes 207

Some Consequences of Class Position 214

Middle-Class and Working-Class Positions in the Structures of Economic and Political Power 226

Summaiy 236

Chapter 9 Poverty and the Political Economy of Welfare 237

A Brief History of Poverty in America 241

Counting the Poor 244

The Extent of Poverty in the United States 248

Theories of Poverty 254

Class Conflict and the Welfare State 267

Summary 280

Chapter 10 Gender Stratification and Inequalities: The Persistence of Ascription 282

Sex and Gender 285

Gender Inequalities 286

Educational Attainment and Gender 295

A History of Gender Stratification 299

Theories of Gender Stratification 302

Class Effects on Gender Income Inequality 306

Summary 310

Chapter 11 Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity: The Persistence of Ascription 311

Race and Ethnicity: Some Definitions 314

The Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity 315

A History of Race and Ethnic Stratification 327

Global Immigration: A Comparative View of the New Dimensions of Global Race and Ethnic Conflicts 333

Theoretical Explanations of Race and Ethnic Inequalities 339

Summary 345

Part IV The Process of Social Stratification 347

Chapter 12 Social Mobility: Class Ascription and Achievement 347

Social Mobility 350

The Attainment Process 372

Summary 390

Chapter 13 The Process of Legitimation 392

The Microprocess of Legitimation 396

The Macroprocess of Legitimation: Building Support for Specific Forms of Inequality 407

Summary 421

Part V Social Stratification beyond the United States 423

Chapter 14 The World Stratification System: Dominance and Competition among Core Nations 423

Characteristics of the World Stratification System 428

Development of the Modern World System 432

A Brief History of Core Conflict and Hegemony 433

American Inequality and the Future of Core Conflict 440

Capitalist Models and Core Competition in the 21st Century 441

Summary 443

Chapter 15 Social Stratification in Japan and Germany: Contrasting Forms of Political Economy 444

Ranking In Japan: Some Preliminary Observations 445

The Structural Bases of Social Stratification in Japan 449

Japan's Power Elite 457

Social Stratification in Germany: Some Similarities-and Key Differences 461

German Workers and Codetermination Laws 466

Variation in Modern Systems of Social Stratification: A Conclusion 471

Summary 472

Chapter 16 World Stratification and Globalization: The Poor of This Earth 473

The Extent of World Poverty 475

The World System and Economic Development in Periphery Nations: Why Some of the World's Poor Remain Poor 488

Global Corporations Can Do Harm: Some Evidence 493

World System Effects on Noncore Stratification Systems 496

The Characteristics of East and Southeast Asian Nations: The Exceptions behind the Asian Economic Miracles 503

Asian Traditions and Forms of Social Organization: Some Commonalities 505

The Case of Thailand 510

The World Stratification System: A Conclusion and Perspective on the Future 517

Summary 519

Glossary G-1

Reference R-1

Name Index I-1

Subject Index I-00

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