Social Stratification and Inequality: Class Conflict in Historical, Comparative, and Global Perspective / Edition 7

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Overview

Praised for its thorough research and scholarship, Social Stratification and Inequality provides a comprehensive, up-to-date exploration of the global economic and social divisions in human societies. While the book is grounded in the nature of social stratification in the United States, this edition maintains a commitment to keeping a global perspective. Comparative information on the United States and other countries and an overview of changes in social stratification, gives readers a global perspective on class conflict.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780073380070
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Companies,Inc.
  • Publication date: 3/10/2008
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 7
  • Pages: 744
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Harold R. Kerbo is a professor of sociology at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. Professor Kerbo is also the founder and Director of the Pacific Rim Group at Cal Poly, an organization which coordinates research and educational programs in Pacific Rim countries.

In addition to other teaching experience in Tokyo, Professor Kerbo was a Fulbright Professor during 1988/1989 at Hiroshima University, as well as a visiting professor in the Law Faculty at Hiroshima Shudo University. During 1991, Professor Kerbo was a visiting professor at the University of Duisburg, Germany, and returned to the Dusseldorf area during 1992 and 1993 as a research professor conducting research on employee relations in Japanese corporations located in Germany. In 1990 Professor Kerbo received a Fulbright-Hays grant to study at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand, and for several months during 1994 to 1996 directed a research project on employee relations in American and Japanese corporations with operations in Thailand. During 1996 he was also a visiting professor in the MBA Program at the Prince of Songkla University in Thailand. During the winter term of 1999 professor Kerbo was a visiting professor at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. And during the fall term of 1999 he will be a visiting professor at the University of Wales.

Professor Kerbo has published five books and numerous articles on the subjects of social stratification, comparative societies, corporate structure, and modern Japan. He is the author of Sociology: Social Structure and Social Conflict (MacMillan, 1989), and along with John A. McKinstry, the author of Who Rules Japan?: The Inner-Circles of Economic and Political Power (Greenwood/Praeger, 1995). Professor Kerbo is creator and general editor of the McGraw-Hill Comparative Societies Series which will include books on 12 countries.

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Table of Contents

PART ONE: INTRODUCTION

Chapter 1: Perspectives and Concepts in the Study of Social Stratification
Michael
David
Definitions and Concepts
Social Stratification and Inequality
Class Divisions and Social Mobility
Social Stratification in the Modern World System
The Organization of Chapters
Summary

Chapter 2: Dimensions of Inequality in the United States
Income and Wealth Inequality
Income Inequality
Wealth Inequality
Inequality in Basic Necessities
Health Inequalities
Unequal Political Outputs
Taxes
Government Services
Dimensions of Inequality: A Conclusion
Summary
Note

Chapter 3: Social Stratification in Human Societies: The History of Inequality
Varieties of Human Stratification Systems
Primitive Communal Societies
Slavery
Caste
Estate
Class
The Emergence of Inequality and Social Stratification
Early Human Groups
The Neolithic Revolution
Early Agrarian Empires
Late Agrarian Societies
The Fall of Feudalism and the Rise of Industrial Societies
The Reduction of Inequality with Industrial and Post-Industrial Societies
Conclusion: The History of Inequality
Summary
Notes
PART TWO: EXPLANATIONS OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION: STRATIFICATION THEORIES

Chapter 4: Social Stratification Theory: Early Statements
Competing Paradigms in the Study of Social Stratification
The Marxian Heritage in Social Stratification: The Development of a Critical-Conflict Paradigm
On Understanding Marx
Basic Foundations of Marxian Theory
Concluding Notes
Max Weber: An Alternative Conflict Paradigm
Weber’s Paradigm Assumptions
Multidimensional View of Stratification
The Rise of Bureaucratic Dominance
An Uncritical-Order Paradigm Matures: The Functional Theory of Emile Durkheim
The Division of Labor and Organic Solidarity
The Place of Class and Class Conflict in Durkheim’s Perspective
The Classical Period of Sociological Theory: A Summary
Summary
Notes

Chapter 5: Modern Theories of Social Stratification
Views of Social Stratification in America: Early Years
Functional Theories of Social Stratification
The Davis and Moore Theory
Parsons’ Functional Theory of Social Stratification
Studies of Occupational Prestige
Conflict Theories of Social Stratification
Modern Marxian Theory
Power Conflict Theories
Modern World System Theory
The Bases of Class Stratification and Class Location
Occupational Structure
The Convergence of Occupation, Power, and Property on Class Stratification
A Note on Sociobiology

Theories of Social Stratification: A Conclusion

Summary

Notes
PART THREE: THE AMERICAN CLASS STRUCTURE

Chapter 6: The Upper Class
Locating the Upper Class
Upper-Class Dominance Today?
The Upper Class as a Governing Class
Upper-Class Economic Power
Upper-Class Political Power
The Upper-Class: A Conclusion

Summary

Notes

Chapter 7: The Corporate Class
The Upper Class as Ruling Class: A Critique
The Structure of Corporate Concentration: Foundation for a Corporate Class
Corporate Size and Concentration
Concentration of Stock Control
Interlocking Directorates and Economic Concentration
The Globalization of Corporate Power
The Inner Group of the Corporate Class
The Concentration of Economic and Political Power: So What?
Functional Elite Theory
Critical Elite Theory
The Pluralist Response
The Corporate Class: Conclusion

Summary

Chapter 8: The Middle and Working Classes
The Middle and Working Classes in the System of Social Stratification
The Middle Class and Working Class: Recent Historical Changes
The New Middle Class
Stability and Change in the Working Class

The Changing Occupation Structure: The Shrinking Middle

Some Consequences of Class Position
Income Distribution by Class
Conditions of Work
Class Subcultures and Lifestyles
Middle-Class and Working-Class Positions in the Structures of Economic and Political Power
Labor Unions
Middle-Class and Working-Class Political Influence

Summary

Chapter 9: Poverty and the Political Economy of Welfare

A Brief History of Poverty in America

Counting the Poor
The Extent of Poverty in the United States
Changes in the Rate of Poverty
Movement Into and Out of Poverty
The Distribution of Poverty
The New Poverty After the Economic Boom
Theories of Poverty
Blaming the Poor
Four Categories of Poverty Theories
Blaming the Poor: Social Darwinism
A Culture of Poverty?
The Situational View of Poverty
A Structural View of Poverty
Class Conflict and the Welfare State
Welfare in the United States
A Cross-National Perspective on Welfare
The Welfare State as Conflict Management and the Lower
Class in the Power Structure
Class Conflict and the Welfare State: A Conclusion
Summary

Chapter 10: Gender Stratification and Inequalities:The Persistence of Ascription

Sex and Gender
Gender Inequalities
Gender and Work

Labor Force Participation and Income Inequalities by Gender

Occupational Segregation and Income

Political Authority
Educational Attainment and Gender

Gender Inequality in Global Perspective

Labor Force Participation and Occupational Distribution

Women in the Global Factory

Gender and Education in Global Perspective

Women and Politics
A History of Gender Stratification
Theories of Gender Stratification
Structural Functional Theories
Conflict Theories
Class Effects on Gender Income Inequality

Chapter 11: Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity:The Persistence of Ascription
Race and Ethnicity: Some Definitions
The Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity
Race and Ethnic Income Inequalities
Educational Inequalities
A History of Race and Ethnic Stratification
Race and Ethnic Inequalities in American History
Global Immigration:A Comparative View of the New Dimensions of Global Race and Ethnic Conflicts
Theoretical Explanations of Race and Ethnic Inequalities
Class Effects on Race and Ethnic Income Inequality
Summary
PART FOUR: THE PROCESS OF SOCIAL STRATIFICATION

Chapter 12: Social Mobility: Class Ascription and Achievement
Social Mobility
Social Mobility in the United States
Social Mobility: Historical and Comparative
Social Mobility: A Conclusion
The Attainment Process
Status Attainment Models
Education as Mediating Structure
The Conflict perspective: A Critique and Reinterpretation of Status Attainment Research
The Conflict View of Attainment: A Conclusion
Summary

Chapter 13: The Process of Legitimation
The Microprocess of Legitimation
Norms of Distributive Justice
The Socialization Process and Self-Evaluation
The Effects of Individualism and Equality of Opportunity
The Basis of Legitimation: A Summary
The Macroprocess of Legitimation: Building Support for Specific Forms of Inequality
The Legitimation Function of Education
The Legitimation Function of the Mass Media
Opinion-Influencing Organizations
The Macro Legitimation Process

Summary
PART FIVE: SOCIAL STRATIFICATION BEYOND THE UNITED STATES

Chapter 14: The World Stratification System:Dominance and Competition Among Core Nations
Characteristics of the World Stratification System
Development of the Modern World System
A Brief History of Core Conflict and Hegemony
American Inequality and the Future of Core Conflict
Capitalist Models and Core Competition in the 21st Century

The Global Corporate Class
Summary

Chapter 15: Social Stratification in Japan
Ranking in Japan: Some Introductory Observations
A History of Social Stratification in Japan
Occupation Reforms and the Rise of Modern Japan
The Structural Bases of Social Stratification in Japan
Occupational Structure
Bureaucratic Authority Structures
Property Structure
Japan’s Power Elite
The Bureaucratic Elite
The Political Elite
Japanese Elite Unity
Mass Society
Achievement and Ascription in Modern Japan
Race, Ethnic, and Sex Discrimination in Japan
Social Mobility and Status Attainment in Japan
Inequality and Status Ranking in Japan
Class, Status, and Power in Japan
Income Inequality in Japan: Some Causes
Core Competition in the 21st Century: Whither Japan

Summary

Notes

Chapter 16: Social Stratification in Germany
A Brief History of the German Political Economy
The Rise of Nationalism
Postwar Reconstruction
Reduced Inequality
Social Stratification in Germany: Some Basic Similarities, and a Few Differences
Structures of Social Stratification: Occupation, Authority, and Property
Social Mobility and Status Attainment
Education and Class
Gender Inequalities
Race and Ethnic Conflicts
Poverty
Corporate and Bureaucratic Elites
German Corporate Structure
The Bureaucratic and Political Elite
Elite Unity
German Workers and Codetermination Laws
A History of German Labor Laws
Labor Power and the Benefits of the Codetermination Laws
Conclusion

Summary

Notes

Chapter 17: World Stratification and Globalization: The Poor of This Earth

The Extent of World Poverty
Poverty in World Regions
The World System and Economic Development in Periphery Nations:Why Some of the World's Poor Remain Poor

Barriers to Economic Development and Poverty Reduction

Global Corporations Can Do Harm:Some Evidence

Methodological Considerations
World System Effects on Noncore Stratification Systems

The Characteristics of East and Southeast Asian Nations: The Exceptions behind the Asian Economic Miracles
Asian Traditions and Forms of Social Organization:Some Commonalities

The Case of Thailand
The World Class Stratification System:A Conclusion and Perspective on the Future

Summary
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