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Social Stratification And Socioeconomic Inequality

Overview

This is the first book devoted exclusively to the study of social stratification from a biosocial perspective. The biosocial perspective explicitly assumes that both biological and social environmental factors are important for explaining behavior, including behavior surrounding the formation of hierarchies and unequal distribution of resources. In a variety of ways the contributors to this volume address the issue of how biological factors may interact with social experiences ...

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Overview

This is the first book devoted exclusively to the study of social stratification from a biosocial perspective. The biosocial perspective explicitly assumes that both biological and social environmental factors are important for explaining behavior, including behavior surrounding the formation of hierarchies and unequal distribution of resources. In a variety of ways the contributors to this volume address the issue of how biological factors may interact with social experiences to affect social stratification.

Chapters 1 and 2 present a detailed review of the issues surrounding how social stratification is defined and subdivided. Chapter 3 takes the reader back to the first six civilizations that evolved on earth and provides a historical picture of social stratification, which served the reproductive interests of a small proportion of males who wielded great political and economic power. In Chapter 4, the nature of social stratification in traditional Arab cultures is explored, and the author hypothesizes why different types of stratification systems may have evolved throughout the world. In Chapter 5, the authors provide evidence that genetics are among the factors that contribute to variations in income and wealth. Chapter 6 provides suggestions about how group differences in social stratification may have evolved. The authors contend that sexual selection may be at the heart of the evolution of social stratification, and present a theory as to how it may have happened. Chapter 7 also focuses upon sex as a central variable in social stratification, specifically, how sex hormones alter brain functioning and how these alterations underlie many of the tendencies that men and women have to gravitate toward different types of occupations. In Chapter 8, a general theory of social stratification is presented. It is offered as a specific alternative to the two strictly environmental theories that dominate: functionalist and conflict theories.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

An excellent collection of original essays….Must reading for all students of human behavior.

-

European Sociological Society

Booknews
The two volumes that comprise this work are organized around the common theme that both biological and social factors are important for understanding social stratification (and human social inequality). Volume 1 focuses on macroaspects of social stratification. All of the contributors address the issue of how biological factors may impact tendencies to learn from social experiences. Many of them also attempt to specify how social environmental factors, in turn, impact biological phenomena. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780275932626
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 1/30/1993
  • Pages: 258
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.63 (d)

Meet the Author

LEE ELLIS is Professor of Sociology at Minot State University in North Dakota.

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Table of Contents

Foreword by Lionel Tiger

Preface

Conceptually Defining Social Stratification in Human and Nonhuman Animals by Lee Ellis

Operationally Defining Social Stratification in Human and Nonhuman Animals by Lee Ellis

Sex, Succession, and Stratification in the First Six Civilizations: How Powerful Men Reproduced, Passed Power on to Their Sons, and Used Power to Defend Their Wealth, Women, and Children by Laura Betzig

Social Status and Values in Traditional Arab Culture by Glenn E. Weisfeld

Intergenerational Links in Earnings, Income, and Wealth in the United States: Evidence for the Contribution of Genetic Factors by Jere R. Behrman and Paul Taubman

Sexual Selection and the Sexual and Ethnic Basis of Social Hierarchies by Felicia Pratto, Jim Sidanius, and Lisa M. Stallworth

Sex Differences in Human Stratification: A Biosocial Perspective by Katharine Blick Hoyenga

A Biosocial Theory of Social Stratification: An Alternative to Functional Theory and Conflict Theory by Lee Ellis

References

Index

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