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Social Work and Social Welfare: An Introduction

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Overview

With its focus on “demonstrated competency,” Social Work and Social Welfare: An Introduction provides an additional rationale and theme illustrating how social work and social welfare require collaborative efforts in advancing social and economic well-being.). As a historically collaborative profession across broader societal institutions (business and government), students new to social work will be able to learn what social workers do and how their work relates to other professions such as sociology, psychology, human services, and counseling.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205502295
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 10/8/2010
  • Series: Connecting Core Competencies Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 456
  • Sales rank: 657,693
  • Product dimensions: 7.90 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Jerry Marx, PhD, MSW, is a tenured, Associate Professor in the Department of Social Work at the University of New Hampshire, where he teaches in the undergraduate and graduate programs. In 2003, he received the Teaching Excellence Award from the U.N.H. College of Health and Human Services. Jerry's research interests are community and administrative practice. His articles have appeared in Social Work, Administration In Social Work, the Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, Nonprofit Management & Leadership, and the Journal of Technology in Human Services. His scholarship resulted in a college research award in 1999 and an invitation to the first White House Conference on Philanthropy in 1999. His first book is Social Welfare: The American Partnership, published with Allyn & Bacon.

Jerry serves on the Editorial Boards of the Journal of Community Practice, Journal of Evidence-based Practice, Social Work in Public Health and as a Reviewer for the Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Quarterly.

Jerry received his Ph.D. from Boston College in 1994 and his MSW from Boston College in 1984. Before earning his Ph.D., he served as Executive Director of a private nonprofit human service agency in Portland, Maine for eight years.

Fleur A. Hopper, MSW, is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the State of Maine. She earned her Bachelor’s of Arts in Women’s Studies from Colby College and her Master’s of Social Work from the Boston College Graduate School of Social Work. Fleur has worked with children, adolescents, young adults and families in a variety of clinical social work settings, including residential treatment, public schools, college counseling and private practice. She has also worked in macro social work settings including nonprofit organizations and state government.

David Worster earned a Bachelor of Science in Education degree from Keene (NH) State College in 1973 and a Master of Social Work degree from University of Connecticut in 1983. Following graduation, David worked as a Senior Psychiatric Social Worker with developmentally disabled adults and was Director of Staff Development for NH Hospital. Since 1989, David has been the Director of Concord (NH) Hospital’s EAP. David is a member of the Academy of Clinical Social Workers (ACSW), a Licensed Independent Clinical Social Worker in New Hampshire and South Carolina and a Certified Employee Assistance Professional (CEAP).

David has served as an Adjunct Instructor for the UNH Department of Social Work since 1987 developing a specialty in teaching introductory social work classes. He was awarded a President’s Steward Award for teaching excellence in 2007. Among his contributions to the literature have been articles on rural social work, diversity in the workplace, down-sizing and the rising cost of healthcare.

David has served in numerous leadership roles with NH Chapter – NASW over the years. He was elected to the Board of Directors of the International Employee Assistance Professionals Association (EAPA) in 1998 and is currently serving as that Association’s President.

Anne Broussard, Ph.D., MSW, is associate professor and department chair-elect of Social Work at the University of New Hampshire. She is the Principal Investigator for the Title IV-E Child Welfare Educational Partnership between the New Hampshire Department of Children, Youth and Families and the University. Dr. Broussard has chaired the Sociology and Social Welfare Division for the Society for the Study of Social Problems and currently serves on the editorial boards of The Journal of Poverty, The Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics and the Marriage and Family Review. Her research, which focuses on structural inequities in schools and in the health care system that put some families and children at risk, has appeared in a number of scholarly journals including Children and Schools, Equity and Excellence in Education, Health and Social Work, Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, and Social Work in Health Care. In 2008, she published Families in Diverse Contexts (New York: Routledge) with Alfred Joseph. Dr. Broussard earned her BA degree from the University of Texas and her MSW from Louisiana State University. She completed her Ph.D. in Sociology at Washington State University in 1986.

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Table of Contents

Contents

Preface

1. Social Work as a Profession

A Profession Defined

Would you enjoy a career in Social Work?

Social Work Defined

Core Competency: Human Rights and Justice

Social Work in Relation to Social Welfare

Possible Careers in Social Work

Social Work with Individuals

Social Work with Families

Social Work with Groups

Social Work with Communities

Social Workers in Administration

Social Workers in Policy Practice

Core Competency: Policy Practice

Social Workers in Research

Social Work in Relation to Other Professions

Social Work: A Values-based Profession

Values

Core Competency: Professional Identity

Ethics

Competence in Relation to Diversity and Individual Dignity

Core Competency: Diversity in Practice

Social Justice and Human Rights

Strengths and Empowerment

Baccalaureate Social Work Education

The Future of Social Work

Chapter Summary

PRACTICE TEST

MySocialWorkLab

2. T heoretical and Conceptual Models of Social Work

The Complexity of Social Work Theory and Practice

Human Behavior and the Social Environment

Multidimensional View: The Biopsychosocial Model of HBSE

Biological Domain

Psychological Domain

Core Competency: Human Behavior

Social Domain

Core Competency: Diversity in Practice

Expanding Our Perspective: The Spiritual and Physical Domains

Core Competency: Practice Contexts

Systems Theory and Social Work Practice

The Strengths Perspective in Social Work Practice

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

3. Basic Concepts in Social Welfare

Social Welfare: A Conceptualization

Core Competency: Human rights and Justice

Ideological Input

Economic Institutions

Core Competency: Practice Contexts

Political Institutions

Core Competency: Policy Practice

Social Institutions

Outcome: Societal Well-Being

Core Competency: Critical Thinking

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

4. Generalist Social Work Practice

Roles and Functions of Social Work

Core Competency: Diversity in Practice

The Nature of Helping Relationships

Core Competency: Professional Identity

Diversity and Cultural Competency

Core Competency: Ethical Practice

Engagement

Data Collection and Assessment

Core Competency: Research Based Practice

Family Assessments

Group Assessments

Organization and Community Assessment

Planning and Contracting

Intervention in Generalist Social Work

Generalist Social Work with Individuals

Generalist Social Work with Families

Generalist Social Work with Groups

Generalist Social Work with Organizations and Communities

Termination

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

5. Social Work and Social Justice: Diversity, Difference, and Oppression

Chapter Outline

Human Difference and Diversity

Core Competency: Critical Thinking

Diverse Peoples of the United States

Major Social Groups in the United States

Core Competency: Diversity in Practice

Core Competency: Human Rights and Justice

Organizing Principals of Diversity and Difference in Society

Social Groups

Inequality: Discrimination and Prejudice

Inequality: Domination and Subordination

Identity

Core Competency: Practice Contexts

Oppression, Power and Privilege

The Lived Experience of Oppression: “The isms”

Racism

Ethnocentrism

Xenophobia

Classism

Sexism

Homophobia and Heterosexism

Ableism

Social Work and Social Justice

Empowering Practices: Social Justice in Action

Practice Focus: Strengths-Based Practice

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

6: History of Social Work and Social Welfare

The Beginnings of a U.S. Social Welfare System

Caring for the Poor: Poverty and the Workhouse

The Central Role of Organized Religion and The First Amendment

The Influence of American philanthropy

Industrialization of America

The Poor Laborer

The Antipauper Movement

The Growth of Private Nonprofit Agencies for the Poor

The Development of Charity Organization Societies

Core Competency: Professional Identity

The Progressive Era

Core Competency: Human Behavior

The Social Advocacy of Women and the Settlement Houses

Business Charitable Contributions: The Growth of Community Chests and

Service Clubs

The Great Depression and Creation of a National Social Welfare System

The Great Depression

The New Deal

The Role of Social Work in the New Deal

Successes and Failures of the New Deal

Core Competency: Ethical Practice

Lyndon B. Johnson and the Great Society

The Great Society

Nixon and the Federal Social Welfare Partnership

The Women’s Movement

Impact of the Civil Rights and Women’s Movements on Professional Social Work

Core Competency: Insert Margin Note 6.4

Reagan and New Federalism

The First President Bush: George H.W. Bush

Bill Clinton and Welfare Reform

Developments in Social Work

Social Welfare Developments: 2000-Present

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

7: Poverty and Social Welfare

Introduction to Poverty

Definition and Causes of Poverty

Defining and Measuring Poverty

Federal Poverty Thresholds and Guidelines

Current Federal Poverty Thresholds: Problems and Alternatives

Core Competency: Social Policy

Who are the Poor?

Demographic Trends in Poverty

Causes of Poverty

Economic System Factors: Work, Income, and the Labor Market

Education and “Human Capital”

Oppression and Discrimination

Core Competency: Human Rights

The Impact of Changing Family Structures

Core Competency: Critical Thinking

The “Culture of Poverty”

Publicly Funded Services to the Poor

Social Insurance Programs

Unemployment Insurance

Workers’ Compensation

Public Assistance Programs

Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)

Core Competency: Practice Contexts

Supplemental Security Income

General Assistance

Current Issues in Public Assistance: A Critical Analysis of Welfare Reform

Food and Shelter Programs

Food Stamps

The Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC)

Public Housing and Section 8 Housing Assistance Contributions of Business and the Private Nonprofit Sector to Housing

Current Shelter Issues: The Homeless

Other Publicly Funded Programs in American Social Welfare

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

8: Health, Healthcare and Medical Social Work

Social Workers in the Healthcare Profession

Major Health Problems

Heart Disease

Cancer

Obesity

Asthma

AIDS

Socioeconomic Aspects of Illness

Health Services

Medicare and Medicaid

Private Insurance and Managed Care

Problems in the Healthcare System

Problems with Managed Care

Uninsured and Underinsured

Why Don’t People Have Health Insurance?

The Un-Covered Middle Class

Prescription Drugs

Core Competency: Policy Practice Innovations and Proposed Solutions

Core Competency: Human Rights and Justice

Policy Proposal: National Healthcare System

Social Work in a Medical Setting

Hospital Social Work

Community Health Clinics

Hospice

Health Promotion and Prevention

Core Competency: Human Behavior

Inter-professional Collaboration: Social Work and Healthcare Professionals

Core Competency: Engage, Assess, Intervene, Evaluate

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

9: Emotional and Behavioral Problems and Social Work Treatment

Mental Health in the United States

Mental Health and “Illness”: Conceptualizations of Mental Disorder

The Medical Model

Developmental Models

Sociological Theories and the “Myth of Mental Illness”

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)

Core Competency: Critical Thinking

Mental Disorders

Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence

Delirium, Dementia, Amnesic, and Other Cognitive Disorders

Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders

Mood disorders

Anxiety Disorders

Sexual and Gender Identity Disorders

Eating Disorders

Personality Disorders

Culture-Bound Syndromes

Core Competency: Diversity

Social Work and Mental Health Services

Micro Practice: Services to Individuals

Mezzo Practice: Practice with Groups and Families

Core Competency: Practice Contexts

Macro Practice: Policy, Administration, and Advocacy

Practice Settings

Core Competency: Ethics

Challenges and Trends in Mental Health and Social Work Practice

Racial Disparities in Mental Health Care

Managed Care

Evidence-Based Treatment

Focus on Collaboration: Assertive Community Treatment (ACT)

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

10: Children, Youth, Family Problems and Services

Families in the United States: Decades of Change

Demographic Changes in the Family

Changes In Functions of the Family

Diverse Family Forms

Core Competency: Diversity in Practice

Monica McGoldrick and the Family Life Cycle

Core Competency: Human Behavior

Major Challenges Facing Children, Youth and Families

Divorce, Single Parent Families and Blended Families

Single Parent Families

Core Competency: Human Rights and Justice

Blended Families

Family Violence

Core Competency: Practice Contexts

Partner Abuse

Sexual Violence

Child Abuse and Neglect

Types of Abuse

Child Sexual Abuse and Incest

The Family (Un)friendly Workplace

Major Services to Children, Youth and Families

Child Welfare and Child Protection

Family Intervention

Out of Home Placements and Foster Care

The Removal vs. Reunification Debate

Adoption Services

Parenting Support Services and Education

Self-Help: Parents Anonymous

Adolescent Pregnancy and Parenting

Family Planning Services

Family Violence Services

Services to Survivors

Services to Batterers

Services to Families in an Educational Setting

Head Start and Early Head Start

School Social Work

Alternative Education Programs

Child, Couple and Family Therapy

Therapeutic Work With Children: Play Therapy

Couples Counseling, Marital Therapy and Family Therapy

Child Abuse and Family Violence Prevention

Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

11: Physical and Developmental Disabilities

Defining Disability

Physical Disabilities

Core Competency: Diversity in Practice

Developmental Disabilities

Core Competency: Human Rights and Justice

Core Competency: Professional Identity

Cognitive Disabilities

Disabling Illness: Stroke, ALS

Social Response to Individuals with Disabilities

Historical Perspective

Current trends

Major Services to Individuals with Disabilities

Publicly Funded Services

Rehabilitation and Vocational Services

Residential Services

In-home Services

Special Education

Core Competency: Practice Contexts

Inter-professional Collaboration: Social Workers and Occupational Therapists,

Physical Therapists, Speech Therapists

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

12: Substance Abuse and Social Work

Substance Use and Abuse Defined

What is Substance Abuse?

Current Issues in Substance Use and Abuse

Preventing Youth Smoking

Youth, Drugs, and Alcohol

Core Competency: Policy Practice

The Debate Over the Legalization of Marijuana

Crystal Methamphetamine Abuse: An Emerging National Epidemic?

Status of the Federal “War on Drugs”

Models of Addiction

The Biopsychosocial Model of Addiction

Sociocultural Models of Addiction

Psychological Models of Addiction

The Disease Model

Core Competency: Critical Thinking

Substance Abuse Intervention

Self-Help: Twelve Step Support Groups

Professional Treatment Programs and Services

Treatment Facilities

Core Competency: Engagement, Assessment, Intervention, Evaluate

Needle Exchange Programs

Drug Courts

Future Challenges in Drug Treatment: Dual Diagnosis

Substance Abuse Prevention

Core Competency: Critical Thinking

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

13: Crime and Social Work Intervention

Defining Crime

Categories of Criminal Behavior

Theories of Crime and Criminal Behavior

Trends in Crime and Incarceration

Racism, Crime and Incarceration

The Adult Criminal Justice System: Law Enforcement, the Courts, Corrections

Law Enforcement

The Courts

Corrections

Youth Offenders and Juvenile Crime

Juvenile Justice System

Juvenile and Family Court

Recent Developments and Trends

Prevention and Diversion Programs

Restorative Justice

Girls and Juvenile Justice

Social Work and Criminal Justice

Correctional Social Workers and Services to Inmates

Post-Release and Rehabilitation Services

Probation and Parole

Criminal Justice Reform

Crime Prevention

Reducing Recidivism

Crime Prevention Programs

Inter-professional Collaboration

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

14: Aging and Gerontological Social Work

Who are Older Americans?

Young-Old, Old-Old, and Oldest-Old

The Graying of America

Social and Economic Challenges

Ageism

Declines in Private Pensions

Health Care and Prescription Drugs

Transportation Alternatives

Remaining at Home

Elder Abuse

Lifecycle Challenges

Loss and Grief

Death and Dying

Finding Meaning In Later Life

Services to the Older Americans

Social Security

Medicare

In-Home Care and Assistance Services

Residential Care and Assisted-Living

Senior Centers

Hospice Care

Advocacy and Collaboration for Older Americans

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

15: Globalization and International Social Work

The Global Economy

Globalization Defined

A Brief History of Globalization

The Political Foundation of Globalization

Positive Aspects of Globalization

China and Globalization

The Negative Aspects of Globalization

The Clash of Civilizations

Unemployment and Economic Inequality

Case Study: Wal-Mart and the Power of Global Corporations

Loss of Cultural Identity

Loss of Indigenous Economies

Loss of Corporate Social Accountability

The Weakening of Democracy

The Future: Collaboration and International Social work

International Social Work and The Importance of Social Work Values

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

16. Social Work, Policy, and Advocacy

Social Workers Engaged in Policy Practice

Various Approaches to Problem Definition

The Social Worker as Advocate

Social and Economic Justice

Diversity, Oppression, and Human Rights

Stakeholders, Collaboration, and Political Strategy

Policy Research

Major Stakeholders

The Strengths Perspective and Policy Advocacy

Policy Windows of Opportunity

Collaboration and Political Strategy in Policy Advocacy

Social Workers and Policy Debate

Internet Advocacy

Social Workers and Advocacy Success

Chapter Summary

Practice Test

MySocialWorkLab

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