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More About This Textbook

Overview

Social Work, Social Welfare and American Society provides students with a political perspective on social welfare with definitions of liberal, conservative, and radical positions - in order to help them better appreciate the political context of social welfare programs.

Each chapter reflects and integrates the core competencies in the 2008 Educational Policy and Accreditation Standards (EPAS) set by the Council on Social Work Education (CSWE). End-of-chapter assessment reinforces this integration, and MySocialWorkLab.com activities support the mastery of CSWE's core competencies.

This popular introductory text is written by two of the best-known authors in social work and social welfare. The Eighth Edition continues to examine the values, ethics, and knowledge needed by social workers, as well as exploring social workers' current roles in social welfare programs. A key strength of this text is its strong coverage of the history of social welfare movements. It allows students to place welfare developments in an historical context.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780205842575
  • Publisher: Pearson
  • Publication date: 12/2/2010
  • Edition number: 8
  • Pages: 656
  • Sales rank: 1,462,852
  • Product dimensions: 7.80 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1

Competing Perspectives on Social Welfare

Political Perspectives and Social Welfare

The Worldview of Conservatives, Liberals, and Radicals

Attitudes toward Change

Views of Human Nature

Views of Individual Behavior

Views of the Family

Views of the Social System

Views of Government and the Economic System

Political Perspectives in the Real World

Political Perspectives and Social Work Values

The Authors’ Perspective

Chapter 2

Social Welfare: Basic Concepts

Stigma and Social Welfare

Social Exclusion and Social Welfare

Descriptive Definitions of Social Welfare

Social Welfare as Nonmarket Economic Transfers

Social Welfare as Services to Meet Basic Needs

A Functional Definition of Social Welfare

Social Structure

Status and Role

Social Institutions

Family and Kinship

Government and Politics

Economics

Religion

Education

Dependence, Interdependence, and the Social Welfare Institution

Dependency and Opportunity

Institutional and Residual Conceptions of Social Welfare

Is the United States a Welfare State

A Classification of Social Welfare Services

Perspectives on Social Welfare

The Conservative Perspective

Noblesse Oblige

Enlightened Self-Interest

The Liberal Perspective

The Radical Perspective

Summary

Conclusion

Chapter 3

Social Work as a Profession

Social Work and Professionalism

Social Work’s Historical Development

State Charitable Institutions

The Charity Organization Society

The Social Settlement

A Closer Look Josephine Shaw Lowell:

Leader in the Charity Organization Society

A Closer Look Mary Richmond: Pioneer in Social Casework

Social Work Destinations Hull House

A Closer Look Lillian Wald, Graham

Taylor and Lugenia Burns Hope: Three

Settlement Leaders

A Closer Look Grace Abbott, Edith

Abbott and Sophonisba Breckinridge:

Partners in Social Change and Development of a Profession

Growth of a Profession

Diversity and Unification

A Closer Look George Haynes: Social Work

Education and the National Urban League

The Depression and the Development of Federal

Social Welfare Programs

A Closer Look Jane Hoey

Continued Professional Growth

Social Work Values and Philosophical Base

A Closer Look Important Dates in

Social Work History

Social Work Ethics and Ethical Dilemmas

Updating a Professional Code of Ethics:

Interview with a Key Player

A Closer Look Excerpts from the 1996

Code of Ethics of the National Association

of Social Workers

Social Work Methods

A Closer Look Social Work Roles

A Model of Social Work Practice

Practice Settings

Salaries and Job Opportunities

Social Work Education and Knowledge for Practice

Current Professional Issues

Social Work in the Larger Field of Social Welfare

Perspectives on Practice

Conclusion

Chapter 4

Generalist Social Work Practice

History and Development of Social Work Practice

The Evolution of Social Work Practice

Development of the Concept of Generalist Social Work

Generalist Practice

Definition

Skills

Relationship Between Generalist and Specialized Practice

Case Management: A Major Skill for Generalist Practitioners

Definitions

History

Skills

Institutional Framework

Advocacy

Practice Ethics and Ethical Dilemmas

Conclusion

Chapter 5

Responses to Human Diversity

Definition of the Problem

Definition of Terms

Dynamics of Intergroup Relations

Perspectives

The Conservative Perspective

The Liberal Perspective

The Radical Perspective

History of Intergroup Relations in the United States

Social Workers, Social Welfare Institutions, and the “New Immigration,”

Social Workers, Social Welfare Institutions and African Americans

A Closer Look The Destruction of a Black Community in Tulsa Oklahoma

Social Workers, Social Welfare Institutions, and Women

Current Issues Regarding Social Welfare and Human Diversity

Multiculturalism

A Closer Look The Experience of Having a Mixed Heritage

Immigration

Affirmative Action

Separatism or Integration?

Social Work Roles Related to Diversity

Social Work Destinations Destinations to Enhance an Appreciation of Diversity

Chapter 6

Religion and Social Work

The Religious Roots of Social Welfare

Early Egyptian Roots

Jewish Roots

Christian Roots

Muslim Roots

The Religious Roots of Organized Social Work

Churches and the Charity Organization Society Movement

Churches and the Settlement House Movement

The Church and the Institutional Roots of Social Work

The Secularization of Social Work

The Secularization of Society

The Growth of Government Services

The New Left and the Student Movement of the 1960s and 1970s

The Reversal of Secularization?

Current Sectarian Services

Social Work and Religion—Uneasy Bedfellows

Should the Church Be Involved in Social Work and Social Welfare

Conservative Religion and Social Change

Social Work Values and Christian Values—Conflict or Consensus?

Conclusion

Chapter 7

Poverty: The Central Concept

Poverty: Major Issues and Common Terms

Rich Country, Poor Country

The Measurement of Economic Inequality

The Distribution of Income and Wealth in the United States

Trends in the Distribution of Wealth and Income

Perspectives on Inequality

Poverty—The Dark Side of Inequality

The Definition of Poverty

Absolute Definitions

The Official Poverty Line in the United States

Issues and Perspectives in Measuring and Defining Poverty

Is the Poverty Line Set at a Realistic Level?

How Should Noncash Benefits Be Counted?

Should Poverty Be Defined in Absolute or Relative Terms

Should the Poverty Line Be Based on Net Disposable Income?

Experimental Poverty Measures

Conclusion

Chapter 8

The Nature and Causes of Poverty

Who Are the Poor?

Statistical Description of the Poverty Population

Region

Nativity

Family Type

The Feminization of Poverty

Different Types of Poverty

Three Levels of Poverty

Data on Different Types of Poverty and Poverty Patterns

Why Are the Poor Poor?

Poverty as the Result of Individual Characteristics

Genetic Inferiority

Poverty as a Result of Psychological Problems

The Human Capital Approach

Cultural Explanations of Poverty

Culture of Poverty

Cultural Deprivation

Critique of Cultural Explanations

Culture of Poverty Theory is Based on Methodologically Flawed Research

Culture Definitions Really Refer to the “Undeserving Poor”

Research Fails to Support Elements of Cultural Explanations

Alternative Explanations for the Lifeways of the Poor

Blaming the Victim

Structural Explanations of Poverty—Liberal Version

Poverty as a Vicious Circle

Does the Class System Reproduce Itself?

The Organization of the Economy

Racial, Sexual, and Age Discrimination

The Increasing Social Isolation of the Ghetto

A Psychological Structural Explanation

Critique of Liberal Structural Explanations

Structural Explanations of Poverty—Conservative Version

Critique of Conservative Explanations

Conclusion

Chapter 9

The Development of Antipoverty Programs

Historical Perspective on Antipoverty Efforts

English Roots

Colonial Years and the Era of the American Revolution

Early Years of the Republic, 1781-1860

Ideas about the Causes of Poverty

The Growth of Indoor Relief

Outdoor Relief

Private Antipoverty Organizations

Government Antipoverty Efforts

Attitudes of the Nonpoor

Social Transformation, Reform, and Reaction, 1860-1930

Changing Attitudes toward the Poor

Private Antipoverty Efforts

Government Antipoverty Efforts

Private Domination of Social Welfare

Seeds of the Reluctant Welfare State, 1930-1940

Attitudes toward the Poor

The Return of Prosperity, 1940-1060

Reform and Reaction, 1960-1988

A New Era for Antipoverty Policy

The Development of Work Programs

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)

Welfare is Reformed—the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families Program

Conclusion

Chapter 10

Child Welfare

Definition

Statistical Profile

Number of Children Involved

Race

Age

Trend

Dynamics

Individual Parent Factors

Family Factors

Environmental Factors

Additional Factors

Historical Perspective

The Emergence of Concern for Children

The Lengthening of Childhood

The Breakdown of the Ability of the Extended Family and the Church to Manage Child

Dependency

The Development of a Changed Conception of Children and Childhood

The Development of Child Welfare Services

The Development of Children’s Homes

The Idea of Foster Family Care

The Development of Protective Services

The Rediscovery of Child Abuse and Neglect

Current Issues and Trends

Emphasis on Permanency Planning

Emphasis on Family Preservation

Reaction to Family Preservation

Class Action Lawsuits on Behalf of Children in Foster Care

Separation of Investigation from Service

Perspectives

Conceptions of Appropriate Discipline

Conservative Perspective

Liberal Perspective

Analysis and Synthesis

The Causation of Maltreatment

Conservative Perspective

Liberal Perspective

Analysis and Synthesis

Rights of Children, Parents, and the Government

Conservative Perspective

Liberal Perspective

Radical Perspective

Analysis and Synthesis

Social Work Roles

Direct Services in Public Child Welfare

Intake, Screening, and Assessment

Supervision of Families with the Child at Home

Family Preservation Service

Recruitment and Supervision of Foster Homes

Adoption

Private Agencies

Conclusion

Chapter 11

Crime and Criminal Justice

Perspectives on Criminal Justice

The Conservative Perspective

Basic Beliefs

Major Issues

The Liberal Perspective

Basic Beliefs

Major Issues

The Radical Perspective

Basic Beliefs

Major Issues

Definition

Legal Definitions of Crime

In Whose Interest Is Criminal Law?

Crime as a Social Welfare Problem

The Punishment Approach

The Rehabilitation Approach

Statistical Profile

Problems with Crime Statistics

Patterns of Crime

Volume of Crime

Gender

Age

Race

Social Welfare and Crime

Juveniles

Adult Corrections

Dynamics

Control Theories

Biological Control Theories

Psychological Control Theories

Social Control Theory

Neoclassical Control Theory

Summary of Control Theories

Cultural Theories

Cultural Deviance

Differential Association Theory

Strain Theory

Summary of Control Theories

Social Victim Theories

Labeling Theory

Radical Criminology

A Brief History of Criminal Justice

Prisons—The First Reform

The Indeterminate Sentence and Parole

Probation

The Concept of Delinquency and the Juvenile Court

Criminal Justice Reform—Rhetoric and Reality

Current Issues

Prisons

Parole

Probation

Diversion

Intermediate Sanctions

Abandoning Rehabilitation

Social Work Roles

Treatment Programs Outside the Criminal Justice System

Victim Assistance

Victim-Offender Mediation

A New Frontier for Social Work in Criminal Justice: The Innocence Movement

Police Work as Social Work

Conclusion

Chapter 12

Health Care

Definitions of Health and Illness

Statistical Picture of Health Care

Health and Socioeconomic Factors

Focus on Diversity Diabetes among the Oglala Souix

Dynamics of Health Care

History of Health Care

The Rise of Scientific Medicine

Medical Social Work

Health Care in the 1960s and 1970s

Current Issues and Trends

Managed Care

The Business of Health Care

Government Action to Improve Health Care

Perspectives

The Conservative Perspective

The Liberal Perspective

The Radical Perspective

Social Work Roles

Conclusion

Chapter 13

Mental Health and Developmental Disability

Issues in Definition

Definitions of Mental Illness

Mental Illness as the Absence of Mental Health

Mental Illness as Disease

Mental Illness as a Reaction to Life’s Problems

Mental Illness as a Label Assigned by Others

Dynamics of Mental Illness

Psysiological Explanations

Psychological Explanations

Behavioral Explanations

Environmental and Sociological Explanations

Statistical Picture of Mental Illness

Definitions of Developmental Disability

Focus on Diversity Race, Diagnosis, and Commitment

Dynamics of Development Disability

Statistical Picture of Development Disability

Historical Perspectives on Mental Illness

Social Work Destinations The Public Hospital, Williamsburg,Virginia

A Closer Look Clifford W. Beers, A Mind That Found Itself

A Closer Look The Snake Pit

Historical Perspectives on Developmental Disability

A Closer Look The Jukes and the Kallikaks

Current Issues and Trends

From Institution to Life in the Community

Community Services for Those with Mental Retardation

Advocacy and Consumer Organizations for the Mentally Ill

Stigma and Mental Illness

Special Populations in the Field of Mental Health

Perspectives

The Conserative Perspective

The Liberal Perspective

The Radical Perspective

Social Work Roles in Mental Health and Developmental Disability

A Closer Look “When Things Were Darkest, Peers Helped:

Conclusion

Chapter 14

Housing, Homelessness, and Community Development

Definitions of the Problem

Actors in the U.S. Housing Situation

Builders

Developers

Bankers

Insurance Companies

Realtors

Landlords

Community Groups

Advocacy Organizations

Research

Statistical Picture of Housing

Dynamics of Housing

Commodity or Right?

Residential Segregation

History of Housing

Housing Trends from the Mid 1800s through the 1920s

The Origins of Housing Policy

Housing Policy after the New Deal

“Urban Renewal”

The Age of HUD

A Closer Look The Destruction of Pruitt-Igoe

Mortgage Meltdown

A Closer Look Mortgage Talk

Obama Begins

Current Issues and Trends

Homelessness

Community Responses

Design

Triage

Sprawl

A Closer Look The Language of Sprawl

Community Development

Gender and Household Stereotypes

The Retreat from Public Life

Social Work Destinations

Social Work and Community Development

Renewing Civility

Perspectives

The Conservative Perspective

The Liberal Perspective

The Radical Perspective

Social Work Roles

Chapter 15

Aging

Definitions of Aging

Statistical Picture of Aging

Living Arrangements

Income

Health

Government Expenditures for the Elderly

Summary

Dynamics: Causes and Effects of Aging

Biological Theories

Social Psychological Theories

Sociological Theories of Aging

Focus on Diversity Men and Aging

History of Aging in America

Current Issues and Trends

Government Programs for Older Americans: Can they Be Maintained?

Long-Term Care

Community Services for the Aging: Problems of Coordination

Ageism and Advocacy

A Closer Look “Harassing the Eldlerly” by Karen DeCrow

Perspectives

The Conservative Perspective

The Liberal Perspective

The Radical Perspective

Social Work Roles

Conclusion

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