Socialism in America from the Shakers to the Third International: A Documentary History / Edition 1

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Socialism in America is a thematic presentation of the various types of socialism, such as Communitarian, Christian, Marxist, and Anarcho-Communist, that have existed in the United States from the time of the Revolutionary War to 1919. The documents included demonstrate how socialism wsa an integral part of the American past: because its ideals were embedded in the birth of America, it authentically expressed the American egalitarian norm.

The documents demonstrate that each type of socialism has a counterpart in a broadly based contemporary social movement: for example, religious communities were linked to revivalism and millenarianism. Ultimately, the collapse of socialism in America was tied to the country's conservative mood in the 1890s and World War I.

Columbia University Press

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780231081412
  • Publisher: Perseus (for Columbia University Press)
  • Publication date: 2/16/1993
  • Edition description: Morningside ed. with new preface
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 604
  • Product dimensions: 5.25 (w) x 8.00 (h) x 1.34 (d)

Meet the Author

Albert Fried"s books include The Essential Lincoln, The Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian Traditions in American Politics, and The Rise and Fall of the Jewish Gangster in America. He divides his time between teaching American History at the State Universsity of New York at Purchase and writing.

Columbia University Press

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Table of Contents

Preface to the Morningside Edition
Ch. I The Course of American Socialism: A Synoptic View 1
Ch. II Religions Commnnitarians 16
1 The Shakers
Calvin Green and Seth Y. Wells: A Summary View of the Millenial Church or United Society of Believers (1848) 31
"Four Months Among the Shakers" (1842-1843) 46
2 The Perfectionists
John Humphrey Noyes: Bible Communism (1848) 54
Ch. III The Secular Communitarians 63
1 Owenites
Cornelius C. Blatchly: An Essay on Common Wealth (1822) 85
Robert Owen: First Discourse on a New System of Society (1825) 94
Frances Wright: Statement on Nashoba (1826) 112
Langdon Byllesby: Observations on the Sources and Effects of Unequal Wealth (1827) 117
Thomas Skidmore: The Rights of Man to Property! (1829) 124
2 The Associationists
Albert Brisbane: A Concise Exposition of The Doctrine of Associationism (1843) 133
Horace Greeley versus Henry J. Raymond: Association Discussed (1847) 149
The Harbinger (Brook Farm, 1845) 161
A. J. Macdonald: "Vist to the North American Phalanx" (1851) 166
3 The Icarians
Etienne Cabet: The History of the Colony or Republic of Icaria in the United States of America (1855) 170
Ch. IV The Germans 178
1 American Confederation of the International Workingmen's Association, Declaration of Principles and Platform (1872) 196
2 Friedrich A. Sorge: Socialism and the Worker (1876) 198
3 Manifesto of the International Working People's Association (1883) 208
4 Johann Most: The Beast of Property (1884) 213
5 Speeches at the Chicago Anarchist Trial (1886) 221
Speech by August Spies 221
Speech by Michael Schwab 224
Speech by Albert R. Parsons 226
6 Alexander Jonas: Socialism and Anarchism (1886) 230
7 Henry George versus Serge Schevitch, Single Tax versus Socialism (1887) 234
Mr. Schevitch's Argument 234
Henry George's Reply 238
Mr. Schevitch's Rejoinder 241
Henry George Concludes the Debate 242
8 Daniel DeLeon: Reform or Revolution (1896) 244
Ch. V The New Apostles 256
1 Laurence Gronlund: The Cooperative Commonwealth (1884) 273
2 Edward Bellamy: Equality (1897) 289
3 Edward Bellamy: "Looking Forward" (1889) 320
4 William Dean Howells: A Traveler from Altruria (1894) 324
Ch. VI Christian Socialists 335
1 Declaration of Principles of the Christian Socialist Movement (1889) 348
2 W. D. P. Bliss: "What To Do Now" (1890) 350
3 "The Christian Commonwealth" (1898) 355
4 George Herron: The New Redemption (1893) 362
5 George Herron: "Why I am a Socialist" (1900) 370
Ch. VII The Socialist Party of America 377
1 Socialist Party Platform of 1912 391
2 Eugene V. Debs: Speech at Indianapolis (1904) 398
3 William James Ghent: "The Next Step: A Benevolent Feudalism" (1902) 405
4 Jack London: "What Life Means to Me" (1906) 413
5 Upton Sinclair: The Industrial Republic (1907) 422
6 Morris Hillquit: Socialism in Theory and Practice (1909) 430
7 William English Walling: The Larger Aspect of Socialism (1913) 441
Ch. VIII Socialism and the Workers 446
1 Manifesto on Organizing the Industrial Workers of the World (1905) 457
2 Eugene V. Debs: "Revolutionary Unionism" (1905) 462
3 Hillquit versus Gompers: Double Edge of Labor's Sword (1914) 471
4 William D. Haywood: "Socialism, the Hope of the Working Class" (1912) 496
Ch. IX War and Revolution 504
1 St. Louis Manifesto of the Socialist Party (1917) 521
2 Eugene V. Debs: Speech to the Count (1918) 527
3 Louis C. Fraina: Revolutionary Socialism (1918) 530
4 Manifesto of the Left Wing Section of Greater New York (1910) 539
5 Morris Hillquit: "Socialist Task and Outlook" (1919) 550
Bibliography 558
Index 563
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