BN.com Gift Guide

Socio-economic Diagnosis of Ornamental Horticulture in Togo [NOOK Book]

Overview

Production systems in ornamental horticulture in Togo are very diverse in terms of
speculation, access to land (variable surfaces, direct or indirect forms of tenure, acquisition
methods and land use, etc.) and socio-economic profiles of farmers (men, women, young, old,
people with little or no qualifications, rural to urban, etc.). The ...
See more details below
Socio-economic Diagnosis of Ornamental Horticulture in Togo

Available on NOOK devices and apps  
  • NOOK Devices
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK 7.0
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK 10.1
  • NOOK HD Tablet
  • NOOK HD+ Tablet
  • NOOK eReaders
  • NOOK Color
  • NOOK Tablet
  • Tablet/Phone
  • NOOK for Windows 8 Tablet
  • NOOK for iOS
  • NOOK for Android
  • NOOK Kids for iPad
  • PC/Mac
  • NOOK for Windows 8
  • NOOK for PC
  • NOOK for Mac
  • NOOK for Web

Want a NOOK? Explore Now

NOOK Book (eBook)
$2.99
BN.com price

Overview

Production systems in ornamental horticulture in Togo are very diverse in terms of
speculation, access to land (variable surfaces, direct or indirect forms of tenure, acquisition
methods and land use, etc.) and socio-economic profiles of farmers (men, women, young, old,
people with little or no qualifications, rural to urban, etc.). The family horticultural production system, which represents over 90% of 55 horticultural farms of this study, is the
main production system. It is characterized by areas of less than 0.1 hectare and farms in
relative land insecurity (97% of land used to belong to the state). Throughout the system,
there is a salaried labor representing 5-8% of turnover. Temporary and permanent employees
are paid on weekends or at the end of the month. Farmers use gardening equipment and
processing plant more or less modern including clippers, shears, pruners and sprayers.
Production units provide direct employment (more than 3 employees per unit) and directly to
several hundred people. Horticulture in urban and peri-urban areas improves the living
conditions of farmers (income) and the population (embellishment of streets, maintenance or
creation of green areas buffer) despite some negative externalities associated particularly with
the use of prohibited pesticides and uncontrolled use of spaces along the roads. Its survival is
threatened by many constraints, including the extension of urban housing and road building.
In Togo, beneficial effects of ornamental horticulture may be more noticeable if the political
authorities, private stakeholders and the researchers work together to organize the sector. It
could thus participate effectively in the formal economy, and the emergence of true
development plans at the municipal level.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • BN ID: 2940148619994
  • Publisher: ReadCycle
  • Publication date: 10/10/2013
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • File size: 801 KB

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)