A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French

A Sociolinguistic History of Parisian French

by R. Anthony Lodge
     
 

Paris Mushroomed in the thirteenth century to become the largest city in the western world, largely through in-migration from rural areas. The resulting dialect-mixture led to the formation of new, specifically urban modes of speech. From the time of the Renaissance, social stratification became sharper, as the elites distanced themselves from the Parisian 'Cockney'… See more details below

Overview

Paris Mushroomed in the thirteenth century to become the largest city in the western world, largely through in-migration from rural areas. The resulting dialect-mixture led to the formation of new, specifically urban modes of speech. From the time of the Renaissance, social stratification became sharper, as the elites distanced themselves from the Parisian 'Cockney' of the masses. Nineteenth-century urbanisation transformed the situation yet again, with the arrival of huge numbers of immigrants from far-flung corners of France, levelling dialect-differences and exposing ever-larger sections of the population to standardising influences. At the same time, a working-class vernacular emerged which was distinguished from the upper-class standard not only in grammar and pronunciation, but most markedly in vocabulary (slang). This book examines the interlinked history of Parisian speech and the Parisian population through these various phases of in-migration, dialect-mixing and social stratification from medieval times to the present day.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521100717
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
01/29/2009
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 8.90(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents

List of maps
List of tables
List of figures
Acknowledgments
List of phonetic symbols
Pt. 1Preliminaries
Introduction3
1'The French of Paris'5
2The analytical frame17
Pt. 2The pre-industrial city
3The demographic take-off37
4The beginnings of Parisian French53
5The medieval written evidence80
Pt. 3The proto-industrial city
6Social and sociolinguistic change, 1350-1750105
7Variation in the Renaissance city124
8Variation under the Ancien Regime148
9Salience and reallocation171
Pt. 4The industrial city
10Industrial growth, 1750-1950193
11Standardisation and dialect-levelling205
12Lexical variation228
Conclusion249
AppLiterary imitations of low-class speech251
Bibliography267
Index285

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