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Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life, Brief Edition

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Overview

In this briefer, less expensive edition of his acclaimed sociology text, David M. Newman invites students into the world of sociological thought using a captivating writing style, compelling new examples, and a focus on the sociology of everyday life. This briefer version of Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life is streamlined while still exposing students to the key points of Newman’s proven text. In his signature style, Newman shows students the two-way connection between the most private elements of their lives and the cultures, groups, organizations, and social institutions of today’s society.

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Editorial Reviews

Savannah Jones
"Because it is value-priced and briefer, the text makes it easy for instructors to assign other readings."
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781412966696
  • Publisher: SAGE Publications
  • Publication date: 2/1/2009
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Pages: 304
  • Product dimensions: 7.90 (w) x 9.80 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Meet the Author

David M. Newman earned his B.A. from San Diego State University in 1981 and his graduate degrees from the University of Washington in Seattle (M.A. 1984, Ph D 1988). After a year at the University of Connecticut, David went to De Pauw University in 1989 and has been there ever since. David teaches courses in Contemporary Society, Deviance, Mental Illness, Family, Social Psychology, and Research Methods. He has published numerous articles on teaching and has presented research papers on the intersection of gender and power in intimate relationships. Recently most of his scholarly activity has been devoted to writing and revising several books, including Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life (SAGE, 2014); Identities and Inequalities: Exploring the Intersections of Race, Class, Gender, and Sexuality (Mc Graw-Hill, 2012); and Families: A Sociological Perspective (Mc Graw-Hill, 2009). He is currently working on a book-length manuscript that examines the cultural meaning, institutional importance, and social limitations of “second chance” narratives in everyday life.

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Table of Contents

About the Author
Preface
Acknowledgments
Part I: The Individual and Society
1: Taking a New Look at a Familiar World
Sociology and the Individual
The Insights of Sociology
The Sociological Imagination
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
2: Seeing and Thinking Sociologically
How Individuals Structure Society
Social Influence: The Impact of Other People in Our Everyday Lives
Societal Influence: The Effect of Social Structure on Our Everyday Lives
Statuses and Roles
Groups
Organizations
Social Institutions
Culture
Norms
Social Structure in Global Context
Three Perspectives on Social Order
The Structural-Functionalist Perspective
The Conflict Perspective
Symbolic Interactionism
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
Part II: The Construction of Self and Society
3: Building Reality: The Social Construction of Knowledge
Understanding the Social Construction of Reality
Laying the Foundation: The Bases of Reality
Culture and Language
Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
Faith and Incorrigible Propositions
Building the Walls: Conflict, Power, and Social Institutions
The Economics of Reality
The Politics of Reality
The Medium Is the Message
Appreciating the Contributions of Sociological Research
The Empirical Nature of Sociological Research
Qualitative and Quantitative Research
Theories, Variables, and Hypotheses
Modes of Research
Experiments
Field Research
Surveys
Unobtrusive Research
The Trustworthiness of Social Research
Samples
Indicators
Values, Interests, and Ethics in Sociological Research
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
4: Building Order: Culture and History
Dimensions of Culture
Material and Nonmaterial Culture
Global Culture
Subcultures
Cultural Expectations and Social Order
Social Institutions and Cultural Norms
Institutionalized Emotions
Norms and Sanctions
Cultural Relativism and Ethnocentrism
Cultural Variation and Everyday Experience
Health and Illness
Sex
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
5: Building Identity: Socialization
Social Structure and the Construction of Human Beings
Socialization: Becoming Who We Are
The Acquisition of Self
Language Acquisition and the Looking-Glass Self
The Development of Role Taking
Resocialization
The Self in Cultural Context
Socialization and Stratification: Growing Up With Inequality
Social Class
Race and Ethnicity
Gender
Institutions and Socialization
Education
Religion
Mass Media
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
6: Supporting Identity: The Presentation of Self
Forming Impressions of Others
Social Group Membership
Physical Appearance
Verbal and Nonverbal Expression
Managing Impressions
Image Making
Dramaturgy: Actors on a Social Stage
Front Stage and Back Stage
Props
Social Influences on Impression Management
Race and Ethnicity
Social Status
Mismanaging Impressions: Spoiled Identities
Embarrassment
Remedies for Spoiled Identities
Stigma
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
7: Building Social Relationships: Intimacy and Families
Life With Others
Social Diversity and Intimate Choices
Religious Endogamy
Racial and Ethnic Endogamy
Social Class Endogamy
Family Life
Defining Family
Historical Trends in Family Life
Trends in Family Structure
Trends in Household Size
Trends in Divorce
Cultural Variation in Intimacy and Family
Family and Social Structure
How Other Institutions Influence Family
The Influence of Law and Politics
The Influence of Religion
The Influence of Economics
How Social Diversity Influences Family
Family Challenges
Divorce
The Normalization of Divorce
Children, Divorce, and Single Parenting
Family Violence
Intimate Partner Violence
Child Abuse
Intimate Violence in Cultural Context
Institutional Responses to Intimate Violence
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
8: Constructing Difference: Social Deviance
Defining Deviance
Absolutist Definitions of Deviance
Relativist Definitions of Deviance
The Elements of Deviance
Explaining Deviant Behavior
Deterring Deviance
Labeling Deviants
Linking Power, Deviance, and Social Control
The Criminalization of Deviance
The Social Reality of Crime
Corporate and White Collar Crime
The Menace of “Illegal” Drugs
The Medicalization of Deviance
Individualizing Complex Social Issues
Depoliticizing Deviance
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
Part III: Social Structure, Institutions, and Everyday Life
9: The Structure of Society: Organizations, Social Institutions, and Globalization
Social Structure and Everyday Life
Social Dilemmas: Individual Interests and Structural Needs
The Tragedy of the Commons
The Free-Rider Problem
Solutions to Social Dilemmas
The Structure of Formal Organizations
Bureaucracies: Playing by the Rules
The Construction of Organizational Reality
Organizations and Institutions
Organizational Networks Within Institutions
Institutional Pressures Toward Similarity
Globalization and Social Institutions
Economics
Education
Religion
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
10: The Architecture of Stratification: Social Class and Inequality
Stratification Systems
Slavery
Caste Systems
Estate Systems
Social Class Systems
Sociological Perspectives on Stratification
The Structural-Functionalist View of Stratification
The Conflict View of Stratification
The Marxian Class Model
Neo-Marxist Models of Stratification
Weber’s Model of Stratification
Class Inequality in the United States
Class and Everyday Life
Class Distinctions
The Upper Class
The Middle Class
The Working Class
The Poor
What Poverty Means in the United States
The Poverty Line
The Near-Poor
The Poverty Rate
Enduring Disparities in Income and Wealth
The Social “Benefits” of Poverty
The Ideology of Competitive Individualism
Global Development and Inequality
The Global Economic Gap
Explanations for Global Stratification
Global Financial Organizations
Multinational Corporations
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
11: The Architecture of Inequality: Race and Ethnicity
Race and Ethnicity: More Than Just Biology
Histories of Oppression and Inequality
Native Americans
Latino/as
African Americans
Asian Americans
Muslim Americans
Racial and Ethnic Relations
Personal Racism
Stereotypes
Prejudice and Discrimination
The Privilege of Having No Color
Class, Race, and Discrimination
Quiet Racism
The Cultural Ideology of Racism
Racism in Language
The Myth of Innate Racial Inferiority
Institutional Racism: Injustice Built Into the System
Racial Inequality in the Economic System
Racial Inequality in the Health Care System
Racial Inequality in the Educational System
Remedies for Institutional Racism: Affirmative Action
Global Perspectives on Racism
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
12: The Architecture of Inequality: Sex and Gender
Sexism at the Personal Level
Sexism and Social Interaction
Sexual Orientation
Violence Against Women
Rape as a Means of Social Control
Victim Blaming
The Ideology of Sexism: Biology as Destiny
Institutions and Gender Inequality
Gender Inequality in Health and Health Care
Gender Inequality in Families
Gender Inequality in Education
Gender Inequality in the Economy
Segregation in the Workplace
The Wage Gap
The Global Devaluation of Women
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
13: Demographic Dynamics: Population Trends
The Influence of Birth Cohorts
Baby Boomers
Generation X
The Millennium Generation
Demographic Dynamics
Population Growth
Global Imbalances in Population Growth
Politics, Culture, and Population Growth
Age Structure
Geographic Distribution
Migration Within a Society
Migration From One Country to Another
Population Trends in the United States
Immigration and the Changing Face of the United States
The “Graying” of the United States
Conclusion
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
14: Architects of Change: Reconstructing Society
Social Change
The Speed of Social Change
Causes of Social Change
Environmental and Population Pressures
Cultural and Technological Innovation
Diffusion of Technologies and Cultural Practices
Social Movements
Types of Social Movements
Elements of Social Movements
Ideology
Resource Mobilization
Bureaucratization
Political Opportunity Structure
The Sociological Imagination Revisited
Conclusion and Farewell
Chapter Highlights
Key Terms
References
Index

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