Sociology Matters / Edition 5

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Overview

Richard T. Schaefer's Sociology Matters is a concise introduction to the discipline of sociology. Its straightforward style, streamlined design, and highly focused coverage make it the perfect affordable, ultra brief, introductory text for instructors who use a variety of materials in their course.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780073528250
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 2/11/2011
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 416
  • Sales rank: 258,148
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Growing up in Chicago at a time when neighborhoods were going through transitions in ethnic and racial composition, Richard T. Schaefer found himself increasingly intrigued by what was happening, how people were reacting, and how these changes were affecting neighborhoods and people’s jobs. His interest in social issues caused him to gravitate to sociology courses at Northwestern University, where he received a B.A. in Sociology.

"Originally as an undergraduate I thought I would go on to law school and become a lawyer. But after taking a few sociology courses, I found myself wanting to learn more about what sociologists studied and fascinated by the kinds of questions they raised." This fascination led him to obtain his M.A. and Ph.D. in Sociology from the University of Chicago. Dr. Schaefer’s continuing interest in race relations led him to write his masters’ thesis on the membership of the Ku Klux Klan and his doctoral thesis on racial prejudice and race relations in Great Britain.

Dr. Schaefer went on to become a professor of sociology. He has taught introductory sociology for 30 years to students in colleges, adult education programs, nursing programs, and even a maximum-security prison. Dr. Schaefer’s love of teaching is apparent in his interaction with his students. "I find myself constantly learning from the students who are in my classes and from reading what they write. Their insights into the material we read or current events that we discuss often become part of future course material and sometimes even find their way into my writing."

Dr. Schaefer is author of the third edition of Sociology: A Brief Introduction (McGraw-Hill, 2000). Dr. Schaefer is also the author of Racial and Ethnic Groups now in its eighth edition, and Race and Ethnicity in the United States, second edition. His articles and book reviews have appeared in many journals, including American Journal of Sociology, Phylon: A Review of Race and Culture, Contemporary Sociology, Sociology and Social Research, Sociological Quarterly, and Teaching Sociology. He served as president of the Midwest Sociological Society in 1994-1995.

Dr. Schaefer’s advice to students is to "look at the material and make connections to your own life and experiences. Sociology will make you a more attentive observer of how people in groups interact and function. It will also make you more aware of peoples’ different needs and interests — and perhaps more ready to work for the common good, while still recognizing the individuality of each person."

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Table of Contents


Brief Contents
Chapter 1: The Sociological View
Chapter 2: Culture and Socialization
Chapter 3: Social Structure, Groups, and Organizations
Chapter 4: Deviance and Social Control
Chapter 5: Stratification in the United States and Worldwide
Chapter 6: Inequality by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
Chapter 7: Inequality of Gender
Chapter 8: Social Institutions
Chapter 9: Population, Community, Health, and the Environment
Chapter 10: Social Movements, Social Change, and Technology


Detailed Contents
Preface
Chapter 1: The Sociological View
What Is Sociology? ; The Sociological Imagination ; Sociology and the Social Sciences ; Sociology and Common Sense
What Is Sociological Theory?
The Development of Sociology ; Early Thinkers ; Émile Durkheim ; Max Weber ; Karl Marx ; Modern Developments:Charles Horton Cooley / Jane Addams / Robert Merton
Major Theoretical Perspectives ; Functionalist Perspective: Manifest and Latent Functions ; Conflict Perspective: The Marxist View / A Different Voice: W. E. B Du Bois ; Interactionist Perspective ; Feminist Perspective
What is the Scientific Method? ; Defining the Problem ; Reviewing the Literature ; Formulating the Hypothesis ; Collecting and Analyzing Data ; Selecting the Sample: Ensuring Validity and Reliability ; Developing the Conclusion: Supporting Hypotheses / Controlling the Other Factors /In Summary: The Scientific Method
Major Research Designs ; Surveys ; Observation ; Experiments ; Use of Existing Sources
Ethics of Research
Applied and Clinical Sociology
Summary
Chapter 2: Culture and Socialization
Culture and Society
Development of Culture Around the World ; Cultural Universals ; Innovation ; Globalization, Diffusion, and Technology
Elements of Culture ; Language ; Norms: Types of Norms / Acceptance of Norms ; Sanctions ; Values
Culture and the Dominant Ideology
Cultural Variation ; Subcultures ; Countercultures ; Culture Shock ; Ethnocentrism ; Cultural Relativism
The Role of Socialization ; Environment: The Impact of Isolation: A Girl Called Isabelle / Heredity: the Impact of Biology
The Self and Socialization ; Cooley: Looking-Glass Self ; Mead: Stages of the Self ; Mead: Theory of the Self ; Goffman: Presentation of the Self
Socialization and the Life Course ; The Life Course ; Anticipatory Socialization and Resocialization
Agents of Socialization ; Family ; School ; Peer Group ; Mass Media and Technology ; Workplace ; The State
Summary
Chapter 3: Social Structure, Groups, and Organizations
Defining and Reconstructing Reality
Elements of Social Structure ; Statuses: Ascribed and Achieved Status / Master Status ; Social Roles: What Are Social Roles? / Role Conflict / Role Strain ; Groups: Primary and Secondary Groups / In-Groups and Out-Groups / Reference Groups
Social Networks and Technology ; Social Institutions
Social Structure in Global Perspective ; Tönnies's Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft ; Lenski's Sociocultural Evolution Approach: Preindustrial Societies / Industrial Societies / Postindustrial and Postmodern Societies
Understanding Organizations ; Formal Organizations and Bureaucracies ; Characteristics of a Bureaucracy ; Bureaucracy and Organizational Culture ; Voluntary Associations
Technology Impact on the Workplace
Summary
Chapter 4: Deviance and Social Control
Social Control ; Conformity and Obedience ; Informal and Formal Social Control ; Law and Society
Deviance ; What is Deviance? / Deviance and Social Stigma ; Explaining Deviance: Functionalist Perspective / Interactionist Perspective / Labeling Theory / Conflict Theory / Feminist Perspective
Crime ; Types of Crime: Professional Crime / Organized Crime White-Collar and Technology-Based Crime / Victimless Crime ; Crime Statistics: Understanding Crime Statistics / International Crime Rates
Summary
Chapter 5: Stratification in the United States and Worldwide
Understanding Stratification ; Systems of Stratification: Slavery / Castes / Social Classes ; Perspectives on Stratification: Karl Marx's View of Class Differentiation / Max Weber's View of Stratification ; Is Stratification Universal? Functionalist View Conflict View / Lenski's Viewpoint
Stratification by Social Class ; Measuring Social Class: Objective Method / Multiple Measures ; Wealth and Income ; Poverty: Studying Poverty / Who Are the Poor? / Explaining Poverty ; Life Chances
Social Mobility ; Open versus Closed Stratification Systems ; Types of Social Mobility ; Social Mobility in the United States: Occupational Mobility / The Impact of Education / The Impact of Race / The Impact of Gender
Stratification in the World System ; Legacy of Colonialism ; Globalization ; Multinational Corporations: Functionalist View / Conflict View ; Modernization
Summary
Chapter 6: Inequality by Race, Ethnicity, and Gender
The Privileges of the Dominant
Race, Ethnicity, and Minority Groups ; Minority Groups ; Race ; Ethnicity
Immigration and New Ethnic Groups
Explaining Inequality by Race and Ethnicity ; The Functionalist View ; The Conflict Response ; The Interactionist Approach
Prejudice and Discrimination ; Discriminatory Behavior ; Institutional Discrimination ; Measuring Discrimination
Summary
Chapter 7: Inequality of Gender
The Social Construction of Gender ; Gender-Role Socialization ; Women's and Men's Gender Roles ; A Cross-Cultural Perspective
Explaining Inequality by Gender ; The Functionalist View ; The Conflict Response ; The Feminist Perpsective ; The Interactionist Approach
Women: The Oppressed Majority ; Sexism and Sex Discrimination ; Sexual Harrassment ; The Status of Women Worldwide ; Women in the Workforce of the United States ; The Social Consequences of Women's Employment
The Double Jeopardy of Minority Women
Summary
Chapter 8: Social Institutions
Studying Social Institutions ; Functionalist View ; Conflict View ; Interactionist View
The Family: A Global View ; Composition: What is the Family? ; Kinship Patterns: To Whom Are We Related? ; Authority Patterns: Who Rules?
Religion as a Social Institution ; The Integrative Function of Religion ; Religion and Social Support ; Religion and Social Change ; Religion and Social Control: A Conflict View
Education: Schools as Formal Organizations ; Bureaucratization of Schools ; Teachers: Employees and Instructors ; Student Subcultures
Power and Authority ; Types of Authority: Traditional Authority / Legal-Rational Authority / Charismatic Authority
Who Rules in the United States? ; Power Elite Models: Mill's Model / Domhoff's Model Pluralist Model
The Economy: Today and Tomorrow ; Economic Systems: Capitalism / Socialism ; Economic Change: The Face of the Workforce / Deindustrialization / E-Commerce /The Contingency Workforce
Summary
Chapter 9: Population, Community, Health, and the Environment
Demography: The Study of Population ; Malthus's Thesis and Marx's Response ; Studying Population Today ; Elements of Demography
How Did Communities Originate? ; Early Communities ; Preindustrial Cities ; Industrial and Postindustrial Cities
Urbanization and Its Consequences ; Functionalist View: Urban Ecology ; Conflict View: New Urban Sociology
Health and Illness: Sociological Perspectives ; Functionalist Approach ; Conflict Approach
The Medicalization of Society ; Inequities in Health Care ; Interactionist Approach ; Labeling Approach
Social Epidemiology ; Social Class ; Race and Ethnicity ; Gender ; Age
The Environment and Our Place in It ; Environmental Problems: An Overview: Air Pollution / Water Pollution / Contamination of Land ; Human Ecology ; A Conflict View of Environmental Issues
Environmental Justice
Summary
Chapter 10: Social Movements, Social Change, and Technology
Social Movements ; Relative Deprivation ; Resource Mobilization ; Gender and Social Movements ; New Social Movements
Theories of Social Change ; Evolutionary Theory ; Functionalist Theory ; Conflict Theory ; Global Social Change
Resistance to Social Change ; Economic and Cultural Factors ; Resistance to Technology
Technology and the Future ; Computer Technology: Telecommuting / The Internet ; Biotechnology: Sex Selection / Genetic Engineering / Bioterrorism ; Technological Accidents
Technology and Society ; Culture and Social Interaction ; Social Control ; Stratification and Inequality
Summary
Glossary
References
Credits
Index

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