Sociology of Religion: Contemporary Developments / Edition 2

Sociology of Religion: Contemporary Developments / Edition 2

by Kevin J. Christiano, William H., Jr. Swatos Jr., Peter Kivisto

ISBN-10: 0742561119

ISBN-13: 9780742561113

Pub. Date: 05/29/2008

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

This second edition of Sociology of Religion: Contemporary Developments charts changes in the sociology of religion without ignoring the continuing relevance of Weber, Durkheim, and Marx. Veteran sociologists Kevin J. Christiano, William H. Swatos, Jr., and Peter Kivisto address both the foundations and the profound changes in the field, placing new conceptions

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This second edition of Sociology of Religion: Contemporary Developments charts changes in the sociology of religion without ignoring the continuing relevance of Weber, Durkheim, and Marx. Veteran sociologists Kevin J. Christiano, William H. Swatos, Jr., and Peter Kivisto address both the foundations and the profound changes in the field, placing new conceptions against their historical background. Charts, pictures, down-to-earth examples, and a readable style keep the history and new developments within the reach of undergraduates. Instructors who want to give their students a current and comprehensive overview of the field should take a look at Sociology of Religion.

About the Author:
Kevin J. Christiano is associate professor of sociology at the University of Notre Dame. For more than two decades he has published research on such subjects as religion and the family, church membership and labor activism, Roman Catholics among immigrants to the United States, and American denominations at the end of the nineteenth century

About the Author:
William H. Swatos, Jr., is executive director of the Association for the Sociology of Religion and of the Religious Research Association. His concentrations include secularization, church-sect theory, religion and slave/master relations in the antebellum South, Icelandic spirituality, family and sexuality, and social theory. He holds a degree in theology and is a priest in the Anglican Communion. He is editor in chief of the Encyclopedia of Religion and Society

About the Author:
Peter Kivisto is currently professor and chair of sociology at Augustana College, where he has taught for twenty-fiveyears. He teaches courses in social theory, race and ethnicity, and citizenship, as well as introductory sociology, and has written or edited texts in most of these areas

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Product Details

Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.
Publication date:
Edition description:
Second Edition
Sales rank:
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 9.90(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

About Ourselves     xi
About the Book     xiii
The Basics
By Way of Introduction     3
Background     3
The Definition Problem     4
Exploring the Dimensions of Religion     12
Social Relationships     12
Ethical Considerations     16
A Definitional Revision     18
The Plan of the Book     19
Suggestions for Further Reading     25
Studying Religion     27
How Do We Study Religion?     27
Survey Research     29
Participant Observation     32
Historical Research     34
Theory in the Study of Religion     35
Functionalist Theories     35
Conflict Theories     37
A Paradigm Shift     38
Rational Choice Theories     39
Sociologie Religieuse     45
Why Study Religion?     47
Implicit Religion     51
Suggestions for Further Reading     53
The "Religion" of Secularization and the History of Religions     55
The "World" of Religion     55
The Arguments     59
The Critique     63
The "Religions" ofSecularization     64
Civil Religion     65
Invisible Religion     70
The Myth of the Age of Faith     73
Pluralism     74
Suggestions for Further Reading     82
Religion in the United States: Denominationalism and Beyond     85
Churches and Sects     86
Weber's Sociology and Troeltsch's Ethics     88
Elaboration, Reaction, and Revision     89
Neo-Weberian Analyses     91
Denominationalism     92
Typology     93
Denominations Today     95
Congregationalism     98
American Religious Renewal     102
Mainlines and Sidelines in Religion in the United States     105
Evangelicals and Fundamentalists: Alike and Different     112
Suggestions for Further Reading     118
Religion and Social Differentiation
Social Class, Religion, and Power: A Classic Field of Inquiry     123
Sociological Classics     123
Marx: The Permanent Exile and Prophet     124
Weber: Theodicy, Religious Ethics, and Social Class     128
Religion and the U.S. Class Structure     133
U.S. Classes and Religion in the Industrial Age: 1870-1970      134
The Class/Religion Nexus in a Postindustrial Society     143
Suggestions for Further Reading     150
Religion and Ethnicity: A Complex Relationship     153
Clarifying Terms: Ethnic, Nationality, and Racial Groups     154
Defining Ethnic Groups     154
Nationality Groups and Territoriality     155
The Specter of Race     156
Relational Patterns between Religion and Ethnicity     159
Ethnicity in the "Righteous Empire"     161
The Ethnic Factor in the Formative Period of U.S. Catholicism     162
The Jewish Diaspora     164
Herberg's Thesis and the Triple Melting Pot     166
The African-American Religious Experience     168
From Different Shores: The New Immigrants     173
The New Ethnics as Protestants, Catholics, and Jews     175
Beyond Protestant, Catholic, Jew     176
Suggestions for Further Reading     183
Gender, Sexuality, and Religion: Spirituality in Different Voices?     185
The Ordination Debate     187
Women in Clerical and Lay Roles     192
Culture Wars: Gender, Religion, and Family Values     196
Abortion and the Politics of the Body     197
Family Matters      199
Gays, Lesbians, and Religion     204
Images of God and Gendered Spirituality     208
Suggestions for Further Reading     209
Religion, Culture, and Change
Religious Change: The Case of Catholicism in the United States     213
Church with a Capital C     213
Change: From Breeze to Tornado     214
Commitment: Loyalty, but Not Obedience     215
Devotion: A Collapse of Authority     216
Governance: Guiding the People of God     217
Leadership: Failures at the Top     219
Membership: Problems in the Pews     223
African-American Catholics     223
Hispanic Catholics     225
Women in the Church     227
Personnel: People without Priests     231
Finances: Expanding Mission, Declining Resources     237
Suggestions for Further Reading     240
The Globalization Dynamic: Historic Animosities or Postmodern Politics?     243
Global Culture     246
Excursus on the History of Religions     249
Globalization and Fundamentalisms     250
The Religious Right in the United States     251
Islamization     256
Fundamentalism, Globalization, and American Civil Religion     260
Ultraorthodoxy     265
Suggestions for Further Reading     270
Mediating Meaning: Religion in-and as-Contemporary Culture     273
Mass Faith: The Media of Religion     275
Religion in Material Culture: Faith in the Flesh     275
Religious Publishing: Words and The Word     278
"That Old-Time Religion": Broadcast Faith in the United States     283
"In the Beginning..."     283
The Message: "His Master's Voice"?     285
The Messengers: The Return of Elmer Gantry?     286
The Audience: Preaching to the Converted?     288
Cyber-Faith: Religion on the Internet     290
Suggestions for Further Reading     296
Boundary Issues: Church, State, and New Religions     299
Religious Novelty     302
Cult and Anticult: Social Science and Social Movements     304
Asceticism and Mysticism     307
The Attraction of the Margin     310
Illustrations of NRM Dynamics     312
Unificationism     313
"Satanism" and Anti-Satanism     319
Neopaganism: Of Gods and Goddesses     325
Suggestions for Further Reading     328
References      329
Index     361

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