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Socrates and the Political Community: An Ancient Debate

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Table of Contents


Part I. Aristophanes' Laugher (The Clouds)
Strepsiades' Problem
Strepsiades' Introduction to the Thinkery
The Parabasis: The Clouds' Address to the Audience
Socrates' Instruction of the Strepsiades
The Contest Presented before Phidippides
Its Aftermath
The Standpoint of Comedy

Part II. Political Philosophy: Plat's Response (The Republic)
Chapter 1. Plato's Introduction to Political Philosophy (Book I of the Republic)
The Setting of the Dialogue
Socrates' Meeting with Cephalus
Socrates' and Polemarchus' Search for a Definition of Justice
Socrates' Quarrel with Thrasymachus
The Task of Political Philosophy

Chapter 2. Justice in the City and the Soul (Books II-IV of the Republic)
Glaucon and Adeimantus
The City of Pigs and Its Deficiencies
The Nature of the Guardians
The Guardians' Education in Music: The Public Tales
The Guardians' Education in Music: Further Considerations
The Gymnastic Education of the Guardians
The Unity of the City: Its Noble Lie and Communism of Property
Locating Justice in the City
Drawing a Parallel to the Soul
Republic's Defense of Justice and Aristophanes' Clouds
Chapter 3. Communism and Philosophy (Books V-VII of the Republic)
Socrates' Reluctance to Speak
Common Natures, Common Jobs
Communism of Women and Children
The Philosopher-Kings
The Dangers of Politics

Chapter 4. A return to the Socratic Perspective (Books VIII-X of the Republic)
The Degeneration of Regimes and Human Beings
The contest between Justice and INjustice
Socrates' New Criticism of Poetry
Poetry and the Reconciliation of the
Republic's Dichotomies
The Unresolved Quarrel between Aristophanes and Plato

Part III. Political Science: Aristotle's Achievement (Book II of the Politics) Introduction
Aristotle's Criticism of Socrates and Plato
The Other Regimes in Speech
The List of Legislators
Aristotle's Political Science as a Repose to Plato

Afterword: Ancients and Moderns: Another Debate
Selected Bibliography

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