Soft Computing for Reservoir Characterization and Modeling / Edition 1by Patrick Wong
Pub. Date: 12/28/2001
Publisher: Physica-Verlag HD
In the middle of the 20th century, Genrich Altshuller, a Russian engineer, analysed hundreds of thousands of patents and scientific publications. From this analysis, he developed TRIZ (G. Altshuller, "40 Principles: TRIZ Keys to Technical Innovation. TRIZ Tools," Volume 1, First Edition, Technical Innovation Center, Inc. , Worcester, MA, January 1998; Y. Salamatov, "TRIZ: The Right Solution at the Right Time. A Guide to Innovative Problem Solving. " Insytec B. V. , 1999), the theory of inventive problem solving, together with a series of practical tools for helping engineers solving technical problems. Among these tools and theories, the substance-field theory gives a structured way of representing problems, the patterns of evolution show the lifecycle of technical systems, the contradiction matrix tells you how to resolve technical contradictions, using the forty principles that describe common ways of improving technical systems. For example, if you want to increase the strength of a device, without adding too much extra weight to it, the contradiction matrix tells you that you can use "Principle 1: Segmentation," or "Principle 8: Counterweight," or "Principle 15: Dynamicity," or "Principle 40: Composite Materials. " I really like two particular ones: "Principle 1: Segmentation," and Principle 15: Dynamicity. " "Segmentation" shows how systems evolve from an initial monolithic form into a set of independent parts, then eventually increasing the number of parts until each part becomes small enough that it cannot be identified anymore.
Table of ContentsIntelligent Reservoir Characterization.- 1. Seismic Characterization.- Prediction of Reservoir Properties by Monte Carlo Simulation and Artificial Neural Network in the Exploration Stage.- Application of Neural Networks in Determining Petrophysical Properties from Seismic Survey.- Mapping the Gas Column in an Aquifer Gas Storage with Neural Network Techniques.- Interval and Fuzzy Kriging Techniques Applied to Geological and Geophysical Variables.- Application of Self-Organizing Feature Maps to Reservoir Characterization.- 2. Well Logging.- Taking One Step Forward in Reservoir Characterization Using Artificial Neural Networks.- Inverting SP Logs Using Artificial Neural Networks and the Application in Reservoir Characterization.- Predicting Petrophysical Parameters in a Fuzzy Environment.- The Application of Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms to Reservoir Characterization and Modeling.- The Use of Soft Computing Techniques as Data Preprocessing and Postprocessing in Permeability Determination from Well Log Data.- A New Technique to Estimate the Hydrocarbon Saturation in Shaly Formations: A Field Example in the Bahariya Formation, Egypt.- 3. Numerical Geology.- Automated Reconstruction of a Basin Thermal History with Integrated Paleothermometry and Genetic Algorithm.- An Automatic Geophysical Inversion Procedure Using a Genetic Algorithm.- Statistical Pattern Recognition and Geostatistical Data Integration.- How to Improve Reservoir Characterization Models Using Intelligent Systems.- Regional Upscaling: A New Method to Upscale Heterogeneous Reservoirs for a Range of Force Regimes.- 4. Advanced Algorithms.- New Uncertainty Measures for Predicted Geological Properties from Seismic Attribute Calibration.- Rule Induction Algorithm for Application to Geological and Petrophysical Data.- Joint Lithologic Inversion.- Support Vector Machines for Classification and Mapping of Reservoir Data.- Non-parametric Covariance Modeling Using Fast Fourier Transform.- About the Editors.
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