Software Testing with Visual Studio 2010

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Overview

Use Visual Studio 2010’s Breakthrough Testing Tools to Improve Quality Throughout the Entire Software Lifecycle

Together, Visual Studio 2010 Ultimate, Visual Studio Test Professional 2010, Lab Management 2010, and Team Foundation Server offer Microsoft developers the most sophisticated, well-integrated testing solution they’ve ever had. Now, Microsoft MVP and VS testing guru Jeff Levinson shows exactly how to use Microsoft’s new tools to save time, reduce costs, and improve quality throughout the entire development lifecycle.

Jeff demonstrates how Microsoft’s new tools can help you finally overcome long-standing communication, coordination, and management challenges. You’ll discover how to perform first-rate functional testing; quickly create and execute tests and record the results with log files and video; and create bugs directly from tests, ensuring reproducibility and eliminating wasted time. Levinson offers in-depth coverage of Microsoft’s powerful new testing metrics, helping you ensure traceability all the way from requirements through finished software.

Coverage includes

• Planning your tests using Microsoft Test Manager (MTM)

• Creating test settings, structuring test cases, and managing the testing process

• Executing manual tests with Microsoft Test Manager and Test Runner

• Filing and resolving bugs, and customizing your bug reporting process

• Automating test cases and linking automated tests with requirements

• Executing automated test cases through both Visual Studio and Microsoft Test Manager

• Integrating automated testing into the build process

• Using Microsoft’s Lab Management virtualization platform to test applications, snapshot environments, and reproduce bugs

• Implementing detailed metrics for evaluating quality and identifying improvements

Whether you’re a developer, tester, manager, or analyst, this book can help you significantly improve the way you work and the results you deliver—both as an individual right now, and as a team member throughout your entire project.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

“Jeff Levinson has written a remarkable book. Remarkable because it distills a massive amount of information into a clear, readable book that will teach you how to best use the Visual Studio 2010 Testing Tools. Remarkable because it shows not just how to use the strengths of the tools, but also how to work around any of their weaknesses. Remarkable because Jeff walks you through the implementation strategies that can bring real business value, not just to the testing team, but also to test the entire organization. If you are implementing the test tools, this book belongs on your desk. My dog-eared and marked-up copy sits on mine.”

–Steven Borg, Owner, Northwest Cadence

“Testing–and testers–don’t get enough respect. By providing a great mix of the what, why, and how of testing with Visual Studio 2010, this book will help change that. More important, it will help make the software we use better.”

–David Chappell, Principal, Chappell & Associates

“Jeff has once again written a great book, filled with nice nuggets of testing wisdom. A great addition to your testing and ALM library for anyone using Visual Studio 2010 and Team Foundation Server 2010.”

–Mickey Gousset, Microsoft ALM MVP and Senior Technical Developer, Infront Consulting Group

“Jeff’s book is by far the most in-depth investigation of the Test features in Visual Studio ALM I have seen. His insight and experience help the readers understand the impact of poor testing and how they can improve the quality of their software. I particularly liked the obvious real-world understanding of the realities of software testing when applied in practice and the effort by the author to show the readers the ways around those realities.”

–Martin Hinshelwood, Visual Studio ALM MVP and Visual Studio ALM Ranger

“Software Testing defines much more than the usage of a testing tool; it shows the practical way in which we test at Microsoft Corporation. Additionally, this book provides the definitive process to using Microsoft Test Manager with the rigor that we test here at Microsoft.”

–Randy Miller, ALM Architect, Microsoft

“Jeff provides the rare combination of deep, insider knowledge of Microsoft’s 2010 testing tools coupled with pragmatic details about how to plan, manage, and execute testing in the real world.”

–Mark Mydland, Director of Test, Visual Studio Ultimate, Microsoft

“With Jeff’s extensive knowledge with Microsoft’s ALM offering, this book will get you started on the right track with all the new testing capabilities offered by the Visual Studio 2010 suite. Whether you are a new or veteran tester, the personal insights the author brings to the testing topic are very interesting and useful….”

–Etienne Tremblay, Microsoft ALM MVP

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780321734488
  • Publisher: Addison-Wesley
  • Publication date: 3/7/2011
  • Series: Microsoft .NET Development Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Pages: 336
  • Sales rank: 1,450,271
  • Product dimensions: 7.40 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Meet the Author

Jeff Levinson has 16 years of experience in software development in many different roles–developer, tester, architect, project manager, and scrum master at several large companies. Jeff is currently a Senior Application Lifecycle Management (ALM) Consultant for Northwest Cadence, which is a company that specializes in Team Foundation Server, Visual Studio, methodologies, and process improvement. In his day-to-day work, Jeff helps teams, organizations, and companies adopt more efficient processes, improve quality, and reduce costs associated with software development. Jeff is a frequent speaker at industry events and writes a twice-monthly column for Visual Studio Magazine Online. This is his fourth book on software development. His other books are Building Client/Server Applications with VB.NET (Apress 2003), Pro Visual Studio Team System 2005 (Apress 2006), and Pro Visual Studio Team System with Team Edition for Database Professionals (Apress 2007). Jeff has a master’s degree in software engineering from Carnegie Mellon University and is an MCP, MCAD, MCSD, MCDBA, and MCT.

Jeff currently lives in Washington State with his wife and two children.

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Table of Contents

Foreword xvii

Preface xxi

Acknowledgments xxix

About the Author xxxi

1 State of Testing 1

Software Testing Challenges 1

The Need for Testers 3

A Different Approach 5

Fixing Communication 5

Increasing Project Visibility 6

What Are the Tools Designed to Do? 7

Metrics 10

Citations 12

2 Software Quality and Testing Overview 13

Software Quality 13

Requirements 14

Business Value 14

Expectations 15

Nonfunctional Requirements 15

Where Do You Build Quality? 17

Process and Quality 19

Software Testing 19

The Testing Mindset 20

Software Testing Strategies 21

Types of Software Testing 22

Test Management 27

After the Product Is Shipped or Deployed 27

3 Planning Your Testing 29

Microsoft Test Manager 30

Test Plans 36

Properties 38

Contents 43

Adding Suites and Test Cases to Your Plan 46

Testing Configurations 48

Managing Test Configurations 49

Assigning Test Configurations 51

Assigning Testers 53

Test Case Planning Workflow 55

Analysis and Initial Design 56

Construction 61

User Acceptance Testing 62

Common Scenarios 64

Scheduling and Tracking Test Case Creation and Execution 64

Feature Driven Development 65

Moving from One Iteration to Another 67

Handling Different Test Configurations 68

4 Executing Manual Tests 71

Using the Test Case Work Item Type 72

Shared Steps 75

Data Driven Test Cases (Test Parameters) 77

Running Your First Tests 79

Test Runner 80

Examining Test Results 92

Test Run Results 93

Detailed Test Results 95

Exploratory Testing with MTM 101

5 Resolving Bugs 107

A Bug’s Life 107

Customer Reported Bug 110

Test Team Reported Bug 110

Triaging the Bug 110

Reactivations 111

Bug Differences and Modifications 111

The Generated Bug 116

How a Developer Uses IntelliTrace 120

Fixing the Bug 122

Associated Changesets 124

Associated Work Items 124

Impacted Tests 125

Setting the Build Quality 125

Assigning a New Build 127

Verifying That the Bug Is Fixed 129

Dealing with Impacted Tests 131

6 Automating Test Cases 135

To Automate or Not to Automate 136

The Automated Testing Framework 139

Creating an Automated Test from a Manual Test 141

Examining a Generated Web Application Coded UI Test 142

Adding Validations 157

Adding Additional Recorded Steps 164

Parameterized Coded UI Tests 166

Handling Issues Due to Inconsistency 168

Resolving the Data Inconsistency 169

Handling Dynamic Values 172

Other Tips 177

Combining Multiple Tests 178

Associating Coded UI Tests and Test Cases 178

7 Executing Automated Test Cases 183

Executing Automated Tests Through Visual Studio 183

Local Execution 184

Local Execution with Remote Collection 184

Remote Execution 185

Executing Automated Tests from the Command Line 190

Executing Automated Tests in MTM 191

Creating an Automated Build 191

Setting Up the Physical Environment 193

Running a Coded UI Test Through MTM 196

Executing Automated Tests with Team Build 202

Automated Testing Gotchas 205

Custom Dialogs 205

Cleaning Up Your Tests 207

8 Lab Management 209

Managing Virtual Environments Through MTM 210

Finishing Virtual Environment Configuration 217

Automated Test Settings 221

Lab Management Workflow 222

Executing a Lab Build 231

Running Automated Tests Through MTM 233

Manual Tests in a Virtual Environment 234

9 Reporting and Metrics 239

Understanding the Reporting Structure 240

Built-In Reports 242

Bug Status 244

Bug Trends 245

Reactivations 246

Build Quality Indicators 246

Build Success over Time 248

Build Summary 249

Stories Overview 250

Test Case Readiness 251

Test Plan Progress 252

Excel Services Reports (Dashboards) 253

Reporting with Microsoft Excel 254

Creating a Generated Report 255

The Testing Measures 256

Metrics 268

What to Measure 271

First-Time Defect Rate 273

Bug Reactivations 276

General Bug Counts 277

Index 283

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