Sol-Gel Materials: Chemistry and Applications / Edition 1

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Sol-Gel processing methods, first used historically for decorative and constructional materials, were extensively developed in the last century for applications such as glasses, ceramics, catalysts, coatings,
composites and fibres. Today they are reaching their full potential, enabling the preparation of new generations of advanced materials not easily accessible by other methods yet using mild, low-energy conditions. The topic is therefore increasingly included in advanced undergraduate, MSc and PhD programmes in the areas of chemistry, physics and materials science. This concise introductory text, written at the advanced undergraduate/first-year postgraduate level, is also suitable as an introduction to the development, mechanisms, chemistry, characterisation methods and applications of the technique. It provides readers with an extensive yet concise grounding in the theory of each area of the subject and details the real and potential applications and the future prospects of sol-gel chemistry.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
'This is an excellent book, not only because it is well-structured and written in a sharp and clear style, but also because it successfully summarises a vast and growing multi-disciplinary field.' - Chemistry & Industry
This textbook for advanced undergraduate and first-year graduate students provides an introduction to the development, mechanisms, chemistry, characterization techniques and applications of sol-gel processing methods. Wright (University of Kent) and Sommerdijk (Eindhoven University of Technology) explore the reaction mechanisms of silica sol-gels and metal oxide gels, then describe their applications in optics, sensors, catalysts, and electronic materials. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789056993269
  • Publisher: Taylor & Francis
  • Publication date: 12/21/2000
  • Series: Advanced Chemistry Texts Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 125
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 9.90 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

Ch. 1 Introduction 1
Colloid Stability 1
Control of Particle Nucleation 3
The Silicon Alkoxide Sol-Gel Process 3
Advantages of Sol-Gel Synthesis 4
Limitations of Sol-Gel Synthesis 5
The Historical Development of Sol-Gel Processing 6
Ch. 2 Silica Sol-Gels: Reaction Mechanisms 15
Hydrolysis 15
Condensation 19
Overall Kinetics of Hydrolysis and Condensation 20
Non-Hydrolytic Sol-Gel Processing 21
Gelation 22
Ageing 24
Drying 26
Densification 28
Ch. 3 The Chemistry of Sol-Gel Silicates 33
Chemical Control of the Sol-Gel Process 33
Additives for Structuring and Processing 37
Ormosils 41
Hybrid Materials 46
Surface Modification 48
Metal Oxide Gels 53
Hydrolysis and Condensation Reactions of Metal Salt Precursors 54
Effects of the Counter-Ion 59
Reactions of Metal Alkoxide Precursors 60
The Non-Hydrolytic Sol-Gel Method for Metal Oxides 63
Particle Growth and Aggregation 64
Preparation of Monodisperse Particles 66
Ch. 5 The Characterisation of Sol-Gel Materials 69
Chemical Characterisation 69
Physical Characterisation 72
Indirect Characterisation Methods 82
Ch. 6 Applications of Sol-Gel Silicates 85
Optical Materials 85
Chemical Sensors 89
Catalysts 91
Coatings 93
Membranes 94
Ch. 7 Applications of Metal Oxide Sol-Gels 97
Ceramics 97
Catalysts 99
Electronic Materials 101
Flammable Gas Sensors 104
Ch. 8 The Future 109
The Players 109
Market Prospects 109
Developments in Characterisation Methods 110
Composite Materials 110
New Precursors 111
New Processing Methods 111
Sol-Gel Supramolecular Chemistry 112
Index 115
Chemical Substance Index 121
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