Solar Eruptions and Energetic Particles

Overview

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series.

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are the most energetic events in the heliosphere. During solar cycle 23, the close connection between CMEs and solar energetic particles (SEPs) was studied in much greater detail than was previously possible, including effects on space weather.

This book reviews extensive observations of solar eruptions and SEPs from orbiting ...

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Overview

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series.

Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) are the most energetic events in the heliosphere. During solar cycle 23, the close connection between CMEs and solar energetic particles (SEPs) was studied in much greater detail than was previously possible, including effects on space weather.

This book reviews extensive observations of solar eruptions and SEPs from orbiting and ground-based systems. From SOHO and ACE to RHESSI and TRACE, we now have measurements of unprecedented sensitivity by which to test assumptions and refine models.

Discussion and analysis of:

  • Coronal mass ejections and energetic particles over one solar cycle
  • Implications of solar eruptions for space weather and human space exploration
  • The elemental, isotopic, and ionic charge state composition of accelerated particles
  • Complex interconnections among CMEs, flares, shocks, and energetic particles will make this book an indispensable resource for scientists working on the Sun-Earth connection, including space physicists, magnetospheric physicists, atmospheric physicists, astrophysicists, and aeronomists.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780875904306
  • Publisher: Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 1/10/2006
  • Series: Geophysical Monograph Series , #165
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 385
  • Product dimensions: 8.60 (w) x 10.80 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Overview

Preface
Natchimuthukonar Gopalswamy, Richard Mewaldt, and Jarmo Torsti ix

Solar Eruptions and Energetic Particles: An Introduction
N. Gopalswamy, R. Mewaldt, and J. Torsti 1

A Historical Perspective on Coronal Mass Ejections
R. A. Howard 7

Solar Energetic Particles and Coronal Mass Ejections: A Perspective
J. R. Jokipii 15

Coronal Mass Ejections

Observational Properties of Coronal Mass Ejections
S. W. Kahler 21

A Broad Perspective on Automated CME Tracking: Towards Higher Level Space Weather Forecasting
Eva Robbrecht and David Berghmans 33

Initiation of Coronal Mass Ejections
Ronald L. Moore and Alphonse C. Sterling 43

Magnetic Helicity and Coronal Mass Ejections
A. Nindos 59

Bursting the Solar Bubble: The Flare-Coronal Mass Ejection Relationship
Richard Harrison 73

Models of Solar Eruptions: Recent Advances From Theory and Simulations
Ilia I. Roussev and Igor V. Sokolov 89

Solar Energetic Particles

Solar Energetic Particles: An Overview
Tycho von Rosenvinge and Hilary V. Cane 103

The Source Material for Large Solar Energetic Particle Events
R. A. Mewaldt, C. M. S. Cohen, and G. M. Mason 115

Observations of Energy-Dependent Charge States in Solar Energetic Particles
M. A. Popecki 127

Modeling the Energy-Dependent Charge States of Solar Energetic Particles
Leon Kocharov 137

Solar Energetic Particle Composition
Berndt Klecker 147

Flares and Energetic Particles

Radiative Diagnoses of Energetic Particles
A. L. MacKinnon 157

Gamma Radiation From Flare-Accelerated Particles Impacting the Sun
Gerald H. Share and Ronald J. Murphy 177

Particle Acceleration in Solar Flares and Escape Into Interplanetary Space
Markus J. Aschwanden 189

Solar Energetic Electrons, X-rays, and Radio Bursts
R. P. Lin 199

CME-Driven Shocks and SEPs in the Heliosphere

Coronal Mass Ejections and Type II Radio Bursts
Nat Gopalswamy 207

EIT Waves and Coronal Shock Waves
G. Mann 221

Radio Bursts and Solar Energetic Particle Events
K.-L. Klein 233

Diffusive Ion Acceleration by CME-Driven Shocks
Martin A. Lee 245

Acceleration of SEPs: Role of CME-Associated Shocks and Turbulence
R. Vainio 253

Spectral and Compositional Characteristics of Gradual and Impulsive Solar Energetic Particle Events
Allan J. Tylka and Martin A. Lee 263

Observations of Energetic Storm Particles: An Overview
Christina M. S. Cohen 275

Fifty Years of Ground Level Solar Particle Event Observations
C. Lopate 283

The Propagation of Solar Energetic Particles in the Interplanetary Medium
Wolfgang Dröge 297

Radial and Latitudinal Variations of the Energetic Particle Response to ICMEs
David Lario 309

KET Ulysses Observations of SEP in and out of the Ecliptic
Alexei Struminsky and Bernd Heber 321

Space Weather

Geoeffective Coronal Mass Ejections and Energetic Particles
Eino Valtonen 335

The Creation of New Ion Radiation Belts Associated With Solar Energetic Particle Events and
Interplanetary Shocks
J. E. Mazur, J. B. Blake, P. L. Slocum, M. K. Hudson, and G. M. Mason 345

Energetic Particles in the Magnetosphere and Their Relationship to Solar Wind Drivers
I. Roth, M. K. Hudson, B. T. Kress, and K. L. Perry 353

Space Weather Challenges Intrinsic to the Human Exploration of Space
Ronald E. Turner 367

Space Weather: From Solar Eruptions to Magnetospheric Storms
Hannu E. J. Koskinen and K. Emilia J. Huttunen 375

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