Solar Influences on Global Change

Overview

Are variations in the energy generated by the Sun sufficient to modify the Earth's global environment at levels comparable to expected anthropogenic changes? Debated contentiously for more than a century, this question must now be posed with new urgency: the proper specification of natural global changes is a prerequisite for detecting anthropogenic impacts. Important advances over the past decade in our knowledge of the Sun and of the terrestrial responses to solar variability provides the basis for answering ...
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Washington, DC 1994 Trade paperback New. Trade paperback (US). Glued binding. 153 p. Audience: General/trade.

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Overview

Are variations in the energy generated by the Sun sufficient to modify the Earth's global environment at levels comparable to expected anthropogenic changes? Debated contentiously for more than a century, this question must now be posed with new urgency: the proper specification of natural global changes is a prerequisite for detecting anthropogenic impacts. Important advances over the past decade in our knowledge of the Sun and of the terrestrial responses to solar variability provides the basis for answering this question with unprecedented surety, but significant uncertainties remain. This book addresses current monitoring and understanding of solar influences on both the climate system and the ozone layer and prioritizes the research effort that will be needed to provide a sound scientific basis for policymaking related to global change issues.
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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A study that reviews the sun-Earth system and global change research, and details research on solar variations and climate change, solar variations and the middle and upper atmosphere, the Earth's near-space environment, and origins of solar variability. Discusses research strategies for monitoring solar forcing and terrestrial solar effects, and makes recommendations for research priorities. No index. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780309051484
  • Publisher: National Academies Press
  • Publication date: 1/1/1994
  • Pages: 180
  • Product dimensions: 6.03 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.49 (d)

Table of Contents

Executive Summary 1
1 Introduction 13
The Coupled Sun-Earth System 13
Global Change Research 20
Solar Influences on Global Change: A Major Scientific Research Element of the USGCRP 21
Objectives of the Report 22
2 Solar Variations and Climate Change 23
Total Solar Irradiance Variability 26
Solar Forcing of Climate Change 33
3 Solar Variations, Ozone, and the Middle Atmosphere 49
Solar Ultraviolet Radiation 53
Energetic Particles 58
Solar Forcing of the Middle Atmosphere 66
Ultraviolet Radiation Reaching the Biosphere 70
4 Solar Variations and the Upper Atmosphere 73
Solar EUV and UV Radiation 74
Auroral Particle and Electric Field Inputs 78
Global Currents and Electric Field Couplings 81
Solar Forcing and Global Change within the Upper Atmosphere 84
Couplings of the Upper Atmosphere to the Lower Atmosphere 85
5 Solar Variations and the Earth's Near-Space Environment 89
The Solar Wind and the Earth's Magnetosphere 90
Solar Eruptive Events and Geomagnetic Storms 91
Terrestrial Impacts 93
6 Understanding the Variable Sun 95
Origins of Solar Variability 96
Relationship between Solar Surface Structure and Energy from the Sun-as-a-Star 100
Requirements for Improved Understanding 107
7 Research Strategies 111
Monitoring Solar Forcing 112
Monitoring Terrestrial Solar Effects 119
Understanding Solar Influences on Global Change 122
Understanding and Predicting Solar Variability 126
Programmatic Approach 129
8 Recommendations 135
Scientific Rationale for Assigning Priorities 135
References 141
Acronyms 161
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