Solar Variability and Planetary Climates / Edition 1

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Variations in solar activity, as revealed by variations in the number of sunspots, have been observed since ancient times. To what extent changes in the solar output may affect planetary climates, though, remains today more than ever a subject of controversy. In 2000, the SSSI volume on Solar Variability and Climate reviewed the to-date understanding of the physics of solar variability and of the associated climate response. The present volume on Solar Variability and Planetary Climates provides an overview of recent advances in this field, with particular focus at the Earth's middle and lower atmosphere. The book structure mirrors that of the ISSI workshop held in Bern in June 2005, the collection of invited workshop contributions and of complementary introductory papers synthesizing the current understanding in key research areas such as middle atmospheric processes, stratosphere-troposphere dynamical coupling, tropospheric aerosols chemistry, solar storm influences, solar variability physics, and terrestrial climate analogues.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780387483399
  • Publisher: Springer New York
  • Publication date: 4/1/2007
  • Series: Space Sciences Series of ISSI, #23
  • Edition description: 2007
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 474
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword Paul J. Crutzen 1

Introduction J. D. Haigh 5

Section I Solar Output Variability

Assessing Solar Variability: Introductory Paper R.-M. Bonnet 17

Solar Variability of Possible Relevance for Planetary Climates S. K. Solanki N. A. Krivova 25

Measurement of Total and Spectral Solar Irradiance G. Rottman 39

Solar Irradiance Variability Since 1978: Revision of the PMOD Composite during Solar Cycle 21 C. Frohlich 53

Solar Variability Over the Past Several Millennia J. Beer M. Vonmoos R. Muscheler 67

Solar and Heliospheric Modulation of Galactic Cosmic Rays B. Heber H. Fichtner K. Scherer 81

What do Cosmogenic Isotopes Tell us About Past Solar Forcing of Climate? M. Lockwood 95

Section II Tropospheric Aerosols, Radiation Budget, and Changes

Observed Long-Term Variations of Solar Irradiance at the Earth's Surface A. Ohmura 111

Aerosol Effects on Clouds and Climate U. Lohmann 129

Satellite Observations of Natural and Anthropogenic Aerosol Effects on Clouds and Climate Y. J. Kaufman 139

Aerosol-Cloud Interactions Control of Earth Radiation and Latent Heat Release Budgets D. Rosenfeld 149

Atmospheric Ion-Induced Aerosol Nucleation J. Curtius E. R. Lovejoy K. D. Froyd 159

Atmospheric Aerosol and Cloud Condensation Nuclei Formation: A Possible Influence of Cosmic Rays? F. Arnold 169

Section III Climate Change: Detection and Attribution

On the Response of the Climate System to Solar Forcing: Introductory Paper L. Bengtsson 187

Detection and Attribution of Climate Change, and Understanding Solar Influence on Climate W. J. Ingram 199

The Climate Response to the Astronomical Forcing M. Crucifix M. F. Loutre A. Berger 213

RegionalResponse of the Climate System to Solar Forcing: The Role of the Ocean H. Goosse H. Renssen 227

Section IV Middle Atmospheric Response to Solar Variability

Discussion of the Solar UV/Planetary Wave Mechanism: Introductory Paper M. A. Geller 237

Solar Variation and Stratospheric Response K. Labitzke 247

Signature of the 11-Year Cycle in the Upper Atmosphere M.-L. Chanin 261

The Middle Atmospheric Ozone Response to the 11-Year Solar Cycle Y. Calisesi K. Matthes 273

Influence of the Solar Cycle on the General Circulation of the Stratosphere and Upper Troposphere M. L. Salby P. F. Callaghan 287

Multidecadal Signal of Solar Variability in the Upper Troposphere During the 20th Century S. Bronnimann T. Ewen T. Griesser R. Jenne 305

The Role of Dynamics in Solar Forcing K. Kodera 319

Solar Influences on Dynamical Coupling Between the Stratosphere and Troposphere J. D. Haigh M. Blackburn 331

The Response of the Middle Atmosphere to Solar Cycle Forcing in the Hamburg Model of the Neutral and Ionized Atmosphere H. Schmidt G. P. Brasseur 345

A Possible Transfer Mechanism for the 11-Year Solar Cycle to the Lower Stratosphere L. J. Gray S. A. Crooks M. A. Palmer C. L. Pascoe S. Sparrow 357

Section V Recent Space Data

Recent Space Data: Introductory Paper J. Langen 371

Satellite Measurements of Middle Atmospheric Impacts by Solar Proton Events in Solar Cycle 23 C. H. Jackman M. T. Deland G. J. Labow E. L. Fleming M. Lopez-Puertas 381

Impact of Solar Activity on Stratospheric Ozone and NO2 Observed by GOMOS/ENVISAT A. Hauchecorne J.-L. Bertaux R. Lallement 393

The Stratospheric and Mesospheric NOy in the 2002-2004 Polar Winters as Measured by MIPAS/ENVISAT M. Lopez-Puertas B. Funke T. Von Clarmann H. Fischer G. P. Stiller 403

Early Data from Aura and Continuity from Uars and Toms E. Hilsenrath M. R. Schoeberl A. R. Douglass P. K. Bhartia J. Barnett R. Beer J. Waters M. Gunson L. Froidevaux J. Gille P. F. Levelt 417

Section VI Planetary Science

What Do We Know About the Climate of Terrestrial Planets? Introductory Paper R.-M. Bonnet 431

Solar Variability and Climate Impact on Terrestrial Planets J.-L. Bertaux 435

Climate Variability on Venus and Titan F. W. Taylor 445

The Orbital Forcing of Climate Changes on Mars F. Montmessin 457

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