Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep: Exam CX-310-202 Part II [NOOK Book]

Overview

The Solaris 10 System Administrator Certification Exam Prep 2 is the ideal book for both new and seasoned system administrators. This book will give you the insight you need into the newest certification exams for system administrators, the 310-200 and the 310-202. It offers classroom-style training by one of the best and well-known authors in the Solaris world, Bill Calkins. It will equip you with vital knowledge for success on exam day plus it acts a reference guide that will come in handy after the test. The ...

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Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep: Exam CX-310-202 Part II

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Overview

The Solaris 10 System Administrator Certification Exam Prep 2 is the ideal book for both new and seasoned system administrators. This book will give you the insight you need into the newest certification exams for system administrators, the 310-200 and the 310-202. It offers classroom-style training by one of the best and well-known authors in the Solaris world, Bill Calkins. It will equip you with vital knowledge for success on exam day plus it acts a reference guide that will come in handy after the test. The content addresses all the new exam objectives in detail and will show you how to apply this knowledge to real-world scenarios.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780768689914
  • Publisher: Pearson Education
  • Publication date: 1/6/2006
  • Series: Exam Cram 2
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 1104
  • File size: 35 MB
  • Note: This product may take a few minutes to download.

Meet the Author

Bill Calkins is owner and president of Pyramid Consulting, a computer training and consulting firm specializing in the implementation and administration of Open Systems. He also is the owner of UnixEd.com, a web site that provides online UNIX training materials. Bill has more than 20 years of experience in UNIX system administration, consulting, and training at more than 100 different companies. He has authored several UNIX textbooks, which are currently best sellers and used by universities and training organizations worldwide, including the Solaris System 9 Systems Administrator Training Guide from Exam Cram.
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Read an Excerpt

IntroductionIntroduction

Bill Calkins has been training Solaris system administrators for more than 15 years. This book contains the training material that he uses in his basic and advanced Solaris administration courses that, over the years, have helped thousands of Solaris administrators become certified. This is our second edition of the Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep. It covers updates that Sun has made to the Solaris 10 operating environment as of the October 2008 release. It began with the Training Guide for Solaris 2.6, 7, 8, and 9 and is now the Exam Prep for Solaris 10. Instructors from universities and training organizations around the world have used the book as courseware in their Solaris administration courses. In addition, administrators from around the world have used this book for self-study when instruction from a Sun training center is either unavailable or not within their budget. Many of you have written with your success stories, suggestions, and comments. Your suggestions are what keep making this guide more valuable.

The Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep books, Parts I and II, provide training materials for anyone interested in becoming a Sun Certified System Administrator (SCSA) for Solaris 10. When used as a study guide, these two books will save you a great deal of time and effort searching for information you will need to know when taking the exam. Each book covers the exam objectives in enough detail for inexperienced administrators to learn the objectives and apply the knowledge to real-life scenarios. Experienced readers will find the material in these books complete and concise, making it a valuable study guide for the Sun Certified System Administrator exams.

This book is not a cheat sheet or cram session for the exam; it is a training manual. In other words, it does not merely give answers to the questions you will be asked on the exam. We have made certain that this book addresses the exam objectives in detail, from start to finish. If you are unsure about the objectives on the exams, this book teaches you what you need to know. After reading each chapter, assess your knowledge of the material covered using the review questions at the end of the chapter. When you have completed reading a section, use the practice exam at the end of the book and the ExamGear test engine on the CD-ROM to assess your knowledge of the objectives covered on each exam. This CD-ROM contains sample questions similar to what you are likely to see on the real exams. More sample questions are available at http://www.UnixEd.com, so make sure you visit this site to find additional training and study materials.

How This Book Helps You

This book teaches you advanced topics in administering the Solaris 10 operating system. It offers you a self-guided training course of all the areas covered on the CX-310-202 certification exam by installing, configuring, and administering the Solaris 10 operating environment. You will learn the specific skills that are required to administer a system and, specifically, to pass the second part of the Sun Certified System Administrator exam for Solaris 10 (CX-310-202). If you are an experienced administrator who is upgrading an existing Solaris certification, you’ll find in-depth coverage of the new topics you need to learn for the CX-310-203 upgrade exam in both the SCSA Solaris 10 OS CX-310-200 and CX-310-202 Exam Prep books.

Throughout the book, we provide helpful tips and real-world examples that we have encountered as system administrators. In addition, we provide useful, real-world exercises to help you practice the material you have learned. This book is set up as follows:

  • Organization: This book is organized according to individual exam objectives. Every objective you need to know to install, configure, and administer a Solaris 10 system is in this book. We have attempted to present the objectives in an order that is as close as possible to that listed by Sun. However, we have not hesitated to reorganize them as needed to make the material as easy as possible for you to learn. We have also attempted to make the information accessible in the following ways:
    • This book includes the full list of exam topics and objectives.
    • Read the “Study and Exam Prep Tips” element early on to help develop study strategies. This element provides you with valuable exam-day tips and information on exam/question formats such as adaptive tests and case study-based questions.
    • Each chapter begins with a list of the objectives to be covered, exactly as they are defined by Sun. Throughout each section, material that is directly related to the exam objectives is identified.
    • Each chapter also begins with an outline that provides you with an overview of the material and the page numbers where particular topics can be found.
  • Instructional features: This book is designed to provide you with multiple ways to learn and reinforce the exam material. The following are some of the helpful methods:
    • Objective explanations: As mentioned, each chapter begins with a list of the objectives covered in the chapter.
    • Study strategies: The beginning of each chapter also includes strategies for studying and retaining the material in the chapter, particularly as it is addressed on the exam.
    • Exam Alerts: Throughout each chapter you’ll find exam tips that will help you prepare for exam day. These tips were written by those who have already taken the Solaris 10 certification exams.
    • Key Terms: A list of key terms appears near the end of each chapter.
    • Notes: These contain various types of useful information, such as tips on technology or administrative practices, historical background on terms and technologies, or side commentary on industry issues.
    • Cautions: When you use sophisticated information technology, mistakes or even catastrophes are always possible because of improper application of the technology. Cautions alert you to such potential problems.
    • Step By Steps: These are hands-on lab exercises that walk you through a particular task or function relevant to the exam objectives.
    • Exercises: Found near the end of the chapters, exercises are performance-based opportunities for you to learn and assess your knowledge.
    • Suggested Reading and Resources: At the end of each chapter is a list of additional resources that you can use if you are interested in going beyond the objectives and learning more about the topics presented in the chapter.
  • Extensive practice test options: The book provides numerous opportunities for you to assess your knowledge and practice for the exam. The practice options include the following:
    • Exam questions: Each chapter ends with questions. They allow you to quickly assess your comprehension of what you just read in the chapter. Answers to the questions are provided in a separate element titled “Answers to Exam Questions.”
    • Practice exam: A practice exam is included in Part II, “Final Review,” for each exam (as discussed in a moment).
    • ExamGear: The ExamGear software included on the CD-ROM provides further practice questions.

    Note - ExamGear software  For a complete description of the ExamGear test engine, see Appendix A, “What’s on the CD-ROM.”

  • Final Review: This part of the book provides you with three valuable tools for preparing for the exam:
    • Fast Facts: This condensed version of the information contained in the book will prove extremely useful for last-minute review.
    • Practice Exam: A full practice exam is included, with questions written in styles similar to those used on the actual exam. Use the practice exam to assess your readiness for the real exam.
    • Answers to Practice Exam: This element provides the answers to the full practice exam, with detailed explanations. These should help you assess your strengths and weaknesses.
  • Appendixes: The book contains valuable appendixes as well, including a glossary and a description of what is on the CD-ROM (Appendix A).

These and all the other book features mentioned previously will enable you to thoroughly prepare for the exam.

Conventions Used in This Book

  • Commands: In the steps and examples, the commands you type are displayed in a special monospace font.
  • Arguments, options, and <cr>: In command syntax, command options and arguments are enclosed in < >. The words within the < > stand for what you will actually type. You don’t type the < >. The <cr> that follows the command means to press Enter. You don’t type the <cr>.
  • Using the mouse: When using menus and windows, you select items with the mouse. Here is the default mapping for a three-button mouse:

    Left button: Select

    Middle button: Transfer/adjust

    Right button: Menu

    You use the Select button to select objects and activate controls. The middle mouse button is configured for either Transfer or Adjust. By default, it is set up for Transfer, which means that you use this button to drag or drop list or text items. You use the left mouse button to highlight text, and then you use the middle button to move the text to another window or to reissue a command. The middle button can also be used to move windows around on the screen. You use the right mouse button, the Menu button, to display and choose options from pop-up menus.

  • Menu options: The names of menus and the options that appear on them are separated by a comma. For example, “Select File, Open” means to pull down the File menu and choose the Open option.
  • Code continuation character: When a line of code is too long to fit on one line of the book, it is broken and continued to the next line. The continuation is preceded by a backslash.
Audience

This book is the second book in a series designed for anyone who has a basic understanding of UNIX and wants to learn more about Solaris system administration. Whether or not you plan to become certified, the Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep books, Part I and Part II, are the starting point to becoming a Solaris System Administrator. It’s the same training material that the author uses in his Solaris 10 Intermediate and Advanced System Administration courses. This book covers advanced system administration topics you need to know before you begin administering the Solaris operating system. Our goal is to present the material in an easy-to-follow format, with text that is easy to read and understand. The only prerequisite is that you have read my Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep Part I book.

This book is intended for experienced system administrators who want to become certified, update their current Solaris certification, or simply learn about the features of the Solaris 10 operating environment. To pass the CX-310-202 and CX-310-203 certification exams, you need a solid understanding of the fundamentals of administering Solaris 10. This book helps you review the fundamentals required to pass the certification exam.

The Sun Certified System Administrator Exams

To become a Sun Certified System Administrator, you need to pass two exams: CX-310-200 (Part I) and CX-310-202 (Part II). This book covers the material on the Part II exam. You must pass the CX-310-200 exam before taking the CX-310-202 exam. You will not receive a certificate until you have passed both examinations. Also, if you are already certified in Solaris 2.6, 7, 8, or 9, you need to know the material covered in this book as well as in Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep: CX-310-200 Part I to take the upgrade exam, CX-310-203, to become certified on Solaris 10.

Beware of fakes. We have seen some websites promoting their own certification programs, so be sure to evaluate them carefully. Certification programs promoted by these sites are not the same as the Sun certification program. You will not receive a certificate from Sun until you pass Sun’s exams from a certified Sun testing center. Go to my website (http://www.UnixEd.com) for links to the real exams and information on Sun’s certification program if you are in doubt. In addition, feel free to visit our online Solaris certification discussion forum at http://www.UnixEd.com, where you can ask me questions directly.

Summary

It’s not uncommon for Sun to change the exam objectives or to shift them around after the exams have been published. We highly recommend that before you begin reading this book, you visit my website at http://www.UnixEd.com to get the most up-to-date list of exam objectives, the errata for this book, up-to-date sample exam questions, and any other last-minute notes about these exams. We will provide all the information you need to pass the exam—all you need to do is devote the time. Learning the objectives is the first step; the next step is to practice. You need access to both SPARC and x86/x64-based systems running Solaris 10 so that you can practice what you have learned. Unless you have a supernatural memory, it’s difficult to pass the exams without practice.

In the back of this book is the ExamGear software test CD that will prepare you for the questions you might see on the exam. The CD-ROM-based test engine was designed by educational experts to help you learn as you test. It is a preview of the types of questions to expect on the exams and tests your knowledge of all the exam objectives. If you are weak in any area, the sample questions will help you identify that area so that you can go back to the appropriate chapter and study the topic. Each question on the CD-ROM has a flash card to help you in case you get stuck. This flash card contains brief, concise textbook excerpts that explain why each answer is correct so that you can learn as you test.

Also, for an additional cost, you can purchase more questions for the ExamGear test engine from our website. You’ll receive hundreds of questions that will take you deep into each exam objective. This will give you a comprehensive skills assessment and help you evaluate your readiness and retention of the materials.

Advice on Taking the Exam

More extensive tips are found in the “Study and Exam Prep Tips” element and throughout the book, but keep in mind the following advice as you study for the exam:

  • Read all the material. This book includes information not reflected in the exam objectives to better prepare you for the exam and for real-world experiences. Read all the material to benefit from this.
  • Do the step-by-step lab exercises and complete the exercises in each chapter. This will help you gain experience and prepare you for the scenario-type questions that you will encounter.
  • Use the questions to assess your knowledge. Each chapter contains review questions and exam questions. Use these to asses your knowledge and determine where you need to review material.
  • Review the exam objectives. Develop your own questions and examples for each topic listed. If you can develop and answer several questions for each topic, you should not find it difficult to pass the exam.
  • Relax and sleep before taking the exam. The time for taking the examination is limited. However, if you have prepared and you know Solaris network administration, you will have plenty of time to answer all the questions. Be sure to sleep well the night before the exam because of the stress that the time limitations put on you.
  • Review all the material in the “Fast Facts” element the night before or the morning you take the exam.
  • If you don’t know the answer to a question, just skip it and don’t waste time. You need to complete the exam in the time allotted. Don’t be lazy during the examination; answer all the questions as quickly as possible. Any unfinished questions will be marked incorrect.
  • Visit my website, http://www.UnixEd.com. It contains the following:
    • Late-breaking changes that Sun might make to the exam or the objectives. You can expect Sun to change the exams frequently. Make sure you check my website before taking the exam.
    • A FAQs page with frequently asked questions and errata regarding this book or the exams.
    • Links to other informative websites.
    • Additional practice questions and sample exams for the ExamGear test engine. The ExamGear test engine has hundreds of questions that you can use to further assess your retention of the material presented in the book. The exams feature electronic flash cards that take the place of those sticky notes that you’ve used as bookmarks throughout the book. Don’t attempt the real exam until you can pass every section of the practice exams with a 95% or better score.
    • An online forum where you can discuss certification-related issues with me and other system administrators, including some who have already taken the exam.
    • Additional study materials, training programs, and online seminars related to Solaris certification.
    • You can also email me directly from this website with questions or comments about this book. I always try to answer each one.

When you feel confident, take the real exams and become certified. Don’t forget to drop me an email and let me know how you did on the exam (guru@UnixEd.com).

© Copyright Pearson Education. All rights reserved.

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Table of Contents

Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep (CX-310-200 & CX-310-202) Table of Contents

  • Introduction
    • How This Book Helps You
    • Conventions Used in This Book
    • Audience
    • The Sun Certified System Administrator Exams
    • Exam CX-310-200
      • Manage File Systems
      • Install Software
      • Perform System Boot Procedures
      • Perform User and Security Administration
      • Manage Network Printers and System Processes
      • Perform System Backups and Restores
    • Exam CX-310-202
      • Describe Network Basics
      • Manage Virtual File Systems and Core Dumps
      • Manage Storage Volumes
      • Control Access and Configure System Messaging
      • Set Up Naming Services
      • Solaris Zones
      • Perform Advanced Installation Procedures
    • Exam CX-310-203 (Solaris 10 Upgrade Exam)
    • Summary
    • Advice on Taking the Exam
  • Study and Exam Prep Tips
    • Learning as a Process
    • Study Tips
      • Study Strategies
      • Pre-Testing Yourself
    • Exam Prep Tips
      • Putting It All Together

Part I: Exam Preparation

  • Chapter One: Managing File Systems
    • Introduction
    • Device Drivers
    • Physical Device Name
    • Device Autoconfiguration
    • USB Devices
    • Instance Names
    • Major and Minor Device Numbers
    • Logical Device Name
      • Block and Raw Devices
    • A File System Defined
    • Defining a Disk's Geometry
      • Disk Controllers
      • Defect List
      • Disk Labels
      • Partition Tables
    • Solaris File System Types
      • Disk-Based File Systems
      • Network-Based File Systems
      • Virtual File Systems
    • Disk Slices
      • Displaying Disk Configuration Information
      • Using the
        format
        Utility to Create Slices
      • The Free Hog Slice
      • Using the
        format
        Utility to Modify Partitions
      • Using the Solaris Management Console Disks Tool
      • Recovering Disk Partition Information
      • Logical Volumes
    • Parts of a UFS
    • The Root (/) File System
      • Soft (Symbolic) Links
      • Hard Links
      • Removing a Link
    • Components of the UFS
      • The Boot Block
      • The Superblock
      • Cylinder Groups
      • The inode
      • The Storage Block
      • Free Blocks
    • Creating a UFS
    • Understanding Custom File System Parameters
      • Logical Block Size
      • Fragment Size
      • Minimum Free Space
      • Optimization Type
      • Number of inodes and Bytes per inode
      • The
        mkfs
        Command
      • The
        fstyp
        Command
    • File System Operations
      • Synchronizing a File System
      • Repairing File Systems
      • The
        labelit
        Command
      • The
        volcopy
        Command
    • Tuning File Systems
    • Mounting File Systems
      • Mounting a File System with Large Files
      • Mounting a File System with UFS Logging Enabled
    • Unmounting a File System
      • The
        fuser
        Command

      • /etc/mnttab
    • Volume Management
      • Using Volume Management
      • Troubleshooting Volume Manager
      • Displaying a File System's Disk Space Usage
      • Displaying Directory Size Information
    • Information on File Systems
      • Controlling User Disk Space Usage
      • The
        quot
        Command
    • Summary
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Review Questions
    • Suggested Readings and Resources
  • Chapter Two: Installing the Solaris 10 Operating Environment
    • Introduction
    • Installing the Solaris 10 Software
    • Requirements and Preparation for Installing the Solaris 10 Software
      • Minimum System Requirements
    • Software Terminology
      • Software Packages
      • Software Groups
      • Solaris Media
      • System Configuration to Be Installed
    • Disk Storage
      • Basic Considerations for Planning Partition (Slice) Sizes
      • Slice Arrangements on Multiple Disks
    • Methods of Installing the Solaris 10 Software
      • Solaris Interactive Installation
      • JumpStart
      • Custom JumpStart
      • Solaris Flash Archives
      • WAN Boot
      • Solaris Live Upgrade
    • Upgrading the Operating System
    • The Solaris Installation Prechecklist
      • Using the Interactive Installation Process (
        suninstall
        )
      • Configuring Power Management
    • Tools for Managing Software
    • Adding and Removing Software Packages
    • Using a Spool Directory
      • Installing Software from the Command Line
      • Removing Software Using
        pkgrm
      • Solaris Product Registry
      • Web Start Installer
    • Listing and Verifying Installed Packages
    • Software Patches
    • Installing a Patch
      • Installing a Patch
      • Removing a Patch
    • Patch Manager (
      smpatch
      )
    • Patch Tool
    • General Guidelines
    • Summary
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
      • Suggested Readings and Resources
  • Chapter Three: Perform System Boot and Shutdown Procedures
    • Introduction
    • Booting a System
      • Powering On the System
      • The Boot PROM and Program Phases
    • The OpenBoot Environment
      • Entry-Level to High-End Systems
      • Accessing the OpenBoot Environment
      • System Control Switch
      • OpenBoot Firmware Tasks
    • The OpenBoot Architecture
    • The OpenBoot Interface
    • Getting Help in OpenBoot
    • PROM Device Tree (Full Device Pathnames)
      • OpenBoot Device Aliases
    • OpenBoot NVRAM
      • The
        nvedit
        Line Editor
    • OpenBoot Security
    • OpenBoot Diagnostics
      • Input and Output Control
    • OpenBoot PROM Versions
    • Booting a System
      • The
        boot
        Command
    • The Kernel
    • The
      init
      Phase
      • The Solaris Management Facility (SMF) Service
      • Using the Run Control Scripts to Stop or Start Services
    • System Shutdown
      • Commands to Shut Down the System
      • Stopping the System for Recovery Purposes
      • Turning Off the Power to the Hardware
    • Summary
      • Exercises
      • Review Questions
      • Answers to Review Questions
    • Suggested Readings and Resources
  • Chapter Four: User and Security Administration
    • Introduction
    • Administering User Accounts
      • Managing User and Group Accounts with the SMC
      • Managing User and Group Accounts from the Command Line
    • Setting Up Shell Initialization Files
      • C Shell Initialization Files
      • Bourne Shell Initialization Files
      • Korn Shell Initialization Files
      • Additional Shells Included with Solaris 10
      • Default Initialization Files
      • Customizing User Initialization Files
      • The Home Directory
      • Projects
      • Name Services
    • System Security
      • Controlling Physical Security
      • Controlling System Access
      • Controlling File Access
    • Access Control Lists (ACLs)
      • Setting ACL Entries
      • Checking the New File Permissions
      • Verifying ACL Entries
      • Copying a File's ACL to Another File
      • Modifying ACL Entries on a File
      • Deleting ACL Entries from a File
      • Auditing Users
      • Controlling Network Security
      • Securing Superuser Access
    • The Secure Shell (
      ssh
      )
    • ASET
    • Common-Sense Security Techniques
    • Summary
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Reading and Resources
  • Chapter Five: Managing System Processes
    • Introduction
    • Viewing a Process

      • pgrep

      • prstat
      • Process Manager
      • SMC Process Tool

      • pargs

      • svcs
    • Process Types
    • Using Signals
    • Scheduling Processes
    • Scheduling Priorities
      • Changing the Priority of a Time-Sharing Process with
        nice
      • Changing the Scheduling Priority of Processes with
        priocntl
      • Fair Share Scheduler (FSS) and the Fixed Scheduler (FX)
    • Using the Solaris Batch-Processing Facility
      • Configuring
        crontab
      • Scheduling a Single System Event (
        at
        )
      • Job Scheduler
    • Summary
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Reading and Resources
  • Chapter Six: Managing the LP Print Service
    • The LP Print Service
    • The Solaris Print Service
      • LP Print Service Directories
      • The Print Spooler
      • The LP Print Daemons
    • Setting Up the Printer Hardware
      • Ethernet Connections
      • Parallel Connections
      • Serial Connections
      • USB Connections
    • Setting Up a Network Printer
      • BSD Versus SVR4 Printing Software
      • Print Servers Versus Print Clients
      • Configuring Software for a Solaris Printer
    • Administering Printers
      • Deleting Printers and Managing Printer Access
      • Creating Printer Classes
      • Checking Printer Status
      • Managing Printer Queues
      • Restarting the Print Scheduler
      • Setting a User's Default Printer
      • Modifying the Printer with Print Manager
      • Troubleshooting the Print Scheduler
    • Summary
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Reading and Resources
  • Chapter Seven: Performing System Backups and Restorations
    • Introduction
    • Backup Media
      • Tape Device Names
    • Solaris Backup and Restoration Utilities
      • The
        tar
        Utility
      • The
        dd
        Utility
      • The
        cpio
        Utility
      • The
        pax
        Utility
      • The
        ufsdump
        Utility
      • The
        ufsrestore
        Utility
      • Recovering the Root (/) or /usr File System
      • Additional Notes About Restoring Files
    • The
      fssnap
      Utility

    • zip
      and
      unzip
    • Solaris Flash Archive
    • The
      jar
      Utility
    • Summary
    • Apply Your Knowledge
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Reading and Resources
  • Chapter Eight: The Solaris Network Environment
    • Introduction
    • Network Fundamentals
      • Network Topologies
      • Network Protocols and Network Models
      • Encapsulation and Decapsulation
      • Packets
      • Ethernet
      • Network Hardware
      • IPv4 Addressing
      • IPv6
    • Network Interfaces
      • Controlling and Monitoring an IPv4 Network Interface
      • Configuring an IPv4 Network Interface
      • Changing the System Hostname
    • Network Services
    • Network Maintenance
    • Summary
    • Apply Your Knowledge
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Reading and Resources
  • Chapter Nine: Virtual File Systems, Swap Space, and Core Dumps
    • Introduction
    • The Swap File System
      • Swap Space and TMPFS
      • Sizing Swap Space
      • Monitoring Swap Resources
      • Setting Up Swap Space
    • Core File Configuration
    • Crash Dump Configuration
    • NFS
      • NFS Version 4
      • Servers and Clients
      • NFS Daemons
      • Setting Up NFS
      • Mounting a Remote File System
      • NFS Server Logging
    • AutoFS
      • AutoFS Maps
      • When to Use automount
    • Summary
      • Key Terms
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Reading and Resources
  • Chapter Ten: Managing Storage Volumes
    • Introduction
    • RAID
      • RAID 0
      • RAID 1
      • RAID 5
      • RAID 1+0
    • Solaris Volume Manager (SVM)
      • SVM Volumes
      • Planning Your SVM Configuration
      • Metadisk Driver
      • SVM Commands
      • Creating the State Database
      • Monitoring the Status of the State Database
      • Creating a Concatenated Volume
      • Monitoring the Status of a Volume
      • Creating a Soft Partition
      • Expanding an SVM Volume
      • Creating a Mirror
      • Unmirroring a Non-Critical File System
      • Mirroring the Root File System
      • Unmirroring the Root File System
    • Veritas Volume Manager
    • Summary
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Reading and Resources
  • Chapter Eleven: Controlling Access and Configuring System Messaging
    • Introduction
    • Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)
      • Using RBAC
      • RBAC Components

    • syslog
      • Using the
        logger
        Command
    • Summary
      • Review Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Readings and Resources
  • Chapter Twelve: Naming Services
    • Introduction
    • Name Services Overview
      • The Name Service Switch File

    • /etc
      Files
    • NIS
      • The Structure of the NIS Network
      • Determining How Many NIS Servers You Need
      • Determining Which Hosts Will Be NIS Servers
      • Information Managed by NIS
      • Planning Your NIS Domain
      • Configuring an NIS Master Server
      • Setting Up NIS Clients
      • Setting Up NIS Slave Servers
      • Creating Custom NIS Maps
      • NIS Security
      • Troubleshooting NIS
    • NIS+
      • Hierarchical Namespace
      • NIS+ Security
      • Authentication
      • Authorization
    • DNS
      • Configuring the DNS Client
    • Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
      • Sun Java System Directory Server
    • Name Service Cache Daemon (
      nscd
      )
    • The getent Command
    • Summary
    • Key Terms
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Reading and Resources
  • Chapter Thirteen: Solaris Zones
    • Introduction
    • Consolidation and Resource Management
      • Consolidation
    • Solaris Zones
      • Types of Zones
      • Zone Features
      • Non-Global Zone Root File System Models
      • Networking in a Zone Environment
      • Zone Daemons
      • Configuring a Zone
      • Viewing the Zone Configuration
      • Installing a Zone
      • Booting a Zone
      • Halting a Zone
      • Rebooting a Zone
      • Uninstalling a Zone
      • Deleting a Zone
      • Zone Login
      • Creating a Zone
    • Summary
      • Review Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Reading and Resources
  • Chapter Fourteen: Advanced Installation Procedures
    • Introduction
    • JumpStart
      • Preparing for a Custom JumpStart Installation
      • What Happens During a Custom JumpStart Installation?
      • The Boot Server
      • The Install Server
      • The Configuration Server
      • The Rules File

      • begin
        and
        finish
        Scripts
      • Creating
        class
        Files
      • Testing Class Files

      • sysidcfg
        File
      • Setting Up JumpStart in a Name Service Environment
      • Setting Up Clients
      • Troubleshooting JumpStart
      • A Sample JumpStart Installation
    • Solaris Flash
      • Creating a Flash Archive
      • Using the Solaris Installation Program to Install a Flash Archive
      • Solaris Flash and JumpStart
    • Preboot Execution Environment (PXE)
      • Preparing for a PXE Boot Client
      • Booting the x86 Client
    • Summary
      • Exercises
      • Exam Questions
      • Answers to Exam Questions
    • Suggested Reading and Resources

Part II: Final Review

  • Fast Facts
    • Section 1–Exam CX-310-200
    • Managing File Systems
      • Devices and Drivers
      • Instance Names
      • File Systems
      • Creating a UFS
      • Volume Management
    • Installing the Solaris 10 Operating Environment
      • Tools for Managing Software
      • Software Patches
    • System Startup and Shutdown
      • OpenBoot Environment
      • The Kernel
      • Commands to Shut Down the System
    • User and Security Administration
      • Shells and Initialization Files
      • System Security
      • Protecting Data
      • Access Control Lists (ACLs)
      • Monitoring Users
      • Network Security
      • Restricting Root Access
    • Managing Processes
      • Using the
        kill
        Command
      • Projects and Tasks
    • Managing the LP Print Service
      • The LP Print Daemons
    • Performing System Backups and Restorations
    • Section 2–Exam CX-310-202
    • The Solaris Network Environment
      • Network Definitions and Hardware
      • Network Classes
      • Configuring Network Interfaces
      • Changing the System Hostname
    • Virtual File Systems, Swap Space, and Core Dumps
      • Swap Space
      • Core File and Crash Dump Configuration
      • Network File System (NFS)
      • Autofs
    • Managing Storage Volumes
      • RAID (Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks)
      • The State Database
    • Controlling Access and Configuring System Messaging
      • Role-Based Access Control (RBAC)
    • Naming Services

      • /etc
        Files
      • NIS
      • NIS+
      • DNS
      • Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
    • Solaris Zones
    • Advanced Installation Procedures
      • JumpStart
      • Solaris Flash
  • Practice Exam
    • Practice Exam Questions
    • Practice Exam Answers

Glossary

Index


© Copyright Pearson Education. All rights reserved.

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Preface

IntroductionIntroduction

Bill Calkins has been training Solaris system administrators for more than 15 years. This book contains the training material that he uses in his basic and advanced Solaris administration courses that, over the years, have helped thousands of Solaris administrators become certified. This is our second edition of the Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep. It covers updates that Sun has made to the Solaris 10 operating environment as of the October 2008 release. It began with the Training Guide for Solaris 2.6, 7, 8, and 9 and is now the Exam Prep for Solaris 10. Instructors from universities and training organizations around the world have used the book as courseware in their Solaris administration courses. In addition, administrators from around the world have used this book for self-study when instruction from a Sun training center is either unavailable or not within their budget. Many of you have written with your success stories, suggestions, and comments. Your suggestions are what keep making this guide more valuable.

The Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep books, Parts I and II, provide training materials for anyone interested in becoming a Sun Certified System Administrator (SCSA) for Solaris 10. When used as a study guide, these two books will save you a great deal of time and effort searching for information you will need to know when taking the exam. Each book covers the exam objectives in enough detail for inexperienced administrators to learn the objectives and apply the knowledge to real-life scenarios. Experienced readers will find the material in these books complete and concise, making it avaluable study guide for the Sun Certified System Administrator exams.

This book is not a cheat sheet or cram session for the exam; it is a training manual. In other words, it does not merely give answers to the questions you will be asked on the exam. We have made certain that this book addresses the exam objectives in detail, from start to finish. If you are unsure about the objectives on the exams, this book teaches you what you need to know. After reading each chapter, assess your knowledge of the material covered using the review questions at the end of the chapter. When you have completed reading a section, use the practice exam at the end of the book and the ExamGear test engine on the CD-ROM to assess your knowledge of the objectives covered on each exam. This CD-ROM contains sample questions similar to what you are likely to see on the real exams. More sample questions are available at http://www.UnixEd.com, so make sure you visit this site to find additional training and study materials.

How This Book Helps You

This book teaches you advanced topics in administering the Solaris 10 operating system. It offers you a self-guided training course of all the areas covered on the CX-310-202 certification exam by installing, configuring, and administering the Solaris 10 operating environment. You will learn the specific skills that are required to administer a system and, specifically, to pass the second part of the Sun Certified System Administrator exam for Solaris 10 (CX-310-202). If you are an experienced administrator who is upgrading an existing Solaris certification, you’ll find in-depth coverage of the new topics you need to learn for the CX-310-203 upgrade exam in both the SCSA Solaris 10 OS CX-310-200 and CX-310-202 Exam Prep books.

Throughout the book, we provide helpful tips and real-world examples that we have encountered as system administrators. In addition, we provide useful, real-world exercises to help you practice the material you have learned. This book is set up as follows:


  • Organization: This book is organized according to individual exam objectives. Every objective you need to know to install, configure, and administer a Solaris 10 system is in this book. We have attempted to present the objectives in an order that is as close as possible to that listed by Sun. However, we have not hesitated to reorganize them as needed to make the material as easy as possible for you to learn. We have also attempted to make the information accessible in the following ways:
  • This book includes the full list of exam topics and objectives.
  • Read the “Study and Exam Prep Tips” element early on to help develop study strategies. This element provides you with valuable exam-day tips and information on exam/question formats such as adaptive tests and case study-based questions.
  • Each chapter begins with a list of the objectives to be covered, exactly as they are defined by Sun. Throughout each section, material that is directly related to the exam objectives is identified.
  • Each chapter also begins with an outline that provides you with an overview of the material and the page numbers where particular topics can be found.
  • Instructional features: This book is designed to provide you with multiple ways to learn and reinforce the exam material. The following are some of the helpful methods:
  • Objective explanations: As mentioned, each chapter begins with a list of the objectives covered in the chapter.
  • Study strategies: The beginning of each chapter also includes strategies for studying and retaining the material in the chapter, particularly as it is addressed on the exam.
  • Exam Alerts: Throughout each chapter you’ll find exam tips that will help you prepare for exam day. These tips were written by those who have already taken the Solaris 10 certification exams.
  • Key Terms: A list of key terms appears near the end of each chapter.
  • Notes: These contain various types of useful information, such as tips on technology or administrative practices, historical background on terms and technologies, or side commentary on industry issues.
  • Cautions: When you use sophisticated information technology, mistakes or even catastrophes are always possible because of improper application of the technology. Cautions alert you to such potential problems.
  • Step By Steps: These are hands-on lab exercises that walk you through a particular task or function relevant to the exam objectives.
  • Exercises: Found near the end of the chapters, exercises are performance-based opportunities for you to learn and assess your knowledge.
  • Suggested Reading and Resources: At the end of each chapter is a list of additional resources that you can use if you are interested in going beyond the objectives and learning more about the topics presented in the chapter.
  • Extensive practice test options: The book provides numerous opportunities for you to assess your knowledge and practice for the exam. The practice options include the following:
  • Exam questions: Each chapter ends with questions. They allow you to quickly assess your comprehension of what you just read in the chapter. Answers to the questions are provided in a separate element titled “Answers to Exam Questions.”
  • Practice exam: A practice exam is included in Part II, “Final Review,” for each exam (as discussed in a moment).
  • ExamGear: The ExamGear software included on the CD-ROM provides further practice questions.
  • Note - ExamGear software  For a complete description of the ExamGear test engine, see Appendix A, “What’s on the CD-ROM.”

  • Final Review: This part of the book provides you with three valuable tools for preparing for the exam:
  • Fast Facts: This condensed version of the information contained in the book will prove extremely useful for last-minute review.
  • Practice Exam: A full practice exam is included, with questions written in styles similar to those used on the actual exam. Use the practice exam to assess your readiness for the real exam.
  • Answers to Practice Exam: This element provides the answers to the full practice exam, with detailed explanations. These should help you assess your strengths and weaknesses.
  • Appendixes: The book contains valuable appendixes as well, including a glossary and a description of what is on the CD-ROM (Appendix A).

These and all the other book features mentioned previously will enable you to thoroughly prepare for the exam.

Conventions Used in This Book
  • Commands: In the steps and examples, the commands you type are displayed in a special monospace font.
  • Arguments, options, and <cr>: In command syntax, command options and arguments are enclosed in < >. The words within the < > stand for what you will actually type. You don’t type the < >. The <cr> that follows the command means to press Enter. You don’t type the <cr>.
  • Using the mouse: When using menus and windows, you select items with the mouse. Here is the default mapping for a three-button mouse:
  • Left button: Select

    Middle button: Transfer/adjust

    Right button: Menu

    You use the Select button to select objects and activate controls. The middle mouse button is configured for either Transfer or Adjust. By default, it is set up for Transfer, which means that you use this button to drag or drop list or text items. You use the left mouse button to highlight text, and then you use the middle button to move the text to another window or to reissue a command. The middle button can also be used to move windows around on the screen. You use the right mouse button, the Menu button, to display and choose options from pop-up menus.

  • Menu options: The names of menus and the options that appear on them are separated by a comma. For example, “Select File, Open” means to pull down the File menu and choose the Open option.
  • Code continuation character: When a line of code is too long to fit on one line of the book, it is broken and continued to the next line. The continuation is preceded by a backslash.
Audience

This book is the second book in a series designed for anyone who has a basic understanding of UNIX and wants to learn more about Solaris system administration. Whether or not you plan to become certified, the Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep books, Part I and Part II, are the starting point to becoming a Solaris System Administrator. It’s the same training material that the author uses in his Solaris 10 Intermediate and Advanced System Administration courses. This book covers advanced system administration topics you need to know before you begin administering the Solaris operating system. Our goal is to present the material in an easy-to-follow format, with text that is easy to read and understand. The only prerequisite is that you have read my Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep Part I book.

This book is intended for experienced system administrators who want to become certified, update their current Solaris certification, or simply learn about the features of the Solaris 10 operating environment. To pass the CX-310-202 and CX-310-203 certification exams, you need a solid understanding of the fundamentals of administering Solaris 10. This book helps you review the fundamentals required to pass the certification exam.

The Sun Certified System Administrator Exams

To become a Sun Certified System Administrator, you need to pass two exams: CX-310-200 (Part I) and CX-310-202 (Part II). This book covers the material on the Part II exam. You must pass the CX-310-200 exam before taking the CX-310-202 exam. You will not receive a certificate until you have passed both examinations. Also, if you are already certified in Solaris 2.6, 7, 8, or 9, you need to know the material covered in this book as well as in Solaris 10 System Administration Exam Prep: CX-310-200 Part I to take the upgrade exam, CX-310-203, to become certified on Solaris 10.

Beware of fakes. We have seen some websites promoting their own certification programs, so be sure to evaluate them carefully. Certification programs promoted by these sites are not the same as the Sun certification program. You will not receive a certificate from Sun until you pass Sun’s exams from a certified Sun testing center. Go to my website (http://www.UnixEd.com) for links to the real exams and information on Sun’s certification program if you are in doubt. In addition, feel free to visit our online Solaris certification discussion forum at http://www.UnixEd.com, where you can ask me questions directly.

Summary

It’s not uncommon for Sun to change the exam objectives or to shift them around after the exams have been published. We highly recommend that before you begin reading this book, you visit my website at http://www.UnixEd.com to get the most up-to-date list of exam objectives, the errata for this book, up-to-date sample exam questions, and any other last-minute notes about these exams. We will provide all the information you need to pass the exam—all you need to do is devote the time. Learning the objectives is the first step; the next step is to practice. You need access to both SPARC and x86/x64-based systems running Solaris 10 so that you can practice what you have learned. Unless you have a supernatural memory, it’s difficult to pass the exams without practice.

In the back of this book is the ExamGear software test CD that will prepare you for the questions you might see on the exam. The CD-ROM-based test engine was designed by educational experts to help you learn as you test. It is a preview of the types of questions to expect on the exams and tests your knowledge of all the exam objectives. If you are weak in any area, the sample questions will help you identify that area so that you can go back to the appropriate chapter and study the topic. Each question on the CD-ROM has a flash card to help you in case you get stuck. This flash card contains brief, concise textbook excerpts that explain why each answer is correct so that you can learn as you test.

Also, for an additional cost, you can purchase more questions for the ExamGear test engine from our website. You’ll receive hundreds of questions that will take you deep into each exam objective. This will give you a comprehensive skills assessment and help you evaluate your readiness and retention of the materials.

Advice on Taking the Exam

More extensive tips are found in the “Study and Exam Prep Tips” element and throughout the book, but keep in mind the following advice as you study for the exam:

  • Read all the material. This book includes information not reflected in the exam objectives to better prepare you for the exam and for real-world experiences. Read all the material to benefit from this.
  • Do the step-by-step lab exercises and complete the exercises in each chapter. This will help you gain experience and prepare you for the scenario-type questions that you will encounter.
  • Use the questions to assess your knowledge. Each chapter contains review questions and exam questions. Use these to asses your knowledge and determine where you need to review material.
  • Review the exam objectives. Develop your own questions and examples for each topic listed. If you can develop and answer several questions for each topic, you should not find it difficult to pass the exam.
  • Relax and sleep before taking the exam. The time for taking the examination is limited. However, if you have prepared and you know Solaris network administration, you will have plenty of time to answer all the questions. Be sure to sleep well the night before the exam because of the stress that the time limitations put on you.
  • Review all the material in the “Fast Facts” element the night before or the morning you take the exam.
  • If you don’t know the answer to a question, just skip it and don’t waste time. You need to complete the exam in the time allotted. Don’t be lazy during the examination; answer all the questions as quickly as possible. Any unfinished questions will be marked incorrect.
  • Visit my website, http://www.UnixEd.com. It contains the following:
  • Late-breaking changes that Sun might make to the exam or the objectives. You can expect Sun to change the exams frequently. Make sure you check my website before taking the exam.
  • A FAQs page with frequently asked questions and errata regarding this book or the exams.
  • Links to other informative websites.
  • Additional practice questions and sample exams for the ExamGear test engine. The ExamGear test engine has hundreds of questions that you can use to further assess your retention of the material presented in the book. The exams feature electronic flash cards that take the place of those sticky notes that you’ve used as bookmarks throughout the book. Don’t attempt the real exam until you can pass every section of the practice exams with a 95% or better score.
  • An online forum where you can discuss certification-related issues with me and other system administrators, including some who have already taken the exam.
  • Additional study materials, training programs, and online seminars related to Solaris certification.
  • You can also email me directly from this website with questions or comments about this book. I always try to answer each one.

When you feel confident, take the real exams and become certified. Don’t forget to drop me an email and let me know how you did on the exam (guru@UnixEd.com).


© Copyright Pearson Education. All rights reserved.

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  • Anonymous

    Posted June 28, 2006

    Very poor Prep book

    A good informational book that gives general info about Solaris 10. After reading and making notes through out the first 7 chapters (in paration for the CX-310-200 exam)I went back and took the chapter exams and passed with an average of 93%. However, The CX-310-200 exam contains quite alot of questions about x86/64 and not alot of info is displayed in this book. Needless to say I was far from a passing grade. A knowledge of 93% of this book does not equal 61% for the exam. Do not rely on this book alone for 'Preping'.

    1 out of 1 people found this review helpful.

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