Soldiers and Civilians: The Civil-Military Gap and American National Security

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Soldiers and Civilians analyzes the emerging civil-military "gap" in the United States, drawing on a major survey of military officers, civilian leaders, and the general public. The book's contributors, leading scholars of defense policy,find that numerous schisms have undermined civil-military cooperation and harmed military effectiveness.

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Meet the Author

Peter Feaver is Associate Professor of Political Science at Duke University and Director of the Triangle Institute for Security Studies.

Richard H. Kohn is Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.

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Table of Contents

Introduction: The Gap Between Military and Civilian in the United States in Perspective 1
Pt. I The Growing Gap 13
Ch. 1 Of Chasms and Convergences: Attitudes and Beliefs of Civilians and Military Elites at the Start of a New Millennium 15
Ch. 2 Attitudes and Opinions Among Senior Military Officers and a U.S. Cross-Section, 1998-99 101
Ch. 3 Uncertain Confidence: Civilian and Military Attitudes about Civil-Military Relations 129
Ch. 4 Attitudes of Entry-Level Enlisted Personnel: Pro-Military and Politically Mainstreamed 163
Pt. II Changes in Civil-Military Gaps Over Time 213
Ch. 5 The American Civil-Military Cultural Gap: A Historical Perspective, Colonial Times to the Present 215
Ch. 6 The Military's Presence in American Society, 1950-2000 247
Ch. 7 Vanishing Veterans: The Decline of Military Experience in the U.S. Congress 275
Ch. 8 Explaining the Gap: Vietnam, the Republicanization of the South, and the End of the Mass Army 289
Pt. III Implications for Military Effectiveness and Civil-Military Cooperation 325
Ch. 9 Military Interests and Civilian Politics: The Influence of the Civil-Military "Gap" on Peacetime Military Policy 327
Ch. 10 Do Military Policies on Gender and Sexuality Undermine Combat Effectiveness? 361
Ch. 11 Military Professionalism and Policymaking: Is There a Civil-Military Gap at the Top? If So, Does it Matter? 403
Ch. 12 The Unequal Dialogue: The Theory and Reality of Civil-Military Relations and the Use of Force 429
Ch. 13 Conclusion: The Gap and What It Means for American National Security 459
Technical: Triangle Institute for Security Studies Survey on the Military in the Post-Cold War Era 475
Bibliography 497
About the Authors 529
Name Index 533
Subject Index 541
About the Belfer Center for Sciences and International Affairs 548
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