Soldiers, Citizens, And The Symbols Of War / Edition 1

Soldiers, Citizens, And The Symbols Of War / Edition 1

by Antonio Santosuosso
     
 

ISBN-10: 081333277X

ISBN-13: 9780813332772

Pub. Date: 09/01/1997

Publisher: Westview Press


In this comprehensive overview of ancient warfare, Antonio Santosuosso explores how the tactical and strategic concepts of warfare changed between the beginning of the fifth century b.c. and the middle of the second century b.c. and why the West—Greece, Macedonia, and Rome—triumphed over the East—understood geographically as Persia or ideologically…  See more details below

Overview


In this comprehensive overview of ancient warfare, Antonio Santosuosso explores how the tactical and strategic concepts of warfare changed between the beginning of the fifth century b.c. and the middle of the second century b.c. and why the West—Greece, Macedonia, and Rome—triumphed over the East—understood geographically as Persia or ideologically as Carthage. He also shows how the role of warrior related to the role of citizen and how the symbols and propaganda stemming from war emphasized and promoted the values of Western societies.When considering the evolving role of the citizen as warrior, Santosuosso finds that these roles were indistinguishable from each other in the earlier stages of classical Greece. The Peloponnesian War, however, challenged this system by introducing new army types, such as mercenaries, peltasts, and light infantry. Soon after, Macedonia introduced the cavalry, thrusting it, along with heavy infantry, into a place of prominence and diminishing the complementary roles of citizen and warrior typical of earlier times. Later, the advent of the Roman legion continued this evolution, altering again the place of the citizen in ancient society.Rich in analysis, Soldiers, Citizens, and the Symbols of War is a valuable and accessible source for students of ancient warfare and classical society and provides thorough coverage of the major battles of antiquity—Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, Plataea, Sphacteria, Leuctra, Granicus, Issus, Gaugamela, Synoscephalae, Pydna, Trebia, Cannae, Ilipa, and Zama.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780813332772
Publisher:
Westview Press
Publication date:
09/01/1997
Series:
History and Warfare
Edition description:
REV
Pages:
288
Sales rank:
970,475
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x (d)
Lexile:
1570L (what's this?)

Table of Contents

List of Figures
Acknowledgments
Introduction1
1Close Array and Pointed Spears: The Ways of the Greek Phalanx7
War Among the Greeks7
Weapons and Armor of the Hoplite9
The Hoplite in Battle12
2First Blood on the Plain of Marathon24
Prologue24
The Battle30
3Greeks, Persians, and the Symbols of War39
A New Invasion39
Thermopylae42
Salamis50
Plataea58
The Persian Army66
Why the Persians Lost72
The Symbols of the Victorious74
4Rich, Poor, and the Wages of War at the End of the Classical Period82
Sailors and Social Status82
Spartan Society84
The Mercenary System88
Hoplites and Light Infantrymen93
Thebes's Challenge of Spartan Supremacy102
5Footmen, Horsemen, and the Symbols of Military Might110
The Macedonian Army110
The Ways of Alexander: Granicus, Issus, and Gaugamela120
The Keys of Alexander's Success136
Religion, Warfare, and Political Power143
6A Phalanx with Joints: The Romans and the Heirs of Alexander148
Warfare After Alexander148
The Roman Military System150
War as a Social Organism158
The Legion Versus the Phalanx160
Hannibal as Alexander's Heir168
Hannibal's Pupil: Scipio Africanus184
The Deification of the Military Leader198
Conclusion201
Glossary209
List of Abbreviations211
Notes212
Selected Bibliography251
About the Book and Author266
Index267

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