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Soldiers, Citizens, And The Symbols Of War / Edition 1

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Overview


In this comprehensive overview of ancient warfare, Antonio Santosuosso explores how the tactical and strategic concepts of warfare changed between the beginning of the fifth century b.c. and the middle of the second century b.c. and why the West—Greece, Macedonia, and Rome—triumphed over the East—understood geographically as Persia or ideologically as Carthage. He also shows how the role of warrior related to the role of citizen and how the symbols and propaganda stemming from war emphasized and promoted the values of Western societies.When considering the evolving role of the citizen as warrior, Santosuosso finds that these roles were indistinguishable from each other in the earlier stages of classical Greece. The Peloponnesian War, however, challenged this system by introducing new army types, such as mercenaries, peltasts, and light infantry. Soon after, Macedonia introduced the cavalry, thrusting it, along with heavy infantry, into a place of prominence and diminishing the complementary roles of citizen and warrior typical of earlier times. Later, the advent of the Roman legion continued this evolution, altering again the place of the citizen in ancient society.Rich in analysis, Soldiers, Citizens, and the Symbols of War is a valuable and accessible source for students of ancient warfare and classical society and provides thorough coverage of the major battles of antiquity—Marathon, Thermopylae, Salamis, Plataea, Sphacteria, Leuctra, Granicus, Issus, Gaugamela, Synoscephalae, Pydna, Trebia, Cannae, Ilipa, and Zama.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780813332772
  • Publisher: Westview Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/1997
  • Series: History and Warfare
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 288
  • Lexile: 1570L (what's this?)
  • Product dimensions: 0.65 (w) x 6.00 (h) x 9.00 (d)

Meet the Author


Antonio Santosuosso is professor of history at the University of Western Ontario .
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Table of Contents

List of Figures
Acknowledgments
Introduction 1
1 Close Array and Pointed Spears: The Ways of the Greek Phalanx 7
War Among the Greeks 7
Weapons and Armor of the Hoplite 9
The Hoplite in Battle 12
2 First Blood on the Plain of Marathon 24
Prologue 24
The Battle 30
3 Greeks, Persians, and the Symbols of War 39
A New Invasion 39
Thermopylae 42
Salamis 50
Plataea 58
The Persian Army 66
Why the Persians Lost 72
The Symbols of the Victorious 74
4 Rich, Poor, and the Wages of War at the End of the Classical Period 82
Sailors and Social Status 82
Spartan Society 84
The Mercenary System 88
Hoplites and Light Infantrymen 93
Thebes's Challenge of Spartan Supremacy 102
5 Footmen, Horsemen, and the Symbols of Military Might 110
The Macedonian Army 110
The Ways of Alexander: Granicus, Issus, and Gaugamela 120
The Keys of Alexander's Success 136
Religion, Warfare, and Political Power 143
6 A Phalanx with Joints: The Romans and the Heirs of Alexander 148
Warfare After Alexander 148
The Roman Military System 150
War as a Social Organism 158
The Legion Versus the Phalanx 160
Hannibal as Alexander's Heir 168
Hannibal's Pupil: Scipio Africanus 184
The Deification of the Military Leader 198
Conclusion 201
Glossary 209
List of Abbreviations 211
Notes 212
Selected Bibliography 251
About the Book and Author 266
Index 267
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