Overview

Solid Biomechanics is the first book to comprehensively review the mechanical design of organisms. With a physical approach and a minimum of mathematics, the textbook introduces readers to the world of structural mechanics and sheds light on the dazzling array of mechanical adaptations that link creatures as dissimilar as bacteria, plants, and animals. Exploring a wide range of subjects in depth, from spider silks and sharkskin to climbing plants and human food processing, this immensely accessible text ...

See more details below
Solid Biomechanics

Available on NOOK devices and apps  
  • NOOK Devices
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK 7.0
  • Samsung Galaxy Tab 4 NOOK 10.1
  • NOOK HD Tablet
  • NOOK HD+ Tablet
  • NOOK eReaders
  • NOOK Color
  • NOOK Tablet
  • Tablet/Phone
  • NOOK for Windows 8 Tablet
  • NOOK for iOS
  • NOOK for Android
  • NOOK Kids for iPad
  • PC/Mac
  • NOOK for Windows 8
  • NOOK for PC
  • NOOK for Mac
  • NOOK for Web

Want a NOOK? Explore Now

NOOK Book (eBook - Course Book)
$38.49
BN.com price
(Save 42%)$67.50 List Price

Overview

Solid Biomechanics is the first book to comprehensively review the mechanical design of organisms. With a physical approach and a minimum of mathematics, the textbook introduces readers to the world of structural mechanics and sheds light on the dazzling array of mechanical adaptations that link creatures as dissimilar as bacteria, plants, and animals. Exploring a wide range of subjects in depth, from spider silks and sharkskin to climbing plants and human food processing, this immensely accessible text demonstrates that the bodies of animals and plants are masterpieces of engineering, enabling them to survive in a hostile world.

The textbook describes how organisms construct materials from limited components, arrange materials into efficient structures that withstand different types of stresses, and interact mechanically with their environment. Looking at practical and historical aspects of the subject, the book delves into how the mechanics of organisms might be applied to other engineering scenarios and considers the ways structural biomechanics could and should develop in the future if more is to be learned about the form and function of organisms. Solid Biomechanics will be useful to all those interested in how organisms work, from biologists and engineers to physicists and students of biomechanics, bionics, and materials science.

  • The first comprehensive review of the structural mechanics of organisms
  • Introduces the subject using a physical approach involving minimal mathematics
  • Three complementary sections: materials, structures, and mechanical interactions of organisms
  • Links the dazzling array of mechanical adaptations seen in widely differing organisms
  • Practical and historical approach shows how mechanical adaptations have been discovered and how readers can perform their own investigations
Read More Show Less

Editorial Reviews

Choice
Solid Biomechanics is an interesting overview of the biomechanics of a number of different systems ranging from human tissues to mollusks to plants. Ennos uses only a minimal amount of mathematics to describe the physics of these systems, which makes the book more accessible to an average reader. . . . A useful work that will help stimulate interest in the subject of biomechanics.
BioScience
Solid Biomechanics is very well constructed, and its themes are readily accessible. The book is well illustrated with clear and effective line drawings and graphs, and its lucid text is supplemented by a useful eight-page glossary of terms used in engineering, physics, and biology. . . . It is noteworthy that Ennos has effectively confined himself to the mechanics of solids in biological systems, although it is clear that he is familiar with fluid dynamics, the mechanics of locomotion, and energetics. Others have written in this area, but his is the most comprehensive monograph so far. For me, the book works.
— Henry Bennet-Clark
BioScience - Henry Bennet-Clark
Solid Biomechanics is very well constructed, and its themes are readily accessible. The book is well illustrated with clear and effective line drawings and graphs, and its lucid text is supplemented by a useful eight-page glossary of terms used in engineering, physics, and biology. . . . It is noteworthy that Ennos has effectively confined himself to the mechanics of solids in biological systems, although it is clear that he is familiar with fluid dynamics, the mechanics of locomotion, and energetics. Others have written in this area, but his is the most comprehensive monograph so far. For me, the book works.
Physics Today - Jennifer Clarke
If you're looking for an engaging and insightful introduction to the mechanical world of living organisms, Roland Ennos's Solid Biomechanics is the book for you. . . . Ennos introduces the basic mathematics without losing the reader in complex formalisms. That feature makes Solid Biomechanics a highly accessible work for both undergraduate students in biomechanics, physics, biology, and engineering and scientists looking at the structure of living organisms.
From the Publisher
"Solid Biomechanics is an interesting overview of the biomechanics of a number of different systems ranging from human tissues to mollusks to plants. Ennos uses only a minimal amount of mathematics to describe the physics of these systems, which makes the book more accessible to an average reader. . . . A useful work that will help stimulate interest in the subject of biomechanics."Choice

"Solid Biomechanics is very well constructed, and its themes are readily accessible. The book is well illustrated with clear and effective line drawings and graphs, and its lucid text is supplemented by a useful eight-page glossary of terms used in engineering, physics, and biology. . . . It is noteworthy that Ennos has effectively confined himself to the mechanics of solids in biological systems, although it is clear that he is familiar with fluid dynamics, the mechanics of locomotion, and energetics. Others have written in this area, but his is the most comprehensive monograph so far. For me, the book works."—Henry Bennet-Clark, BioScience

"If you're looking for an engaging and insightful introduction to the mechanical world of living organisms, Roland Ennos's Solid Biomechanics is the book for you. . . . Ennos introduces the basic mathematics without losing the reader in complex formalisms. That feature makes Solid Biomechanics a highly accessible work for both undergraduate students in biomechanics, physics, biology, and engineering and scientists looking at the structure of living organisms."—Jennifer Clarke, Physics Today

"This easily readable book, written as a primer for undergraduates on both biological and engineering courses, provides a wide range of examples that illustrate the different mechanical properties of biological materials and various mechanisms and adaptations of a host of floral and faunal organisms."—Alex Waller, Biologist

"This is a remarkably useful resource book for anyone interested in functional ecology; at the very least order it for your library."—Peter Thomas, Bulletin of the British Ecology Society

Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781400840649
  • Publisher: Princeton University Press
  • Publication date: 10/10/2011
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Edition description: Course Book
  • Pages: 264
  • File size: 4 MB

Meet the Author

Roland Ennos is a reader in ecology at the University of Manchester. He is the author of "Trees".
Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Preface xi
Acknowledgments xiii

PART 1 Understanding Elasticity

Chapter 1: The Properties of Materials 3
Forces: Dynamics and Statics 3
Investigating the Mechanical Properties of Materials 4
Determining Material Properties 7
Loading, Unloading, and Energy Storage 8
The Effect of Direction 11
Changes in Shape during Axial Loading 11
Shear 12
Performing Material Tests 14
Failure and Breaking 17
Stress Concentrations and Notch Sensitivity 17
Energy Changes and the Work of Fracture 19
Measuring Work of Fracture 21
Comparing the Properties of Materials 24

PART 2 Biological Materials

Chapter 2: Biological Rubbers 29
The Problem of Raw Materials 29
Biological Polymers 30
The Shape and Behavior of Random-Coil Chains 32
The Structure and Mechanical Properties of Rubbers 32
Biological Protein Rubbers 35
Resilin 35
Abductin 37
Elastin 38

Chapter 3: Complex Polymers 42
The Mechanics of Polymers 42
Investigating Polymer Behavior 44
A Typical Polymer: Sea Anemone Mesoglea 46
Mucus and Gels 48
Making Protein Polymers Stiffer 51
Silks 53

Chapter 4: Polymer Composites 59
Combining Materials 59
The Behavior of Soft Composites 59
Natural Soft Composites 62
Rigid Composites 66
Keratinous Structures 68
The Theory of Fillers and Discontinuous Composites 74
Insect Cuticle 75
The Plant Cell Wall 79
Wood 80

Chapter 5: Composites Incorporating Ceramics 83
The Advantages of Incorporating Minerals 83
Spicule-Reinforced Connective Tissue 83
Bone 84
Tooth Ceramics 88
Mollusk Shell 89
PART 3 Biological Structures

Chapter 6: Tensile Structures 95
An Introduction to Structures 95
Ropes and Strings 95
Using Multiple Ropes 97
Membranes, Skins, and Plates 98
Resisting Out-of-Plane Forces 102
Stresses in Pipes, Cylinders, and Spheres 103
The Design of Arteries 105
The Design of Lungs 107
The Design of Swim Bladders 108
The Design of Gas Vesicles 109

Chapter 7: Hydrostatic Skeletons 111
The Advantages of Being Pressurized 111
Cartilage 111
The Hydrostatic Skeletons of Plants 112
Cylindrical Pressure Vessels 113
Pressure Vessels with Orthogonal Fibers 113
Muscular Hydrostats 115
Helically Wound Cylinders 115
Helical Fibers to Control Growth and Shape 116
Helical Fibers as Muscle Antagonists 119
Fibers as Limits to Movement 121

Chapter 8: Structures in Bending 123
The Complexity of Bending 123
Simple Beam Theory 123
The Four-Point Bending Test 125
The Three-Point Bending Test 126
The Consequences of Simple Beam Theory 128
Fracture in Bending 134
Shear in Beams 135
The Consequences of Shear 138
Biological Trusses 139
Optimal Taper and the Scaling of Cantilever Beams 143

Chapter 9: Structures in Compression 147
Material Failure in Compression 147
Structural Failure in Compression 147
The Buckling of Struts 148
Buckling within Structures 152
Cork 157

Chapter 10: Structures in Torsion 159
Torsional Stresses and Strains 159
Torsion Tests 160
The Effect of Cross Section 162
Designs That Resist Torsion 162
Designs That Facilitate Torsion 163
The Mechanics of Spiral Springs 165
The Torsional Rigidity of Plates 166

Chapter 11: Joints and Levers 170
Support and Flexibility 170
Passive Movement in Plants 170
Active Movement in Plants 171
Hinges in Animals 172
Moving Joints 175

PART 4 Mechanical Interactions

Chapter 12: Attachments 183
Holding On 183
Hooking On 183
Attachments to Soft Substrates 184
Attachments to Particulate Substrates 185
Attachments to Hard, Flat Surfaces 189

Chapter 13: Interactions with the Mechanical Environment 198
Optimizing Design for Strength 198
Factors of Safety 198
How Optimization is Achieved 201

Chapter 14: Mechanical Interactions between Organisms 206
Biotic Interactions 206
The Mechanics of Climbing Plants 206
The Mechanics of Fungal Hyphae and Appressoria 209
Plant Defenses against Fungi 210
Food Processing by Animals 210
Adaptations of Potential Food 212
Other Biotic Interactions 215
PART 5 Looking Forward

Chapter 15: The Future of Structural Biomechanics 219
Successes 219
Limitations and Future Developments 219
New Frontiers for Biomechanics 222

Glossary 223
References 231
Index 247

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Be the first to write a review
( 0 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(0)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously

    If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
    Why is this product inappropriate?
    Comments (optional)