Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences

Sorting Things Out: Classification and Its Consequences

by Geoffrey C. Bowker, Susan Leigh Star, Susan Leigh Star
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0262522950

ISBN-13: 9780262522953

Pub. Date: 08/28/2000

Publisher: MIT Press

What do a seventeenth-century mortality table (whose causes of death include "fainted in a bath," "frighted," and "itch"); the identification of South
Africans during apartheid as European, Asian, colored, or black; and the separation of machine- from hand-washables have in common? All are examples of classification
-- the scaffolding of information

Overview

What do a seventeenth-century mortality table (whose causes of death include "fainted in a bath," "frighted," and "itch"); the identification of South
Africans during apartheid as European, Asian, colored, or black; and the separation of machine- from hand-washables have in common? All are examples of classification
-- the scaffolding of information infrastructures.

In
Sorting Things Out, Geoffrey C. Bowker and Susan Leigh Star explore the role of categories and standards in shaping the modern world. In a clear and lively style, they investigate a variety of classification systems, including the International Classification of Diseases, the Nursing Interventions
Classification, race classification under apartheid in South Africa, and the classification of viruses and of tuberculosis.

The authors emphasize the role of invisibility in the process by which classification orders human interaction. They examine how categories are made and kept invisible, and how people can change this invisibility when necessary. They also explore systems of classification as part of the built information environment. Much as an urban historian would review highway permits and zoning decisions to tell a city's story,
the authors review archives of classification design to understand how decisions have been made. Sorting Things Out has a moral agenda, for each standard and category valorizes some point of view and silences another. Standards and classifications produce advantage or suffering. Jobs are made and lost; some regions benefit at the expense of others. How these choices are made and how we think about that process are at the moral and political core of this work. The book is an important empirical source for understanding the building of information infrastructures.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262522953
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
08/28/2000
Series:
Inside Technology
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
389
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.85(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction: To Classify Is Human

1 Some Tricks of the Trade in Analyzing Classification
I Classification and LargeScale Infrastructures
2 The Kindness of Strangers: Kinds and Politics in
Classification Systems
3 The ICD as Information Infrastructure
4 Classification, Coding, and Coordination
II Classification and Biography, or System and Suffering
5 Of Tuberculosis and Trajectories
6 The Case of Race Classification and Reclassification under
Apartheid
III Classification and Work Practice
7 What Difference a Name Makesthe Classification of Nursing
Work
8 Organizational Forgetting, Nursing Knowledge, and
Classification
IV The Theory and Practice of Classifications
9 Categorical Work and Boundary Infrastructures: Enriching
Theories of Classification
10 Why Classifications Matter

Notes
References
Name IndeX
Subject IndeX

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