Source Book of Medical History

Overview


Dr. Clendening, who was Professor of the History of Medicine at the University of Kansas, brings together in this work the most significant medical writings of 4,000 years. One hundred twenty-four papers by 120 authors are presented in chronological order, each with an introduction and short biography of its author. They cover almost every area of medical thought and practice — pathology, asepsis, preventive medicine, bacteriology, physiology, etc. — from the Egyptian Kahun Papyrus of 1900 B.C. to W. C. ...
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Overview


Dr. Clendening, who was Professor of the History of Medicine at the University of Kansas, brings together in this work the most significant medical writings of 4,000 years. One hundred twenty-four papers by 120 authors are presented in chronological order, each with an introduction and short biography of its author. They cover almost every area of medical thought and practice — pathology, asepsis, preventive medicine, bacteriology, physiology, etc. — from the Egyptian Kahun Papyrus of 1900 B.C. to W. C. Roentgen's discovery of X-rays. Dr. Clendening has carefully selected the important sections of each paper, to save you reading time. Several of these works were specially translated for this collection.
This book will give anybody interested in medicine a view of his profession unequalled for its immediacy. He will witness the dramatic growth of knowledge and skills, with each advance announced by its originator, each great concept presented in its original form. The breadth of these writings alone makes this book unique. An additional feature is the inclusion of selections from non-medical literature, showing lay views of medicine at different ages. Here are accounts of Greek medicine by Aristophanes, Plato, and Thucydides; of Arabian medicine from the Arabian Nights; glimpses of contemporary medical life by Chaucer, Molière, Dickens, Thackeray, and others.
"A notable service . . . useful to teacher and student alike." — American Historical Review. "Every item is worthy of inclusion." — American Journal of Public Health.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780486206219
  • Publisher: Dover Publications
  • Publication date: 6/1/1960
  • Pages: 704
  • Sales rank: 1,425,412
  • Product dimensions: 5.40 (w) x 7.99 (h) x 1.38 (d)

Table of Contents

PREFACE
I. THE EGYPTIAN PAPYRI
    Kahun Papyrus
    Edwin H. Smith Papyrus
    Ebers Papyrus
II. THE CULT OF AESCULAPIUS
    "Homer: "Illiad"
    "Herondas: "Mimes"
    "Aristophanes: "Plutus"
    "Plato: "Pheaedo"
III. HIPPOCRATES
    The Oath
    "Aphorisms"
    "Prognostics"
    "Epidemics"
    "Prognostics"
IV. THUCYDIDES
    "History of the Peloponnesian War"
V. ARISTOTLE
    "Parts of Animals"
VI. THE FOUR HUMOURS
    "Empedocles: "Poem on Nature"
    "Hippocrates: "On the Constitution of Man"
    "Galen: "On Habits"
VII. GALEN
    "On the Pulse"
    "De Locis Affectis"
    "On the Natural Faculties"
    "On Anatomical Procedure"
    "On Prognostics"
VIII. ARETAEUS THE CAPPADOCIAN
    "On the Causes and Symptoms of Acute Diseases"
    "On the Therapeutics of Acute Diseases"
    "On the Causes and Symptoms of Chronic Diseases"
IX. CELSUS
    "On Medical Subjects"
X. DIOSCORIDES
    "Materia Medica"
XI. ARABIC MEDICINE
    "The Arabian Nights"
    "Avicenna: "Canon of Medicine"
    "Rhazes: "Treatise on the Smallpox and Measles"
XII. THE MIDDLE AGES
    The School of Salerno
    "John of Gaddesden: "Rosa Anglica"
    "John of Arderne: "De Arte Phisicali"
    "Bartholomew Anglicus: "On the Properties of Things"
    "Guy de Chauliac: "On Wounds and Fractures"
    "Chaucer: "Doctor of Physic"
XIII. PARACELSUS
    "Seven Arguments"
XIV. FRACASTORIUS
    "On Contagion, Contagious Diseases and Their Cure"
    "Syphilis, or the French Disease"
XV. ANATOMY
    "Mondino di Lucci: "Anatomy"
    "Leonardo da Vinci: "The Notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci"
    "Andreas Vesalius: "The Fabric of the Human Body"
XVI. WILLIAM HARVEY
    "On the Motion of the Heart an Blood in Animals"
XVII. OBSTETRICS
    "Eucharius Röslin: "The Byrthe of Mankynde"
    "Hugh Chamberlen: "The Diseases of Woman with Child"
    "Fielding Ould: "A Treatise on Midwifery"
    "Carl Siegmund Franz Credé: "The Prophylactic Treatment of Ophthalmia Neonatorum"
    "John Stearns: "The Introduction of Ergot"
XVIII. AMBROISE PARÉ
    "On Wounds Made by Gunshot"
XIX. THOMAS SYDENHAM
    "Processus integri"
    "Observationes medicae"
    "Epidemic Diseases"
    "Tractatus de Podagra et de Hydrope"
XX. MARCELLO MALPIGHI
    "De pulmonibus"
    "De viscerum structura"
XXI. ANTON VAN LEEUWENHOEK
    "On Capillary Circulation"
XXII. MEDICAL LIFE OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
    "Molière: "Love's the Best Doctor"
    "Molière: "Le Malade Imaginaire"
XXIII. EARLY GROSS PATHOLOGY
    "Antonio Benivieni: "On the Secret Causes of Disease"
    "Giovanni Battista Morgagni: "On the Seats and Causes of Disease"
    "Matthew Baillie: "The Morbid Anatomy of the Human Body"
XXIV. PEDIATRICS
    "Paulus Bagellardus: "The Little Book of Diseases of Children"
    "Nicholas Rosen von Rosenstein: "The Diseases of Children and Their Remedies"
    "Francis Glisson: "De Rachitide"
    "William Cadogan: "On Nursing and the Management of Children"
    "Eduard Heinrich Henoch: "Lectures on Diseases of Children"
XXV. EIGHTEENTH CENTURY CLINICAL MEDICINE
    "Hermann Boerhaave: "Institutes of Medicine"
    "Albrecht von Haller: "On the Diseases of the Aorta and Vena Cava"
XXVI. MEDICAL LIFE IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
    "Cintio d'Amato: "On Making Incisions in the Veins of the Hands"
    "Alain-René Le Sage: "Gil Blas"
XXVII. SMALL POX
    "Thomas Babington Macaulay: "History of England"
    "Lady Mary Wortley Montagu: "Letters"
    "Edward Jenner: "On the Variolae Vaccinae"
    "Benjamin Waterhouse: "On the Smallpox"
XXVIII. LEOPOLD AUENBRUGGER
    "On Percussion of the Chest"
XXIX. RÉNÉ-THÉOPHILE-HYACINTHE LAËNNEC
    "On Mediate Auscultation"
XXX. MEDICAL LIFE IN THE EARLY NINETEENTH CENTURY
    "William Makepeace Thackeray: "Pendennis"
    "Charles Dickens: "Martin Chuzzlewit"
    "Charles Dickens: "Pickwick Papers"
    "John Brown: "Rab and His Friends"
XXXI. ANESTHESIA
    "Crawford Williamson Long: "On Nitrous Oxide Gas Anesthesia"
    "Henry Jacob Bigelow: "Insensibility During Surgical Operations"
    "William T.G. Morton: "A Proper Mode of Administering Ether by Inhalation"
    "Washington Ayer: "On the Demonstration of Ether Anaesthesia"
    "Sir James Young Simpson: "On a New Anaesthetic Agent as a Substitute for Sulphuric Ether"
XXXII. BACTERIOLOGY
    "Louis Pasteur: "On Organic Corpuscles in the Atmosphere"
    "Louis Pasteur: "Prevention of Rabies"
    "Robert Koch: "The Aetiology of Tuberculosis"
    "Paul Ehrlich: "On Immunity"
XXXIII. MODERN THERAPEUTICS
    "Francis Rynd: "On the Subcutaneous Introduction of Fluids in Affections of the Nerves"
    "William Withering: "On the Foxglove and Some of Its Medical Uses"
    "James Currie: "On the Effects of Water, Cold and Warm, in Fever and Other Diseases"
    "George Bodington: "On the Treatment and Cure of Pulmonary Consumption"
XXXIV. HUMANITARIAN MEDICINE
    "Samuel Tuke: "Description of the Retreat"
    "Philippe Pinel: "Treatise on Insanity"
    "Bernardino Ramazzini: "On the Diseases of Trades"
    "Florence Nightingale: "Notes on Nursing"
XXXV. PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
    "James Lind: "A Treatise on the Scurvy"
    "John Snow: "On the Mode of Communication of Cholera"
    "Theobald Smith: "On the Nature, Causation and Prevention of Southern Cattle Fever"
    "Walter Reed: "The Propagation of Yellow Fever"
XXXVI. MODERN CLINICAL DESCRIPTIONS
    "Percival Pott: "On Fractures and Dislocations"
    "John Hunter: "A Treatise on the Venereal Disease"
    "Abraham Colles: "On the Venereal Disease"; "On the Fracture of the Carpal Extremity of the Radius"
    "Thomas Addison: "On Diseases of the Suprarenal Capsule"
    "Pierre-Charles-Alexandre Louis: "On Phthisis"
    "Thomas Hodgkin: "On the Absorbent Glands and Spleen"
    "Karl A. von Basedow: "Exophthalmos Due to Hypertrophy of the Cellular Tissue in the Orbit"
    "Sir William Withey Gull: "On a Cretinoid State in Women"
    "Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs: "On Diseases of the Liver"
    "Richard Bright: "On Symptoms and Cure of Disease by Reference to the Morbid Anatomy"
    "Jean-Martin Charcot: "On the Diseases of the Nervous System"
    "James Parkinson:
    "Aloysio Galvani: "On the Effect of Electricity on the Motion of the Muscle"
    "Marshall Hall: "These Motions Independent of Sensation and Volition"
    "William Beaumont: "Observations on the Gastric Juice"
    "Carl von Voit: "The Elements of the Science of Nutrition"
    "Claude Bernard: "The Origin of Sugar in the Animal Body"
XXXIX. ASEPSIS
    "Oliver Wendell Holmes: "The Contagiousness of Puerperal Fever"
    "Ignaz Phillip Semmelweiss: "The Concept of Child-Bed Fever"
    "Joseph Lister: "On a New Method of Treating Compound Fractures"
    "Joesph Lister: "On the Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery"
XL. CELLULAR PATHOLOGY
    "Rudolf Virchow: "Cellular Pathology"
    "Julius Cohnheim: "On General Pathology"
XLI. RISE OF THE SPECIALTIES
    "Albrecht von Graefe: "On Iridectomy in Glaucoma"
    "Frans Cornelius Donders: "On Accomodation and Refraction of the Eye"
    "Jean-Marc-Gaspard Itard: "On Diseases of the Ear and Hearing"
    "Sir Morell Mackenzie: "The Laryngoscope"
XLII. WILHELM CONRAD ROENTGEN
    "On a New Kind of Ray"
INDEX
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