Sources in the History of Medicine: The Impact of Disease and Trauma / Edition 1

Sources in the History of Medicine: The Impact of Disease and Trauma / Edition 1

by Robin L. Anderson
     
 

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ISBN-10: 0131913484

ISBN-13: 9780131913486

Pub. Date: 02/07/2006

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This reader gives students in a history of medicine class, or the general reading public, a broad selection of readings about the many ways that disease and trauma have affected human populations over time. It draws from both primary and secondary sources to give a dual perspective of a) what was written at the time of various events, and b) what modern scholars

Overview

This reader gives students in a history of medicine class, or the general reading public, a broad selection of readings about the many ways that disease and trauma have affected human populations over time. It draws from both primary and secondary sources to give a dual perspective of a) what was written at the time of various events, and b) what modern scholars have been able to ascertain from historical evidence. It has a broad scope both in time and space, covering materials from earliest Man to contemporary bioethical problems, and contains materials from India, China, Latin America, and the Muslim worlds as well as Europe and the United States. Rather than simply looking at great medical discoveries, it is purposely focused on how trauma and disease have been daily companions of human existence.

It fills a serious void in teaching materials in the history of medicine by taking a world perspective, using a combination of primary and secondary sources, covering a huge time span and putting emphasis on the problems created by medical progress, and most importantly, focusing on the effect that medical practices have had on ordinary people throughout history.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780131913486
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
02/07/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
400
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Paleopathology and Primitive Medicine

Introduction

Timeline

Dettwyler: Can Paleopathology Provide Evidence for Compassion?

Rifkinson-Mann: Cranial Surgery in Ancient Peru

Garn: What Did Our Ancestors Eat?

Micozzi: Disease in Antiquity: the Case of Cancer

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 2 The Middle East in Antiquity

Introduction

Timeline

The Holy Bible

The Bible: On Leprosy:

Exodus 4: 6-8

Leviticus 13: 2-3, 45-46

Leviticus 14: 1-9

2 Kings 7:3-4

2 Chronicles 26:20-21

Matthew 8: 1-4

Edwin Smith Papyrus:

Case 7: A gaping wound in the head, not treatable

Case 21: A split in the temporal bone, contendable

Case 40: A wound in the breast, treatable

Ebers Papyrus: Remedies for common complaints

Remedy to clear out the body and to get rid of the excrement in the body of a

person

Remedy to stop the diarrhea

Another remedy to drive out indigestion out of the body

Remedy to drive out the pain in the head

To prevent burn wounds and an incantation for burns

Remedy to allay itching

Marr: An Epidemiological Analysis of the Ten Plagues of Egypt

Spiegel: Babylonian Medicine, Managed Care, Codex Hammurabi, ca. 1700

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 3 China and India in Antiquity

Introduction

Timeline

Sushruta Samhita selections

Manyam: Epilepsy in Ancient India

Lai: History of Epilepsy in Chinese Traditional Medicine

Veith: Huang Ti Nei Ching Su Wen: The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine

Zhang: Medicine is a Humane Art

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 4 Greece

Introduction

Timeline

Thucydides: The Peloponnesian War: The Second Book

Hippocrates: On the Sacred Disease

: Case histories from Of the Epidemics

Santos: Chest Trauma During the Battle of Troy, Ancient Warfare and Chest Trauma

Marketos: Parallels Between Aesclepian and Hippocratic Medicine on the Island of Kos

Appelboom: Sport and Medicine in Ancient Greece

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 5 Rome and Byzantium

Introduction

Timeline

Soranus: Gynecology, Book 1

Who are the best midwives?

Whether conception is healthy

What are the signs whether the fetus is male or female?

What is the best time for fruitful intercourse?

How to recognize the newborn that is worth rearing

Galen: Galen on Food and Diet

Jellinke: Drinkers and Alcoholics in Ancient Rome

Scarborough: Roman Medicine and the Legions: a Reconsideration

Diamandopoulou-Drummond: Four Different Ways of Philanthropic Aid to the Blind in Medieval Eastern Christendom

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended readings

Chapter 6 Europe, 500-1500

Introduction

Timeline

Dame Trotula: Medieval Compendium of Women's Medicine

Brody: Disease of the Soul: leprosy in Medieval Literature

Judd and Roberts: Fracture Trauma in a Medieval British Farming Village

de Chauliac: The Great Surgery

Wheelis: Biological Warfare at the 1346 Siege of Caffa

Clynn: The Black Death

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 7 Medicine in the Muslim World and the Americas, 700-1500

Introduction

Timeline

Ibn Sina: The Canon on Medicine

Rosner: Dentistry in the Bible, Talmud and Writings of Moses Maimonides

Dols: Insanity and its Treatment in Islamic Society

Irving: The Maya's Own Words

Roys: The Books of Chilam Balam of Chumayel

Leon-Portilla: The Broken Spears: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico

Harvey: Public Health in Aztec Society

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 8 The Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution: Technical and Theoretical Change

Introduction

Timeline

Faria: Forging of the Renaissance Physician

da Vinci and Vesalius: Comparative Drawings

Harvey: On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals

Pare: The Apoligie and Treatise

Jenner: An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variolae Vaccinae...Known by the Name of Cow Pox

Walton, Fineman, and Walton: Why Can't a Woman be More Like a Man? A Renaissance Perspective on the Biological Basis for Female Inferiority

Key Tems

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 9 Europe, 1500-1800: Health, Disease, Trauma, and Society

Introduction

Timeline

Ballard: A Midwife's Tale

Moliere: L'âmour Medecin (Love's the Best Doctor), Act II

Cuppage: Scurvy's Conquest and Sailors' Health

Thwaites, Taviner, and Gant: The English Sweating Sickness, 1485-1551

Matossian: Poisons of the Past

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 10 The Nineteenth Century: Development and Spread of Western Medicine

Introduction

Timeline

Nightingale: Notes on Nursing: What It is, and What It Is Not

Illo: Pasteur and Rabies, an Interview of 1882

Freemon: The Medical Challenge of Military Operations in the Mississippi Valley During the American Civil War

Dunlop: Doctors of the American Frontier

Ramasubban: Imperial Health in British India, 1857-1900

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 11 The Nineteenth Century: Dramatic Change for Societies and Individuals

Introduction

Timeline

Chadwick: Report on the Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population of Great Britain

Anderson: Public Health and Public Healthiness in Sao Paulo, 1876-1893

McWilliam: Some Account of the Yellow Fever Epidemy by Which Brazil Was Invaded in the Latter Part of the Year 1849

Legan: Hydropathy, or the Water Cure

Stea and Fried: Remedies for Society's Debilities: Medicines for Neurasthenia in Victorian America

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 12 The Twentieth Century: Constant Advance, Constant Challenge

Introduction

Timeline

Rosenberg: The Care of Strangers: The Rise of America's Hospital System

Simmons: Doctors and Discoveries: Willem J. Kolff

Reverby: Interview with Four Survivors, Department of Health, Education and Welfare Study, 1973

Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals Under Control Council Law #10

Spock: Baby and Child Care

Evans and Sasser: Doc: Platoon Medic

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 13 20th Century: New Enemies, Old Nemeses

Introduction

Timeline

Knopf: Tuberculosis as a Disease of the Masses and How to Combat It

Fincher: America's Rendevous with the Spanish Lady

Black: In the Shadow of Polio: A Personal and Social History

Natsios: Famine and Totalitarian Dictatorships in the Twentieth Century

Chimwaza and Watkins: Giving Care to People with Symptoms of AIDS in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Chapter 14 A Brave New Century - Dilemmas in Twenty-First- Century Medicine

Introduction

Timeline

Charo: Cloning, Ethics and Public Policy

Stern: Prospect of Domestic Bioterrorism

Steinhauser: In Search of a Good Death

Lappe: Breakout: The Evolving Threat of Drug-Resistant Disease

Key Terms

Questions to Consider

Recommended Readings

Glossary

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