Sources of Chinese Tradition: Volume 2: From 1600 Through the Twentieth Century / Edition 2by Wm de Bary
Pub. Date: 04/11/2001
Publisher: Columbia University Press
For four decades Sources of Chinese Tradition has served to introduce Western readers to Chinese civilization as it has been seen through basic writings and historical documents of the Chinese themselves. Now in its second edition, revised and extended through Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin-era China, this classic volume remains unrivaled for its wide/i>… See more details below
For four decades Sources of Chinese Tradition has served to introduce Western readers to Chinese civilization as it has been seen through basic writings and historical documents of the Chinese themselves. Now in its second edition, revised and extended through Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin-era China, this classic volume remains unrivaled for its wide selection of source readings on history, society, and thought in the world's largest nation. Award-winning China scholar Wm. Theodore de Barywho edited the first edition in 1960and his coeditor Richard Lufrano have revised and updated the second volume of Sources to reflect the interactions of ideas, institutions, and historical events from the seventeenth century up to the present day.
Beginning with Qing civilization and continuing to contemporary times, volume II brings together key source texts from more than three centuries of Chinese history, with opening essays by noted China authorities providing context for readers not familiar with the period in question.
Here are just a few of the topics covered in this second volume of Sources of Chinese Tradition:
• Early Sino-Western contacts in the seventeenth century;
• Four centuries of Chinese reflections on differences between Eastern and Western civilizations;
• Nineteenth- and twentieth-century reform movements, with treatises on women's rights, modern science, and literary reform;
• Controversies over the place of Confucianism in modern Chinese society;
• The nationalist revolutionincluding readings from Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek;
• The communist revolutionwith central writings by Mao Zedong;
• Works from contemporary Chinafeaturing political essays from Deng Xiaoping and dissidents including Wei Jingsheng.
With more than two hundred selections in lucid, readable translation by today's most renowned experts on Chinese language and civilization, Sources of Chinese Tradition will continue to be recognized as the standard for source readings on Chinese civilization, an indispensable learning tool for scholars and students of Asian civilizations.
Columbia University Press
Table of Contents
5. The Maturation of Chinese Civilization and New Challenges to Chinese Tradition25: The Chinese Tradition in RetrospectHuang Zongxi's Critique of the Chinese Dynastic SystemWaiting for the Dawn: A Plan for the PrinceOn the PrinceOn MinistershipOn LawEstablishing a Prime MinisterSchoolsThe Selection of Scholar-Officials, Part 2Lo Liuliang's Radical OrthodoxyCommentaries on the Four BooksPrinciple in the Mind-and-HeartPrinciples, Desires, and RitesThe Neo-Confucian Critique of Dynastic RuleGovernment: From the Top Down or Ground Up? Late Confucian Scholarship: Wang Fuzhi, by Ian MacMorranCosmological FoundationsWang's "Revision" of Orthodox Neo-ConfucianismHistorical TrendsThe Justification of Social and Cultural DivisionsThe Preservation of Chinese Political and Cultural IntegrityGu Yanwu, Beacon of Qing ScholarshipTrue Learning: Broad Knowledge and a Sense of ShamePreface to Record of the Search for AntiquitiesOn the Concentration of Authority at CourtOn Bureaucratic Local Administration, ca. 1660, by William RoweThe Han Learning and Text CriticismDai Zhen and Zhang Xuecheng, by Lynn StrureDai Zhen's Text-Critical Moral Philosophy, by L. StrureLetter to Shi Zhongming Concerning Scholarship, by L. StrureLetter in Reply to Advanced Scholar Peng Yunchu, by John EwellZhang Xuecheng's Philosophy of History, by L. Strure"Virtue in the Historian""Virtue in the Writer"Women's Learning, by Susan MannCui Shu and the Critical SpiritForeword to the Essentials of the Record of Beliefs InvestigatedHan Learning and Western LearningThe Qing Version of Neo-Confucian OrthodoxyVillage Lectures and the Sacred EdictThe Sacred Edict26: Popular Values and Beliefs, by David JohnsonEnsemble PerformanceRitualA Procession on the Birthday of the Sanzong GodThe Great Sai Ritual of Zhangzi County, ShanxiThe Refining Fire Ritual of Shenze Village, ZhejiangThe Attack on Hell, a Popular Funeral Ritual, by John LagerweyOperaMulian Rescues His MotherGuo Ju Buries His SonSolo PerformancesVerse"Woman Huang Explicates the Diamond SÍtra""Song of Guo Mountain"ProseSacred Edict LecturingChantefable"The Precious Scroll [Baojuan] on the Lord of the Stove"Written TextsScriptures"The True Scripture of the Great Emperor"TractsSelections from The Twenty-four Exemplars of Filial Piety27: Chinese Responses to Early Christian Contacts, by David MingelloLi Zhizao: Preface to The True Meaning of the Lord of HeavenXu Guangqi: A Memorial in Defense of the [Western] TeachingYang Guangxian's Critique of ChristianityYang Guangxian: I Cannot Do Otherwise, by Budeyi, John D. YoungZhang Xingyao and the Inculturation of ChristianityAn Examination of the Similarities and Differences Between the Lord of Heaven Teaching [Christianity] and the Teaching of the Confucian Scholars28: Chinese Statecraft and the Opening of China to the WestChen Hongmou and Mid-Qing Statecraft, by William RoweOn Substantive LearningOn Universal EducationOn Women's EducationOn the Duties of an OfficialOn Governance by Local ElitesStatecraft in the Grain Trade and Government-Controlled Brokerages, by Pierre-Etienne WillA Memorial on Grain Prices, the Grain Trade, and Government-Controlled BrokeragesHong Liangji: On Imperial Malfeasance and China's Population Problem, by K. C. LiuLetter to Prince Cheng Earnestly Discussing the Political Affairs of the Time, 1799China's Population ProblemThe Deterioration of Local GovernmentThe Roots of RebellionGong Zizhen's Reformist Vision, by K. C. LiuOn the Lack of Moral Fiber Among Scholar-OfficialsInstitutional Paralysis and the Need for ReformThe Scholar-Teacher and Service to a DynastyRespect for the GuestWei Yuan and Confucian Practicality, by K. C. LiuThe Learning of StatecraftWei Yuan: Preface to Anthology of Qing Statecraft Writings, by Huangchao jingshi wenbianCriteria for Anthology of Qing Statecraft WritingsLearning and the Role of Scholar-OfficialsOn Governance, by Philip KuhnThe Pursuit of ProfitOn Institutional Progress in HistoryOn Merchants and ReformOn Taxation and the MerchantsOn Reform of the Tribute-Rice Transport System, 1825On Reform of the Salt MonopolyThe Western Intrusion Into ChinaThe Lesson of Lin ZexuLetter to the English RulerLetter to Wu Zixu on the Need for Western Guns and ShipsWei Yuan and the WestPreface to Military History of the Qing Dynasty (Shengwujixu), 1842, by K. C. LiuPreface to Illustrated Gazetteer of the Maritime Countries29: The Heavenly Kingdom of the TaipingsThe Book of Heavenly Commandments, by Tiantiao shuA Form to Be Observed in Repenting SinsThe Ten Heavenly CommandmentsA Primer in Verse, by Youxue shiPraising GodPraising Jesus ChristPraising ParentsThe Imperial CourtThe Way of a KingThe Way of the MinisterThe Way of the FamilyParadiseThe Taiping Economic ProgramThe Principles of the Heavenly Nature, by Tianqing daolishu6. Reform and Revolution30: Moderate Reform and the Self-Strengthening Movement, by K. C. LiuFeng Guifen: On the Manufacture of Foreign WeaponsOn the Adoption of Western LearningPrinciple Versus Practicality? The Self-Strengtheners' Rebuttal, 1867Zeng Guofan and Li Hongzhang: On Sending Young Men Abroad to StudyXue Fucheng: On ReformZhang Zhidong: Exhortation to LearnUnited HeartsThe Three Mainstays or BondsRectifying Political RightsFollowing the Proper Order[On Reform]31: Radical Reform at the End of the QingWang Tao on ReformYan Fu on Evolution and Progress, by Don Price"On Strength"Kang Youwei and the Reform MovementConfucius As a ReformerHow Confucius Founded His Teaching in Order to Reform InstitutionsThe Six Classics Were All Written by Confucius to Reform InstitutionsThe Three AgesThe Need for Reforming InstitutionsThe Grand Commonality[The Historical Evolution of] Democracy, from Less to More, Presages One WorldIf We Wish to Attain One World of Complete Peace-and-Equality, We Must Abolish the FamilyThe Abolition of BoundariesConservative Reactions, by Chester TanChu Chengbo: Reforming Men's Minds Comes Before Reforming InstitutionsZhu Yixin: Fourth Letter in Reply to Kang YouweiYe Dehui: The Superiority of China and Confucianism, by Tan SitongThe Study of HumanityReform Edict of January 29, 1901, by Douglas MunayLiang QichaoRenewing the PeopleThe Meaning of "Renewing the People"On Public MoralityOn Progress"The Consciousness of Rights", by Peter Zarrow"The Concept of the Nation", by P. ZarrowLiang Qichao and the New Press, by Joan JudgeInaugural Statement for the Eastern Times, by Shibao, J. JudgeAdvocates of Script Reform, by Victor MairSong Shu: Illiteracy in ChinaLu Zhuangzhang's Attempt at RomanizationShen Xue's Universal ScriptWang Zhao's "Mandarin Letters"Zhang Binglin's Revolutionary Nationalism, by P. ZarrowLetter Opposing Kang Youwei's Views on Revolution32: The Nationalist RevolutionSun Yat-sen and the Nationalist RevolutionHu Hanmin"The Six Principles of the People's Report"1. Overthrow of the Present Evil Government2. Establishment of a Republic3. Land NationalizationSun Yat-senThe Three People's PrinciplesThe Principle of DemocracyThe People's LivelihoodThe Three Stages of RevolutionDemocracy and Absolutism: The Debate Over Political TutelageLuo Longji: What Kind of Political System Do We Want? Jiang Tingfu: "Revolution and Absolutism"Hu Shi: "National Reconstruction and Absolutism"1. Is Absolutism a Necessary Stage for National Reconstruction? 2. Why Did Centuries of Absolute Government Fail to Create a National State in China? Chiang Kai-shek: Nationalism and TraditionalismChiang Kai-shek: Essentials of the New Life MovementThe Object of the New Life MovementThe Content of the New Life MovementConclusionChina's DestinySocial Effects [of the Unequal Treaties]Moral EffectsPsychological EffectsThe Decisive Factor in China's DestinyJiang Jingguo (Chiang Ching-kuo): The Republic of China in TaiwanThe Evolution of Constitutional Democracy in TaiwanImplementing "The Three People's Principles"33: The New Culture Movement, by Wing-tsit ChanThe Attack on ConfucianismChen Duxiu: "The Way of Confucius and Modern Life"The Literary RevolutionHu Shi: "A Preliminary Discussion of Literary Reform"Chen Duxiu: "On Literary Revolution"Hu Shi: "Constructive Literary Revolution Literature of National Speech"A National Speech of Literary QualityThe Doubting of AntiquityGu Jiegang: Preface to Debates on Ancient History (1926)A New Philosophy of LifeChen Duxiu: The True Meaning of LifeHu Shi: "Pragmatism"The Pragmatism of JamesThe Fundamental Concepts of Dewey's PhilosophyThe Debate on Science and the Philosophy of LifeZhang Junmai: "The Philosophy of Life"Ding Wenjiang: "Metaphysics and Science"Wu Zhihui: "A New Concept of the Universe and Life Based on a New Belief"Hu Shi: Science and Philosophy of LifeThe Controversy Over Chinese and Western CulturesLiang Qichao: "Travel Impressions from Europe"Liang Shuming: Chinese Civilization vis-...-vis Eastern and Western PhilosophiesReconstructing the CommunityHu Shi: Our Attitude Toward Modern Western CivilizationSa Menwu, He Bingsong, and Others: Declaration for Cultural Construction on a Chinese BasisHu Shi: Criticism of the "Declaration for Cultural Construction on a Chinese Basis"Radical Critiques of Traditional Society, by Peter ZarrowHe Zhen: "What Women Should Know About Communism"Women's RevengeHan Yi: "Destroying the Family"34: The Communist RevolutionThe Seedbed of the Communist Revolution: The Peasantry and the Anarcho-Communist Movement, by Peter ZarrowLiu Shipei: "Anarchist Revolution and Peasant Revolution"Li Dazhao: The Victory of BolshevismMao's Revolutionary Doctrine"Report on an Investigation of the Hunan Peasant Movement""The Question of Land Redistribution"The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist PartyThe Mass LineOn New DemocracyThe Dictatorship of the People's Democracy35: Chinese Communist PraxisLiu Shaoqi: How to Be a Good CommunistMao Zedong: The Rectification CampaignReport of the Propaganda Bureau of the Central Committee on the Zhengfeng Reform Movement, April 1942Wang Shiwei: "Wild Lily"Liu Shaoqi: On Inner-Party StruggleMao Zedong: Combat LiberalismMao Zedong: On Art and LiteratureWang Shiwei: "Political Leaders, Artists"Ding Ling: "Thoughts on March 8, 1942"36: The Mao RegimeEstablishment of the People's RepublicMao Zedong: "Leaning to One Side"Mao Zedong: "Stalin Is Our Commander"Guo Moruo: Ode to Stalin"Long Live Stalin" on his seventieth birthday 1949, by Chao-ying FangJi Yun: "How China Proceeds with the Task of Industrialization" (1953)Li Fuqun: "Report on the First Five-Year Plan for Development of the National Economy of the People's Republic of China in 1953-1957, July 5 and 6, 1955"Changes in Mid-CourseMao Zedong: "The Question of Agricultural Cooperation," July 31, 1955Mao Zedong: "On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People"Liu Binyan: A Higher Kind of LoyaltyIntellectual Opinions from the Hundred Flowers PeriodMao Zedong: Remarks at the Beidaihe Conference, August 1958Peng Dehuai: "Letter of Opinion" to Mao Zedong on the Great Leap Forward, July 1959Wu Han: "Hai Rui Scolds the Emperor," June 19, 1959The Cultural RevolutionThe Sixteen Points: Guidelines for the Great Proletarian Cultural RevolutionQuotations from Chairman Mao Zedong"What Have Song Shuo, Lu Ping, and Peng Peiyun Done in the Cultural Revolution?"Red Guard MemoirsWang Xizhe, Li Zhengtian, Chen Yiyang, Guo Hongzhi: "The Li Yi Zhe Poster," November 19747. The Return of Stability and Tradition37. Deng's "Modernization" and Its Critics, by (R. Lufrano)The Turn to Stability and ModernizationZhou Enlai: "Report on the Work of the Government," delivered on January 13, 1975, at the First Session of the Fourth National People's Congress of the People's Republic of ChinaCommuniqué of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, December 22, 1978Yu Qiuli: "The Relationship Between Politics and Economics""Uphold the Four Basic Principles," Speech by Deng Xiaoping, March 30, 1979"Building Socialist Spiritual Civilization," letter from Li Chang, vice president of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, to a member of the Party Central Committee, December 1980Office of the CCP Dehong Dai Nationality and Qingbo Autonomous Zhou Committee: "Several Questions in Strengthening and Perfecting the Job Responsibility Systems or Agricultural Production," November 7, 1980Early Critiques of the Deng RegimePublication Statement, Beijing Spring Magazine, January 1979Wei Jingsheng: The Fifth ModernizationDemocracy, 1978, by (Kristina Torgeson)Democracy or New Dictatorship, Explorations, March 1979Wall Poster from the April Fifth ForumHu Ping: "On Freedom of Speech," written for his successful 1980 campaign to become Beijing University's delegate to the Haidian District People's AssemblyWang Ruoshui: "Discussing the Question of Alienation"Wang Ruoshui: "In Defense of Humanism"Assessing the New PoliciesDeng Xiaoping: "Build Socialism with Chinese Characteristics"Chen Yun: Speech given at the Chinese Communist National Representative Conference, September 23, 1985New Demands for Change and DemocracyFang Lizhi: Democracy, Reform, and ModernizationFang Lizhi: "Reform and Intellectuals," talk given in 1986Fang Lizhi: "The Social Responsibility of Today's Intellectuals," speech given at Beijing University, November 4, 1985Li Xiaojiang: "Awakening of Women's Consciousness"The New AuthoritarianismWu Jiaxiang: "An Outline for Studying the New Authoritarianism," May 1989Rong Jian: "Does China Need an Authoritarian Political System in the Course of Modernization?" May 1989Yan Jiaqi: "How China Can Become Prosperous"38. Twentieth-Century Christianity in China, by Julia ChingMa XiangboReligion and the State, by Ruth HayhoeReligion and Culture, by R. HayhoeZhao Zichen"Present-Day Religious Thought and Life in China"Leadership and Citizenship TrainingWu Yaozong"The Present-Day Tragedy of Christianity""The Reformation of Christianity"The Christian ManifestoWang MingdaoWe, Because of FaithWu Jingxiong: Christianity and Chinese Tradition"Beyond East and West""The Lotus and the Mud"39: Reopening the Debate on Chinese TraditionThe New ConfuciansXiong Shili, by Tu WeimingManifesto for a Reappraisal of Sinology and the Reconstruction of Chinese CultureMou Zongsan's Confucian Philosophy, by John BerthirongThe Sensitivity and Steadfastness of Humaneness (ren)Feng Youlan: "Chinan Ancient Nation with a New Mission"The Continuing Critique of TraditionBo Yang: "The Ugly Chinaman"Sun Longji: "The Deep Structure of Chinese Culture"Su Xiaokang and Wang Luxiang: "River Elegy," a television documentaryLi Zehou: "A Reevaluation of Confucianism", by Woeilien ChongGu Mu: Confucianism as the Essence of Chinese Tradition
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This is a well-chosen, concise collection of Chinese thought in the age of modern turmoil. The essays selected are some of the clearest, most forceful, and most influential writing in modern world history. The editors point out themes of continuity between religious and revolutionary values. They highlight the culture wars within China, fighting over which versions of Chinese tradition would prevail in the future. An interesting final section touches on the whole subject of popular religion and "secret societies" among ordinary people, giving just a hint at this huge dimension of cultural history. --author of A Galaxy of Immortal Women: The Yin Side of Chinese Civilization