Sources of Japanese Tradition: Volume 2, 1600 to 2000 / Edition 2by Wm. Theodore de de Bary, Carol Gluck, Arthur Tiedemann
Pub. Date: 04/06/2005
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Since it was first published more than forty years ago, Sources of Japanese Tradition, Volume 2, has been considered the authoritative sourcebook for readers and scholars interested in Japan from the eighteenth century to the post-World War II period. Now greatly expanded to include the entire twentieth century, and beginning in 1600, Sources of Japanese/i>
Since it was first published more than forty years ago, Sources of Japanese Tradition, Volume 2, has been considered the authoritative sourcebook for readers and scholars interested in Japan from the eighteenth century to the post-World War II period. Now greatly expanded to include the entire twentieth century, and beginning in 1600, Sources of Japanese Tradition presents writings from modern Japan's most important philosophers, religious figures, writers, and political leaders. The volume also offers extensive introductory essays and commentary to assist in understanding the documents' historical setting and significance. Wonderfully varied in its selections, this eagerly anticipated expanded edition has revised many of the texts from the original edition and added a great many not included or translated before. New additions include documents on the postwar era, the importance of education in the process of modernization, and women's issues.
Beginning with documents from the founding of the Tokugawa shogunate, the collection's essays, manifestos, religious tracts, political documents, and memoirs reflect major Japanese religious, philosophical, social, and political movements. Subjects covered include the spread of neo-Confucian and Buddhist teachings, Japanese poetry and aesthetics, and the Meiji Restoration. Other documents reflect the major political trends and events of the period: the abolition of feudalism, agrarian reform, the emergence of political parties and liberalism, and the Sino-Japanese and Russo-Japanese wars. The collection also includes Western and Japanese impressions of each other via Western religious missions and commercial and cultural exchanges. These selections underscore Japanese and Western apprehension of and fascination with each other.
As Japan entered the twentieth century, new political and social movements-Marxism, anarchism, socialism, feminism, and nationalism-entered the national consciousness. Later readings in the collection look at the buildup to war with the United States, military defeat, and American occupation. Documents from the postwar period echo Japan's struggle with its own history and its development as a capitalist democracy.
Table of Contents
PrefacePart IV The Tokugawa Peace 20. Ieyasu and the Founding of the Tokugawa Shogunate, by Willem BootIeyasuís Revenge and Compassion21. Confucianism in the Early Tokugawa Period, by Willem BootFujiwara Seika and the Rise of Neo-ConfucianismHayashi RazanThe Later History of the Hayashi Family SchoolThe Way of Heaven22. The Spread of Neo-Confucianism in JapanYamazaki Ansai and Zhu Xi Studies, by Barry StebenThe Mito School, by Barry StebenKaibara Ekken: Human Nature and the Study of Nature, by Mary Evelyn TuckerThe Oyomei (Wang Yangming) School in Japan, by Barry StebenKumazawa Banzan: Confucian Practice in Seventeenth-Century Japan, by Ian James McMullenNakae Tojuís Successors in the Oyomei School, by Barry Steben23. The Evangelic Furnace: Japanís First Encounter with the West, by J. S. A. ElisonasEuropean DocumentsA Christian Critique of ShintoAlexandro Valignanoís Japanese Mission PolicyA Jesuit Priestís Observations of WomenJapanese DocumentsThe Anti-Christian Edicts of Toyotomi HideyoshiFabian Fucan Pro and ContraA Buddhist Refutation of Christianity24. Confucian Revisionists, by Wm. Theodore de Bary and John A. TuckerFundamentalism and Revisionism in the Critique of Neo-ConfucianismYamaga Soko and the Civilizing of the Samurai, by John A. TuckerIto Jinsaiís School of Ancient Meanings, by John A. TuckerOgyu Sorai and the Return to the ClassicsMuro Kyusoís Defense of Neo-Confucianism25. Varieties of Neo-Confucian EducationPrinciples of EducationYamazaki Ansai, by John A. TuckerKaibara Ekken, by Mary Evelyn TuckerThe Shizutani School, by Mary Evelyn TuckerThe Merchant Academy of Kaitokudo, by Tetsuo NajitaLecture on the Early Chapters of the Analects and MenciusItems of Understanding, 1727Items of Understanding, 1758Ogyu Soraiís Approach to Learning, by Richard MinearHirose Tansoís School System, by Marleen Kassel26. Popular InstructionIshida Baiganís Learning of the Mind and the Way of the Merchant, by Janine SawadaThe House Codes of Tokugawa Merchant FamiliesThe Testament of Shimai SoshitsuThe Code of the Okaya HouseIhara SaikakuMitsui TakafusaMuro KyusoHosoi HeishuHow to Behave at Temple Schools27. The Vocabulary of Japanese Aesthetics III, by Donald KeeneChikamatsu Monzaemon28. Haiku and the Democracy of Poetry as a Popular Art, by Donald KeeneMatsuo BashoIssa29. "Dutch Learning," by Grant GoodmanEngelbert KaempferSugita GenpakuOtsuki GentakuShiba Kokan30. Eighteenth-Century RationalismArai Hakuseki's Confucian Perspective on Government and Society, by Kate NakaiThe Function of RitesThe Evolution of Japanese HistoryHakuseki's View of Christianity and the WestHakuseki's Approach to Fiscal Policy and TradeTominaga Nakamotoís Historical RelativismAndo Shoeki's Ecological CommunityMiura Baien's Search for a New Logic, by Rosemary Mercer"The Origin of Price"Baien's System of "Logic"Space and TimeHeaven-and-Earth Is the TeacherJori and ScienceKaiho Seiryo and the Laws of Economics31. The Way of the Warrior IIThe Debate over the Ako Vendetta, by John A. Tucker and Barry StebenOkado DenpachiroReligious Nuances of the Ako Case, by John A. Tucker and Barry StebenHayashi RazanHayashi HokoMuro KyusoOgyu SoraiSato NaokataAsami KeisaiDazai ShundaiGoi RanshuFukuzawa YukichiThe Ako Vendetta Dramatized, by Donald KeeneHagakure and the Way of the Samurai, by Barry Steben32. The National Learning Schools, by Peter NoscoKada no AzumamaroKamo no MabuchiMotoori NorinagaLove and PoetryGood and Evil in The Tale of GenjiHirata AtsutaneOkuni Takamasa33. Buddhism in the Tokugawa PeriodSuzuki Shosan, by Royall TylerTakuan Soho, by William BodifordBankeiHakuin EkakuJiun Sonja Paul Watt34. Orthodoxy, Protest, and Local ReformThe Prohibition of Heterodox StudiesThe Kansei EdictThe Justification for the Kansei EdictThe Later Wang Yangming (Oyomei) School, by Barry StebenSato IssaiOshio HeihachiroAgrarian Reform and Cooperative PlanningNinomiya Sontoku35. Forerunners of the RestorationRai Sanyo and Yamagata Daini: LoyalismRai Sanyo's Unofficial History, by Barry StebenYamagata Daini's New Thesis, by Bob Tadashi WakabayashiHonda Toshiaki: Ambitions for JapanSato Nobuhiro: Totalitarian Nationalism36. The Debate over Seclusion and RestorationThe Later Mito SchoolThe Opening of Japan from WithinSakuma Shozan: Eastern Ethics and Western ScienceYokoi Shonan: Opening the Country for the Common GoodYoshida Shoin: Death-Defying HeroismFukuzawa Yukichi: Pioneer of WesternizationReform Proposals of Sakamoto Ryoma, Saigo Takamori, and Okubo ToshimichiSakamoto Ryoma: Eight-Point ProposalLetter from Saigo Takamori and Okubo Toshimichi on the Imperial RestorationPart V Japan, Asia, and the West 37. The Meiji Restoration, by Fred G. NotehelferThe Abolition of Feudalism and the Centralization of the Meiji StateThe Leaders and Their VisionThe Iwakura MissionConsequences of the Iwakura Mission: Saigo and Okubo on KoreaThe Meiji Emperor38. Civilization and Enlightenment, by Albert CraigFukuzawa YukichiEnlightenment Thinkers of the Meirokusha: On MarriageMori ArinoriKato HiroyukiFukuzawa YukichiSakatani ShiroshiTsuda MamichiNakamura Masanao: China Should Not Be Despised39. Popular Rights and Constitutionalism, by James HuffmanDebating a National Assembly, 1873-1875Itagaki TaisukeNakamura MasanaoRepresentative Assemblies and National Progress, February 1879Defining the Constitutional State, 1876-1883Ito HirobumiOkuma ShigenobuChiba TakasaburoNakae ChominThe Emergence of Political PartiesItagaki TaisukeFukuchi Gen'ichiroOkuma ShigenobuOzaki Yukio Bestowing the Constitution on the People, 1884-1889Controlling the Freedom and People's Rights MovementThe Meiji Constitution40. Education in Meiji Japan, by Richard RubingerViews in the Early Meiji PeriodIwakura Tomomi and Aristocratic EducationKido Takayoshi and Ito Hirobumi on Universal EducationFukuzawa Yukichi and EducationThe First Meiji School SystemThe Confucian CritiqueMotoda Eifu and Emperor-Centered EducationTani Tateki's Critique of the WestNakamura Masanao's Synthesis of East and WestMori Arinori and the Later Meiji School SystemInoue Kowashi and Patriotic TrainingThe Imperial Rescript on EducationTeachers and Reform from BelowState Control over TextbooksThe Education of Women in the Meiji Period41. Nationalism and Pan-AsianismState Shinto, by Helen HardacreThe Idea of Shinto as a National TeachingThe Divinity of the EmperorThe Patriotic Meaning of ShrinesState Shinto in the Colonies of Imperial JapanTokutomi Soho: A Japanese Nationalistís View of the West and Asia, by Fred G. NotehelferSupporting the Imperial State and Military ExpansionOkakura Kakuzo: Aesthetic Pan-Asianism, by Aida Yuan WongYanagi Muneyoshi and the Kwanghwa Gate in Seoul, Korea42. The High Tide of Prewar Liberalism, by Arthur E. TiedemannDemocracy at HomeMinobe Tatsukichi: The Legal Foundation for Liberal GovernmentYoshino Sakuzo: Democracy as minpon shugiKawai Eijiro: A Rebuke to the MilitaryIshibashi Tanzan: A Liberal Business JournalistKiyosawa Kiyoshi: Why Liberalism?Ienaga Saburo: The Formation of a LiberalPeaceful Cooperation AbroadShidehara Kijuro: Conciliatory DiplomacyYamamuro Sobun: Call for a Peaceful Japan43. Socialism and the Left, by Andrew BarshayThe Early Socialist MovementAnarchismKotoku ShusuiKagawa ToyohikoSocialism and the LeftOsugi SakaeKaneko FumikoMarxismThe Debate About Japanese CapitalismKawakami HajimeYamada MoritaroUno KozoMarxist Cultural CriticismTosaka JunNakano ShigeharuThe Tenko Phenomenon44. The Rise of Revolutionary Nationalism, by Marius JansenJapan and AsiaAgitation by AssassinationThe Plight of the CountrysideKita Ikki and the Reform Wing of UltranationalismThe Conservative ReaffirmationWatsuji Tetsuro45. Empire and War, by Peter DuusThe Impact of World War I: A Conflict Between Defenders and Opponents of the Status QuoA Plan to Occupy ManchuriaThe Economic Need for ExpansionHashimoto KingoroKonoe FumimaroNational MobilizationArmy MinistryKonoe FumimaroThe Imperial Rule Assistance AssociationSpiritual MobilizationEconomic MobilizationThe Greater East Asia WarThe Decision for War with the United StatesThe War's GoalsThe Greater East Asia ConferenceDefeatPart VI. Postwar Japan 46. The Occupation Years, 1945-1952, by Marlene MayoInitial Official Policies, American and JapaneseA New Basic Document: The 1947 ConstitutionIntroducing a New Civil CodeThe New Educational SystemLabor UnionsRural Land ReformEconomic Stabilization and ReconstructionReconstructing Japan as a Nation of Peace and CultureMorito TatsuoYokota KisaburoRegaining Sovereignty in a Bipolar WorldSome Japanese Views of the WarKurihara SadakoOe KenzaburoTanaka Kotaro47. Democracy and High Growth, by Andrew GordonThe Movement Against the Separate Treaty and the U.S.- Japan Military AllianceThe Government's View of the Economy in 1956: "The 'postwar' is over"The Transformation of the Postwar MonarchyTwo Views of the Security Treaty Crisis of 1960Maruyama MasaoYoshimoto TakaakiThe Consumer Revolution in Postwar Japan, 1960The Economic Planning Agency's New Long-Range Economic Plan of Japan, 1961-1970Environmental Activism in Postwar Japan: Minamata DiseaseBulldozing the Archipelago: The Politics of Economic GrowthThe Philosophy of Japanese Labor Management in the High-Growth EraThe Japanese Middle Class at the End of the Twentieth CenturyPart VII. Aspects of the Modern Experience 48. The New Religions, by Helen HardacreKurozumikyoTenrikyoOmotoDeguchi NaoDeguchi OnisaburoReiyukai kyodanSoka gakkaiMakiguchi TsunesaburoToda JoseiIkeda Daisaku49. Japan and the World in Cultural DebateUchimura KanzoNatsume SosekiNishida KitaroEndo ShusakuMishima YukioOe Kenzaburo50. Gender Politics and Feminism, by Brett de BaryGender and ModernizationMagazines for Women's EducationWomen and LaborHiratsuka Raicho and the Bluestocking SocietyPostwar Japanese FeminismAoki Yayoi and EcofeminismMatsui Yayori and Asian Migrant Women in JapanUeno Chizuko and the Cultural Context of Japanese FeminismSaito Chiyo and Japanese Feminism51. Thinking with the Past: History Writing in Modern Japan, by Carol GluckNew Histories in Meiji JapanTaguchi UkichiShigeno YasutsuguKume KunitakeMarxist History WritingWriting About the Meiji RestorationTokutomi SohoNoro EitaroNakamura MasanoriBanno JunjiBito MasahideShiba RyotaroA High-School History TextbookAlternative HistoriesIfa FuyuYanagita KunioTakamure ItsueMaruyama MasaoIrokawa DaikichiYasumaru YoshioThe Asia-Pacific War in History and MemoryMaruyama MasaoIenaga SaburoOe KenzaburoFujiwara AkiraKobayashi YoshinoriIshizaka KeiTwentieth-Century Design StampsRethinking the NationAmino YoshihikoKano MasanaoArano Yasunori and Colleague
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