Sources of the West: Readings in Western Civilization / Edition 7

Sources of the West: Readings in Western Civilization / Edition 7

by Mark Kishlansky
     
 

Sources of the West presents a well-balanced selection of readings that integrate coverage of social, economic, religious, and cultural history within a traditional, political framework.

The text includes constitutional documents, political theory, philosophy, imaginative literature, and social description that raise significant issues for classroom discussions

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Overview

Sources of the West presents a well-balanced selection of readings that integrate coverage of social, economic, religious, and cultural history within a traditional, political framework.

The text includes constitutional documents, political theory, philosophy, imaginative literature, and social description that raise significant issues for classroom discussions or lectures. By analyzing the voices of the past, readers can connect them to the present; learn to understand and respect other cultures; and think critically about history.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780205568406
Publisher:
Longman
Publication date:
10/24/2007
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
384
Product dimensions:
7.38(w) x 9.22(h) x 0.88(d)

Table of Contents

Preface ix

How to Read a Document xiii

Part iV The Ancient Régime 1

The Wars of Religion 3

74. Henry IV, The Edict of Nantes (1598) 3

75. Cardinal Richelieu, The Political Testament (1638) 5

76. Hans von Grimmelshausen, Simplicissimus (1669) 8

Subjects and Sovereigns 13

77. James I, True Law of a Free Monarchy (1598) 13

78. Philippe Duplessis-Mornay, A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants (1579) 18

79. Sir William Clarke, The Putney Debates (1647) 23

80. Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan (1651) 29

81. John Locke, Second Treatise of Government (1689) 32

82. The English Bill of Rights, (1689) 36

83. Duc De Saint-Simon, Memoirs (1694—1723) 42

Science and Commerce 46

84. Galileo Galilei, Letter to the Grand Duchess Christina (1615) 46

85. René Descartes, Discourse on Method (1637) 50

86. Thomas Mun, England’s Treasure by Foreign Trade (1664) 54

87. Adam Smith, The Wealth of Nations (1776) 59

Enlightened Monarchy 63

88. Catherine the Great, Memoirs (ca. 1755) 63

89. Maria Theresa, Testament (1749—1750) 66

90. Viscount Bolingbroke, The Idea of a Patriot King (1749) 70

The Enlightenment 73

91. Voltaire, Candide (1759) 73

92. Jean-Jacques Rousseau, The Social Contract (1762) 77

93. Montesquieu, Spirit of the Laws (1748) 81

94. Captain James Cook, Journals (1769) 85

95. Joseph Crassons de Medeuil, Notes on the French Slave Trade (1784—1785) 89

96. Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence (1776) 94

97. Cesare Beccaria, On Crimes and Punishments (1764) 97

98. Marquis de Condorcet, The Progress of the Human Mind (1793) 100

The French Revolution 103

99. Abbé de Sieyès, What Is the Third Estate? (1789) 103

100. The Declaration of the Rights of Man (1789); Olympe de Gouges; The Declaration of the Rights of Woman (1791) 108

101. Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790) 113

Part V The Age of Reform 117

Industrialization in Britain 119

102. Thomas Malthus, The Iron Law of Population Growth (1798) 119

103. Samuel Smiles, Self-Help (1859) 125

104. Sir Edwin Chadwick, Inquiry into the Condition of the Poor (1842) 129

105. Friedrich Engels, The Condition of the Working Class in England (1845) 134

Nineteenth-Century Society and Culture 139

106. Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (1813) 139

107. Henrietta-Lucy, Madame de la Tour du Pin, Memoirs (1820—1843) 143

108. Alexis Soyer, Modern Housewife (1850); Isabella Beeton,Mrs. Beeton’s Book of Household Management (1861) 147

109. Documents of the Irish Potato Famine (1845—1849) 151

Political Critiques 158

110. J. S. Mill, On Liberty (1859) 158

111. Pierre Proudhon, What Is Property? (1840) 162

112. The Great Charter (1842) 166

113. William II, Letter to the Shogun (1844);Bakufu, Reply to the Government of Holland (1845) 170

114. Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, The Communist Manifesto (1848) 174

115. Alexander II and Prince Kropotkin, The Emancipation of the Serfs (1861) 178

116. Otto von Bismarck, Reflections and Reminiscences (1898);Speech to the Reichstag (1879) 181

117. Pope Leo XIII, Rerum Novarum (The Condition of Labor) (1891) 186

Emancipating the Mind and the Body 194

118. Charles Darwin, The Descent of Man (1871) 194

119. Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil (1886) 197

120. Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams (1899) 202

121. Carl Jung, On the Nature of the Psyche 206

122. E. Sylvia Pankhurst, History of the Suffrage Movement (1912) 209

Thoughts on Empire 214

123. J. A. Hobson, Imperialism (1902) 214

124. Cecil Rhodes, Confession of Faith (1877) 217

125. Carl Veltin, Social Life of the Swahilis (late 19th century) 220

126. Rudyard Kipling, ”The White Man’s Burden” (1899) 226

127. George Orwell, ”Shooting an Elephant” (1936) 227

Part Vi Twentieth-Century Europe 233

War and Revolution 235

128. Voices from the Battle of the Somme (1916) 235

129. Ernst Jünger, Storm of Steel (1920) 241

130. Woodrow Wilson, The Fourteen Points (1918) 244

131. V. I. Lenin, What Is to Be Done? (1902) 247

The Second World War 251

132. J. M. Keynes, The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919) 251

133. Winifred Holtby, Women and a Changing Civilization (1934) 254

134. Benito Mussolini, Fascist Doctrine (1932) 258

135. Adolf Hitler, Mein Kampf (1923) 262

136. Memories of the Holocaust (1938—1945) 266

137. Winston Churchill, Speeches (1940) 272

138. Primo Levi, The Last Christmas of the War (1971) 275

139. Adolf Eichmann, Testimony (1961) 280

The Twentieth-Century Imagination 284

140. Virginia Woolf, A Room of One’s Own (1929) 284

141. Alexander Solzhenitsyn, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962) 289

142. Jean-Paul Sartre, Existentialism (1946) 293

143. Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex (1949) 297

The Transformation of Eastern Europe 302

144. Winston Churchill, ”The Iron Curtain” (1946) 302

145. Nikita Khrushchev, Report to the Communist Party Congress (1961) 306

146. Mikhail Gorbachev, Perestroika (1987) 310

147. Francis Fukuyama, The End of History? (1989) 315

Toward a New World 322

148. Charter of the United Nations (1946) 322

149. The Charter of Economic Rights and Duties of States (1974) 326

150. Kofi Annan, Report on the Fall of Srebrenica (1999) 331

151. Report of the 9/11 Commission (2004) 340

Acknowledgments 347

Photo Credits 353

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