South Africa in the Twentieth Century: A Political History - In Search of a Nation State / Edition 1

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This book gives an account of the turbulent and remarkable political history of South Africa in the twentieth century, starting with the South African (Boer) War and finishing as Nelson Mandela comes to power. A great drama unfolds - of struggle, triumph and disaster; of hopes fulfilled and dashed - as the advocates of competing forms of nationalism seek to gain control of the state. The drama is shaped by political, economic and social beliefs and interests, by powerful individuals, and by outside forces which intruded into South Africa. For most of the century whites dominated the scene, creating a society in which they enjoyed economic privilege and exclusive control of the state. Yet they disputed among themselves who were the "true" South Africans, and therefore who should form the government. As the century advanced, and particularly after the Second World War, the assumption of white dominance was challenged, by advocates both of a non-racial nationalism and of African nationalism, until a "new" South Africa was born in 1994. This is a story therefore of struggle to realize a dominant nationalism through control of the state, the ways in which political leaders promoted their beliefs and interests; and their responses to the constraints and circumstances they encountered.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"An exceptional survey of the political history of South Africa." Times Literary Supplement.

"Barber ... has written a detailed, interesting, and accurate analysis of an extraordinary country during an exceptional time" CHOICE.

"South Africa in the Twentieth Century is designed to introduce students of contemporary history, politics and international relations to key regions and themes which have dominated discussion of the past century. It does so admirably ... this is a book whose sheer erudition will guarantee it a prominent place on the shelves of anyone wishing to understand South Africa in the twentieth century." Contemporary British History

"This book is very accessible and engrossing, but is nevertheless of a high academic standard ... South Africa in the Twentieth Century is a major contribution to the literature on South African politics. It is essential reading not only for any scholar interested in South African politics but also for those with wider interests in questions of national self-identification and the way this affects political behaviour." Progress in Development Studies

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780631191025
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 10/26/1999
  • Series: History of the Contemporary World Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 348
  • Product dimensions: 6.29 (w) x 9.03 (h) x 1.01 (d)

Meet the Author

Professor James Barber is a member of the Centre of International Studies at Cambridge University, and a Fellow of the South African Institute of International Affairs. Previously he was Master of Hatfield College, and Professor of Politics at Durham University. He has published extensively on Southern African affairs including Rhodesia: The Road to Rebellion (1967); South Africa's Foreign Policy: 1945-1970 (1973); The Uneasy Relationship: Britain and South Africa (1983); and South Africa's Foreign Policy: The Search for Status and Security (1990 with John Barratt). He has also published on British politics including The Prime Minister since 1945 (Blackwell, 1991).

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Table of Contents

Part I: The Clash of British Imperialism and Afrikaner Nationalism:.

1. Prelude to War: Afrikaner and British Imperial Nationalism.

2. War, Peace and Reconstruction.

3. Afrikaners, Blacks and Reconstruction.

Part II: The White Union and Black Reaction:.

4. Responsible Government and the Union.

5. The New Union: White and Black Political Activity.

6. The Great War and its Aftermath.

7. The Pact Government and Segregation 1924-9.

8. From Pact to Fusion: Economic Depression and Black Opposition: 1929-39.

Part III: World War II and Apartheid:.

9. World War II and its Aftermath 1939-48.

10. African Nationalism Transformed: 1939-48.

11. The National Party Government 1948-61.

12.African Opposition: Communists, Congress and the Pan Africanist Congress.

Part IV: The Wind of Change:.

13. The New Republic, Sharpeville and the Granite Response.

14. Vorster and the Development of the Bantustans.

15. Black Resistance Inside and Outside the Republic.

Part V: Renewed Black Challenge: .

16. Soweto and its Aftermath.

17. Reform, Security and White Divisions Under P. W. Botha.

18. The Black Rising: and Answering Fire with Fire.

19. Retreat from the Rubicon: The Failure of Reform.

Part VI: Forging the New South Africa:.

20. In Search of a New South Africa.

21. Reaching Agreement: Negotiation, Tension and Violence.

22. Towards the Promised Land.



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