South Africa / Edition 1

South Africa / Edition 1

by Marina Ottaway, Marina Ottoway
     
 

ISBN-10: 0815767153

ISBN-13: 9780815767152

Pub. Date: 04/01/1993

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

The unbanning of the African National Congress and the release of Nelson Mandela in February of 1990 cleared the way for negotiations toward a new, post-apartheid political order in South Africa. But three years later, the main parties have made little progress toward a compromise, while violence escalates in the townships. In this revealing study, Marina Ottaway

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Overview

The unbanning of the African National Congress and the release of Nelson Mandela in February of 1990 cleared the way for negotiations toward a new, post-apartheid political order in South Africa. But three years later, the main parties have made little progress toward a compromise, while violence escalates in the townships. In this revealing study, Marina Ottaway examines the new conflicts emerging in South Africa, the factors influencing them, and the probable outcome. She shows that the black-on-white conflict that has made the country a pariah in the past has evolved into a much more complex state of affairs and explains that the transition is likely to take an unprecedented form. Beginning with a brief history of the events since Mandela's release, Ottaway provides a vivid account of the evolving conflict over apartheid. She discuses the complexity of conflict resolution in a country where internal and external currents work against each other, and where the struggle for power transcends any strides toward peace. Ottaway thoroughly addresses the issues involved in South Africa's transition from apartheid. She explains that the abolition of the pervasive system has more far-reaching implications than originally thought. South Africa explores the effects that the international climate of the 1990s has had on the county’s transition. Ottaway contends that the international community rejects apartheid but is unsympathetic to black demands for redistribution, and has condemned the white government’s vision of separate development but accepts ethnic nationalism as inevitable. She describes the dramatic effects the new world order has had on South Africa and assesses what those changes will mean to the country’s difficult transition.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780815767152
Publisher:
Brookings Institution Press
Publication date:
04/01/1993
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
264
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

1The Changing Conflict1
The First Two Years2
Conflict Resolution and Conflict Generation9
Negotiating in the Absence of Crisis12
Models of Transition14
The Study17
Pt. 1The Actors21
2The Government Establishment23
The Reformers at the Top24
The National Party29
The Bureaucracy30
The Security Apparatus32
The Afrikaner Broederbond and the Churches36
3The Liberation Establishment42
The African National Congress43
The Mass Democratic Movement55
The Antiapartheid Churches58
4The Second Tier63
The Would-Be Major Players63
The Rejectionist Parties76
The De Jure Participants81
Pt. 2The Arenas of Struggle85
5Toward a New Constitution89
The Constitutional Models90
The Politics of Constitution Making104
6The Local Arena114
Local Government in South Africa115
The National Party and Local Government in the 1990s117
The ANC and the Civics: State Power and People's Power121
Negotiating the Postapartheid City125
7The Economic Arena132
The South African Economy133
The Future of the Economy134
The Congress of South African Trade Unions135
The African National Congress140
The Government and Economic Reform143
The Business Community147
Pt. 3The Transition153
8The Failure of CODESA157
The Assets159
The Strategy163
The Climate Surrounding Negotiations173
9Beyond Constitutional Negotiations179
Integrating Groups Excluded from Negotiations180
Converting Political Organizations into Parties190
Tackling Noninstitutional Issues192
10Liberation and Reformism198
The Second Phase200
The International Context205
Direct Foreign Influences209
A Different Transition212
Notes215
Index241

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