South Africa / Edition 1

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Overview

The unbanning of the African National Congress and the release of Nelson Mandela in February 1990 cleared the way for negotiations toward a new, post-apartheid political order in South Africa. But three years later, the main parties have made little progress toward a compromise, while violence escalates in the townships. In this revealing study, Marina Ottaway examines the new conflicts emerging in South Africa, the factors influencing them, and the probable outcome. She shows that the black-on-white conflict that has made the country a pariah in the past has evolved into a much more complex state of affairs and explains that the transition is likely to take an unprecedented form. Beginning with a brief history of the events since Mandela's release, Ottaway provides a vivid account of the evolving conflict over apartheid. She discusses the complexity of conflict resolution in a country where internal and external currents work against each other, and where the struggle for power transcends any strides toward peace. Ottaway thoroughly addresses the issues involved in South Africa's transition from apartheid. She explains that the abolition of the pervasive system has more far-reaching implications than originally thought. South Africa explores the effects that the international climate of the 1990s has had on the country's transition. Ottaway contends that the international community rejects apartheid but is unsympathetic to black demands for redistribution, and has condemned the white government's vision of separate development but accepts ethnic nationalism as inevitable. She describes the dramatic effects the new world order has had on South Africa and assesses what those changes will mean to the country's difficult transition.
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Editorial Reviews

Publishers Weekly - Publisher's Weekly
In a sober, careful style, Ottaway (who edited The Political Economy of Ethiopia ) provides a solid overview of the conflict-ridden South African political transition since negotiations began in 1990. Since Ottaway ends her account after constitutional talks broke off in late 1992, this book lacks analysis of the recently proposed temporary coalition between the ruling National Party and the African National Congress. Still, she provides a wealth of details and context: how the parties' sense they were negotiating from strength hampered progress; how State President F. W. de Klerk has tried to woo recalcitrant whites while compromising with opposition leaders; how ANC members criticized their leaders' non-democratic style. She observes that reform of local government--also rooted in racial separation--is more important in South Africa than in many other transitions. Ottaway is pessimistic about future political harmony and sometimes downplays government complicity in political violence; still, this is a valuable guide to an important phase in South Africa's history. (May)
Booknews
Traces in detail the period following the unbanning of the African National Congress and the ongoing transition to new power-sharing arrangements. Describes key individuals, parties, governing bodies, and new events; examines the process of dismantling apartheid at each level of government and in the economic realm; and looks at the long and frustrating negotiation process. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780815767152
  • Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
  • Publication date: 4/1/1993
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 264
  • Product dimensions: 6.00 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 0.60 (d)

Table of Contents

1 The Changing Conflict 1
The First Two Years 2
Conflict Resolution and Conflict Generation 9
Negotiating in the Absence of Crisis 12
Models of Transition 14
The Study 17
Pt. 1 The Actors 21
2 The Government Establishment 23
The Reformers at the Top 24
The National Party 29
The Bureaucracy 30
The Security Apparatus 32
The Afrikaner Broederbond and the Churches 36
3 The Liberation Establishment 42
The African National Congress 43
The Mass Democratic Movement 55
The Antiapartheid Churches 58
4 The Second Tier 63
The Would-Be Major Players 63
The Rejectionist Parties 76
The De Jure Participants 81
Pt. 2 The Arenas of Struggle 85
5 Toward a New Constitution 89
The Constitutional Models 90
The Politics of Constitution Making 104
6 The Local Arena 114
Local Government in South Africa 115
The National Party and Local Government in the 1990s 117
The ANC and the Civics: State Power and People's Power 121
Negotiating the Postapartheid City 125
7 The Economic Arena 132
The South African Economy 133
The Future of the Economy 134
The Congress of South African Trade Unions 135
The African National Congress 140
The Government and Economic Reform 143
The Business Community 147
Pt. 3 The Transition 153
8 The Failure of CODESA 157
The Assets 159
The Strategy 163
The Climate Surrounding Negotiations 173
9 Beyond Constitutional Negotiations 179
Integrating Groups Excluded from Negotiations 180
Converting Political Organizations into Parties 190
Tackling Noninstitutional Issues 192
10 Liberation and Reformism 198
The Second Phase 200
The International Context 205
Direct Foreign Influences 209
A Different Transition 212
Notes 215
Index 241
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