South in the History of the Nation: A Reader, Volume Two: From Reconstruction / Edition 1

South in the History of the Nation: A Reader, Volume Two: From Reconstruction / Edition 1

by William A. Link, Marjorie Spruill Wheeler, Marjorie Spruill Wheeler
     
 

A new kind of primary source reader for the U.S. survey, The South in the History of the Nation enlivens American history for students in the South by placing it in familiar contexts. Fifteen chapters in each volume explore episodes and issues of national import with a broad swath of regional examples. More than 100 readings drawn from southern sources

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Overview

A new kind of primary source reader for the U.S. survey, The South in the History of the Nation enlivens American history for students in the South by placing it in familiar contexts. Fifteen chapters in each volume explore episodes and issues of national import with a broad swath of regional examples. More than 100 readings drawn from southern sources — among them letters, speeches, diary entries, government records, newspaper articles, and interviews — balance a variety of political and social topics. Because the organization and pace of the chapters parallel most major survey tests, instructors can easily incorporate the documents into the survey course without making extensive alternations to the syllabus. Generous editorial apparatus — including chapter introductions that identify the relationship between the southern documents and the national history, headnotes, prereading questions, gloss notes, and bibliographies — guides students through the documents and constantly emphasizes their role in the American history survey course.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780312157876
Publisher:
Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date:
02/28/1999
Edition description:
First Edition
Pages:
331
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.60(d)

Table of Contents

Preface

VOLUME I

I. Cultures in Conflict: Indian-European Encounters in the American South
1. The Spanish and the Indians in "La Florida"
Garcilasso de la Vega, The Inca, On Hernando de Soto's Expedition, 1605
2. Indians in Virginia
Powhatan, Address to John Smith, 1608
3. The English in Virginia
John Smith, Description of Indian Life and Culture, 1612
4. The French on the Gulf Coast
Pierre Le Moyne, Sieur de d'Iberville, Journal Entries, 1699

II. Colonization: Religion and the Founding of Maryland
5. Catholic Intentions
Cecil Calvert, Lord Baltimore, Instructions to His Colonists, 1633
6. Jesuit Missionaries
Father Edward Knott, S. J., From the "Annual Letter of the English Province of the Society of Jesus," 1638
7. A Violent Confrontation
Leonard Strong, Babylon's Fall, 1655

III. The Crisis of the Late Seventeenth Century: Social Tensions and Rebellion in Virginia
8. The Servant's Experience
James Revel, "The Poor Unhappy Transported Felon's Sorrowful Account of His Fourteen Years Transportation at Virginia in America," c. 1680
9. The Lawne's Creek Rising
Evidence from the Surry County Deed Book and the Surry County Order Book, January 1673/74
10. Two Women View the Frontier
Elizabeth Bacon and Mary Horsmanden Byrd, Letters, 1676
11. Bacon's Rebellion
The Royal Commissioners, "A True Narrative of the Late Rebellion in Virginia," 1677

IV. The Eighteenth Century: Prosperity and the Planter Elite
12. A Life of Leisure
William Byrd, Entries from His Secret Diary, 1709
13. A Woman Planter in South Carolina
Eliza Pinckney, Letters to her Children, to George Morly, and to Mrs. Evance, 1758 - 1760
14. A Plantation Owner's Difficulties
Landon Carter, Entries from His Diary, 1766

V. Pre-Revolutionary America: The Regulators and the Carolina Backcountry in Turmoil
15. Pre-Revolutionary Turmoil: THe North Carolina Regulators
Edmund Fanning and Samuel Spencer, Letters to William Tryon, 1768
16. The Regulator Critique
Joshua Teague et al., Letter to Harmon Husbands, 1769
17. A Regulator Perspective
Harmon Husbands, Introduction to A Fan for Fanning and a Touch-Stone to Tryon, 1771
18. The Hillsborough Riot
Richard Henderson and the Virginia Gazette, Reports of the Riot, 1770

VI. The Revolution: A Proposal for Arming Slaves
19. The British Call Slaves to Arms
John Murray, Earl of Dunmore, Proclamation, 1775
20. A Patriot's "Scheme"
Henry Laurens and John Laurens, Correspondence between a Slaveholder and His Son, 1776-1779
21. Extreme Measures for Difficult Times
Alexander Hamilton, George Washington, Christopher Gadsen, John Laurens, and David Ramsay, Letters, 1779
22. Defeated By a "Triple-Headed Monster"
John Laurens and George Washington, Correspondence, 1782

VII. The Creation of the American Republic: Slavery and the Constitution
23. Slavery and Representation
James Madison, Debates in the Federal Convention, June 11-July 12, 1787
24. The African Slave Trade
James Madison, Debates in the Federal Convention, August 21-25, 1787
25. A Southerner Opposes the Three-Fifths Clause
Luther Martin, "Genuine Information," 1788
26. Ratification
Debates in South Carolina, Virginia, and North Carolina, 1788

VIII. The New Republic: The "Americanization" of New Orleans
27. Explaining the French Decision
Pierre Clément Laussat, Proclamation in the Name of the French Republic, to the Louisianians, 1803
28. Establishing a Government for Orleans Territory
Thomas Jefferson and William C. C. Claiborne, Correspondence, 1804
29. Fears for the Church in a Secular Republic
The Ursulines of New Orleans and Thomas Jefferson Correspondence, 1804
30. Creoles Demand the Civil Law
Legislative Council of the Territory of Orleans, Resolution, 1806
31. Changes in New Orleans Society
Benjamin Latrobe, Entries from His Diary, 1819

IX. The Age of Jackson: The Removal of the Cherokee
32. The Civilized State of the Cherokees
John Ridge, Letter to Albert Gallatin, 1826
33. Disputing Georgia's Claim
Chief John Ross, Annual Message to the Cherokee Nation, 1828
34. Justifying Removal
Wilson Lumpkin and Andrew Jackson, Arguments for Removal, 1830
35. The Trail of Tears
Evan Jones, Letters, 1838

X. Antebellum Reform: Religion and Morality in the Debate over Slavery
36. A Minister Defends Slavery
Richard Furman, The Biblical Justification for Slavery, 1822
37. Slavery Defended as Moral and Beneficial
George Fitzhugh, "Slavery Justified, by a Southerner," 1850
38. An "Expatriate" Urges Women to Oppose Slavery
Angelina Grimké, From "Appeal to the Christian Women of the South," 1836
39. A Former Slave Exposes Hypocrisy
Frederick Douglass, "What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?" 1852

XI. The Texas Frontier
40. Texas and the Union
Stephen F. Austin, Address Delivered at Louisville, Kentucky, 1836
41. Going to Texas
Ann Raney Thomas Coleman, A Frontier Marriage, 1830s
42. Life in Texas
Frederic Law Olmsted, "Route across Eastern Texas," 1857

XII. The Slave South: The Case of Jordan Hatcher
43. Trial and Conviction
Trial Record from the Case of Jordan Hatcher, 1852
44. Pleading for Justice
Petitions for and against Commutation, 1852
45. The Commutation
Governor Joseph Johnson, Messages to the Legislature, 1852
46. Virginians React
Newspaper Articles, 1852

XIII. The Sectional Crisis: John Brown's Raid, True Womanhood, and the Alienation of North and South
47. A Plea from Massachusetts
Lydia Maria Child, Letter to Governor Wise, 1859
48. The Virginia Governor's Response
Governor Wise, Letter to Lydia Maria Child, 1859
49. What Is a True Woman to Do?
Margaretta Mason and Lydia Maria Child, Correspondence, 1859

XIV. The Civil War: The Minds and Hearts of the Southern People
50. A Confederate Officer
William L. Nugent, Letters to Eleanor Smith Nugent, 1861-1865
51. A Confederate Soldier
John Dooley, Journal Entries, 1862 and 1863
52. A Young Woman in Occupied New Orleans
Clara Soloman, From Her Diary, 1862
53. A Unionist in Tennessee
W. G. Brownlow, Explaining Union Support from the Border States, 1862
54. Black Loyalists in Louisiana
Letters and Petition, 1862, 1864

XV. Reconstruction: Black Freedom and the Ku Klux Klan
55. The Rise of the Klan
Alexander K. Davis and Lydia Anderson, Testimony for the Joint Select Committee in Macon, Mississippi, 1871
56. A Northern View
Harper's Weekly, "The Ku-Klux Conspiracy," 1872
57. Missionary Women and Black Education
Maria Waterbury, From Seven Years among the Freedmen, 1890
58. The Legacy of the Klan
Albion W. Tourgée, "The Causes, Character, and Consequences of the Ku-Klux Organization," 1880

VOLUME II

I. Reconstruction: Black Freedom and the Ku Klux Klan
1. The Rise of the Klan
Alexander K. Davis and Lydia Anderson, Testimony for the Joint Select Committee of Macon, Mississippi, 1871
2. A Northern View
Harper's Weekly, "The Ku-Klux Conspiracy," 1872
3. Missionary Women and Black Education
Maria Waterbury, From Seven Years among the Freedmen, 1890
4. The Legacy of the Klan
Albion W. Tourgée, "The Causes, Character, and Consequences of the Ku-Klux Organization," 1880

II. Westward Expansion: The Texas Border Wars
5. Horse Thieves on the Mexican Border
Mexican Commission, Report on the Northern Frontier Question, 1875
6. "In the Country of the Bad Man"
Luvenia Conway Roberts, From A Woman's Reminiscences of Six Years in Camp with the Texas Rangers, 1928
7. Buffalo Soldiers on the Border
Major J. F. Wade, Colonel Edward Hatch, Edwards Pierreport, and Stephen Powers, Reports on the Solis Affair, 1875

III. The Gilded Age: The Farmers' Alliance and Populism
8. What Did Farmers Want?
"Little" Jennie Scott Wilson and Ben Terrell, Addresses to the Texas and Georgia Farmers' Alliances, 1888 and 1889
9. An Economic Proposal
Committee on the Monetary System, Report, 1889
10. The St. Louis Demands
The Farmer's Alliance and Industrial Union, Manifesto, 1889
11. The Alliance and Southern Politics
The National Economist, the Richmond Exchange Reporter, and the Virginia Sun, Newspaper Articles, 1890-1892
12. The Populist Program
The People's Party of America, Omaha Platform, 1892

IV. The 1890s: The New South and the "Nadir" of American Race Relations
13. The "Atlanta Compromise"
Booker T. Washington, Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895
14. Voices of Protest
Ida B. Wells and Alexander R. Manly, On Lynching, 1892 and 1898
15. An Explosion of Violence
Gunner Jesse Blake and Anonymous, On Racial Violence in Wilmington, North Carolina, 1898
16. A Plea for Justice
George H. White, Address to the United States House of Representatives, 1901

V. The Age of Industrialism: From Farm to Mill
17. Rural Life in Tennessee and Virginia
Lizzie (Sallie Newman) Gibson, Robert Barnett, Catherine Fitch Stout, and Hattie Murphey McDade, Oral History Interviews, 1939
18. Moving to the Mills
August Kohn, "Why They Go to the Mills," 1907
19. The Making of the Mill Community
Mary Frederickson and Brent Glass, Interview with Flossie Moore Durham, 1976

VI. The Progressive Era: Woman Suffrage and Progressivism in the South
20. A Woman's Place Is in Politics
Madeline McDowell Breckenridge, Adella Hunt Logan, and S. P. Brooks, Arguments for Woman Suffrage, 1912 and 1914
21. Southern Arguments against Suffrage
Antisuffrage Leaflets, 1915 and c. 1919
22. "The Pulse of the South"
The Southern Review, "How the South Really Feels about Woman Suffrage," 1920

VII. World War I: The Debate about Intervention
23. Public Opinion
Literary Digest, "American Sympathies in the War," 1914
24. The Case for Preparedness
Lilian Pike Roome and John Sharp Williams, Arguments for Intervention, 1915 and 1916
25. An Opponent of War
Claude Kitchin, Speech before Congress, 1917

VIII. The 1920s: Fundamentalism and The Scopes Trial
26. The Fundamentalist Case
T. T. Martin, From Hell and the High Schools, 1923
27. The Scopes Trial
Outlook, "Evolution in Tennessee," 1925
28. Surveying the Scene
John Porter Fort, "Behind the Scenes in Tennessee," 1925
29. Fundamentalism's Legacy
H. L. Mencken, Editorial, 1925

IX. The Great Depression: The New Deal and the New South
30. The Appeal of the Communist Party
Angelo Herndon, From You Cannot Kill the Working Class, c. 1934
31. Sharing the Wealth
Huey P. Long, from "Every Man a King", 1934
32. The Tennessee Valley Authority and Grass-Roots Democracy
Odette Keun, From A Foreigner Looks at the TVA, 1937

X. World War II: "The War that Brought Old Dixie Down"?
33. Serving in a Jim Crow Army
Charlie Mabrey Jr. and Clarence E. Adams, Letters to the Editor, 1943 and 1944
34. A Liberating Experience for African Americans
Myrlie Evers,On How the War's Impact on Medgar Evers, 1967
35. The Impact on Women
Marion Stegman, Polly Crow, Ernestine Slade, Peggy Terry, Audrey Ward Norman, Recollections of War jobs, 1943-on
36. Structural Changes in the South
John Dos Passos, "Gold Rush Down South," 1943

XI. The McCarthy Era: Frank Porter Graham and the Ordeal of Southern Liberalism
37. Dr. Frank Attacked
A. W. Black, "Looking at Dr. Frank Graham's Record," 1948
38. Frank Graham Defended
Wayne Morse, "In Fairness to a Great American"
39. The Fulton Lewis Broadcaset
Fulton Lewis Jr. and Frank Graham, Accusation and Response, 1949
40. HUAC and Southern Liberalism
House Un-American Activities Committee , Report on Frank Graham, 1949

XII. The Civil Rights Movement: Murder in Mississippi
41. Opening the "Closed Society"
Bob Moses, Hollis Watkins, Tom Hayden, Sandra Cason (Casey Hayden), Peter Orris, and Unita Blackwell, Interviews, 1970s
42. "Big Ambitions"
Rita Schwerner, Letter to Anne Braden, 1964
43. The Sovereignty Commission Investigates
A. L. Hopkins, Reports, 1964
44. The Response of the White Community
Florence Mars, From Witness in Philadelphia, 1977
45. "Be Sick and Tired with Me"
Dave Dennis, Eulogy for James Chaney, 1964

XIII. The Vietnam War: The South Divided
46. The War and Public Opinion
William C. Westmoreland, Oral History, 1990
47. Civil Rights and Foreign Policy
Martin Luther King Jr., "A Time to Break Silence," 1967
48. Race Relations in the Armed Services
Douglas Anderson, Donald L. Whitfield, Don F. Browne, and Reginald Edwards, Oral Histories, 1981 and 1984
49. Criticism of Protesters
Spiro T. Agnew, Speeches in Louisiana and Alabama, 1969
50. Student Protest and Community Response
"Concerned Students for Peace" and Washington, North Carolina, Residents, Letters to the Editor, 1970

XIV. The 1970s: The ERA and the Rise of the Pro-Family Movement
51. The President Pledges His Support
Jimmy Carter, Remarks on Signing Proclamation 4515, 1977
52. ERA Supporters Speak Out
Mary Bliss, Katie Morgan, Jessie Rae Scott, Marse Grant, and Elizabeth Koontz, Statements in Favor of Ratification, 1977
53. Southern Conservatives Fight the ERA
Sam Ervin, STOP ERA, and Jerry Falwell, Statements against Ratification, 1971, 1975, and 1980
54. Failures and Successes
Rosalyn Carter, Reflections on the Carter Administration's Record on Women's Rights, 1984

XV. Contemporary America: The New Immigration in South Florida
55. The Cuban Experience
Business Week, "How the Immigrants Made It in Miami" and "South Florida's Melting Pot Is about to Boil," 1971 and 1985
56. Haitian Boat People
Alex Stepick and Jake C. Miller, Accounts of Haitian Refugees, 1982 and 1984
57. Assimilation and Conflict
Mireya Navarro, "Black and Cuban American: Bias in Two Worlds," 1977

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