Souvenirs of the Fur Trade: Northwest Coast Indian Art and Artifacts Collected by American Mariners, 1788-1844

Souvenirs of the Fur Trade: Northwest Coast Indian Art and Artifacts Collected by American Mariners, 1788-1844

by Mary Malloy
     
 

ISBN-10: 0873658337

ISBN-13: 9780873658331

Pub. Date: 01/28/2000

Publisher: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection

American mariners made more than 175 voyages to the Northwest Coast during the half-century after the ships Columbia and Washington pioneered the route from Boston in 1787. Although obtaining sea otter pelts for the China trade was the original purpose of the voyages, the art and culture of Northwest Coast Indians so intrigued and fascinated American

Overview

American mariners made more than 175 voyages to the Northwest Coast during the half-century after the ships Columbia and Washington pioneered the route from Boston in 1787. Although obtaining sea otter pelts for the China trade was the original purpose of the voyages, the art and culture of Northwest Coast Indians so intrigued and fascinated American sailors that the collecting of ethnographic artifacts became an important secondary trade. The Indians traded masks, hats, paddles, pipes, fishhooks, spoons, clothing, and canoe models from their canoes to the decks of Yankee vessels.

In this act of exchange, the artifacts moved from one world to another--first to shipboard, and later to the "cabinets of curiosities" of learned societies in Massachusetts, where many of them found homes. The objects were the first examples of Northwest Coast Indian material culture to enter American museums, and they influenced perceptions of Northwest Coast Indian people and their complex cultures.

By carefully researching the records of ten institutions and the shipboard journals of more than a dozen mariners, Mary Malloy has brought details about these early collections together for the first time. From utilitarian objects to artistic masterpieces, these souvenirs tell a story of commerce and cultural exchange that reached across the continent during the period when Americans were first beginning to look westward.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780873658331
Publisher:
Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection
Publication date:
01/28/2000
Series:
Peabody Museum Series
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
176
Product dimensions:
8.54(w) x 10.94(h) x 0.49(d)

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements

Introduction

PART 1: COLLECTING ON THE COAST

Yankee Observations of Northwest Coast Indian Life

Souvenirs and Scientific Collecting

PART 2: NORTHWEST COAST INDIAN ARTIFACTS IN NEW ENGLAND COLLECTIONS

Salem East India Marine Society, 1799

Massachusetts Historical Society, 1791

Dartmouth College Museum, 1772

Deerfield Academy Museum, 1797

Boston Athenaeum, 1807

American Antiquarian Society, 1812

Boston Marine Society, 1742

Boston Museum, 1841

Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, 1867

Newburyport Marine Society, 1772

Historical Society of Old Newbury, 1877

Newburyport Maritime Society, 1974

Notes

Bibliography

Illustration Credits

Index

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