Space Mission Analysis and Design / Edition 3by James R. Wertz, James R. (Eds.) Wertz
Pub. Date: 08/28/1999
Publisher: Microcosm, Inc.
The second edition of Space Mission Analysis and Design continues the tradition of emphasizing the process of mission design establshed by the first edition. Process tables are now included for all elements of the design activity. The quick-reference tables of important mission design parameters have been expanded to six pages on the inside rear cover. Numerous… See more details below
The second edition of Space Mission Analysis and Design continues the tradition of emphasizing the process of mission design establshed by the first edition. Process tables are now included for all elements of the design activity. The quick-reference tables of important mission design parameters have been expanded to six pages on the inside rear cover. Numerous data tables have been expanded and updated, including space computers and a new presentation of satellite lifetimes. New sections have been added on defining the overall mission concept, subject trades, guidance and navigation, and applying the mission analysis and design process to reduce cost and risk in later program stages. The material on mission analysis, space payloads, spacecraft subsystems, and launch systems has been substantially revised. This book remains an invaluable tool for the concept exploration process and is requied reading for anyone involved in this process for unmanned space missions.
This book is intended for professionals and students in astronautics and space science, aerospace engineers and managers, and scientists involved with space experiments. It is also very suitable as a textbook in space mission analysis and design, or as supplementary reading for courses in virually any area of space technology.
Table of Contents
1. The Space Mission Analysis and Design Process.- 1.1 Introduction and Overview.- 1.2 The Space Mission Life Cycle.- 1.3 Definition of Mission Objectives.- 1.4 Preliminary Estimate of Mission Needs, Requirements, and Constraints.- 2. Mission Characterization.- 2.1 Identifying Alternative Mission Concepts.- 2.2 Identifying Alternative Mission Architectures.- 2.3 Identifying System Drivers.- 2.4 Characterizing the Mission Architecture.- 3. Mission Evaluation.- 3.1 Identification of Driving Requirements.- 3.2 Mission Analysis.- 3.3 Mission Utility.- 3.4 Mission Concept Selection.- 4. Requirements Definition.- 4.1 Role of Requirements in System Development.- 4.2 Requirements Analysis and Performance Budgeting.- 4.3 Requirements Specification.- 4.4 Summary: The Steps to a Requirements Baseline.- 5. Space Mission Geometry.- 5.1 Introduction to Geometry on the Celestial Sphere.- 5.2 Earth Geometry Viewed from Space.- 5.3 Apparent Motion of Satellites for an Observer on the Earth.- 5.4 Development of Mapping and Pointing Budgets.- 6. Introduction to Astrodynamics.- 6.1 Keplerian Orbits.- 6.2 Orbit Perturbations.- 6.3 Orbit Maneuvering.- 6.4 Launch Windows.- 6.5 Orbit Maintenance.- 7. Orbit and Constellation Design.- 7.1 The Orbit Design Process.- 7.2 Earth Coverage.- 7.3 The Delta-V Budget.- 7.4 Selecting Orbits for Earth-Referenced Spacecraft.- 7.5 Selecting Transfer, Parking, and Space-Referenced Orbits.- 7.6 Constellation Design.- 8. The Space Environment and Survivability.- 8.1 The Space Environment.- 8.2 Hardness and Survivability Requirements.- 9. Defining and Sizing Space Payloads.- 9.1 Types of Payloads.- 9.2 Overview of Payload Design and Sizing.- 9.3 Subject Trades.- 9.4 Overview of Observation Payloads.- 9.5 Designing Visual and IR Payloads.- 9.6 Payload Sizing.- 9.7 The FireSat Payload.- 10. Spacecraft Design and Sizing.- 10.1 Requirements, Constraints, and the Design Process.- 10.2 Spacecraft Configuration.- 10.3 Design Budgets.- 10.4 Designing the Spacecraft Bus.- 10.5 Integrating the Spacecraft Design.- 10.6 Examples.- 11. Spacecraft Subsystems.- 11.1 Attitude Determination and Control.- 11.2 Communications.- 11.3 Command and Data Handling.- 11.4 Power.- 11.5 Thermal.- 11.6 Structures and Mechanisms.- 11.7 Guidance and Navigation.- 12. Spacecraft Manufacture and Test.- 12.1 Engineering Data.- 12.2 Manufacture of High-Reliability Hardware.- 12.3 Inspection and Quality Assurance.- 12.4 The Qualification Program.- 12.5 Spacecraft Qualification Test Flow.- 12.6 Launch Site Operations.- 13. Communications Architecture.- 13.1 Communications Architecture.- 13.2 Data Rates.- 13.3 Link Design.- 13.4 Sizing the Payload.- 13.5 Special Topics.- 14. Mission Operations.- 14.1 Overview of Mission Operations.- 14.2 Spacecraft Operations.- 14.3 Personnel Training.- 14.4 Mission Planning.- 14.5 Engineering Support.- 15. Ground System Design and Sizing.- 15.1 The Ground System Design Process.- 15.2 A Ground System’s Basic Elements.- 15.3 The Typical Ground System.- 15.4 Alternatives To Building a Dedicated System.- 15.5 Key Design Considerations.- 16. Spacecraft Computer Systems.- 16.1 Allocating Requirements.- 16.2 Computer Resource Estimation.- 16.3 Development, Test, and Integration.- 17. Space Propulsion Systems.- 17.1 Propulsion Subsystem Selection and Sizing.- 17.2 Basics of Rocket Propulsion.- 17.3 Types of Rockets.- 17.4 Component Selection and Sizing.- 17.5 Staging.- 18. Launch Systems.- 18.1 Basic Launch Vehicle Considerations.- 18.2 Launch System Selection Process.- 18.3 Determining the Spacecraft Design Envelope and Environments.- 19. Space Logistics and Reliability.- 19.1 Space Logistics.- 19.2 Reliability During Space Mission Concept Exploration.- 20. Cost Modeling.- 20.1 Introduction to Cost Analysis.- 20.2 The Parametric Cost Estimation Process.- 20.3 Cost Estimating Relationships.- 20.4 Other Topics.- 20.5 FireSat Example.- 21. Limits on Mission Design.- 21.1 Law and Policy Considerations.- 21.2 Orbital Debris—A Man-made Hazard.- 22. Design of Low-Cost Spacecraft.- 22.1 Designing Low-Cost Space Systems.- 22.2 Small Space Systems Capabilities and Applications.- 22.3 Applying Miniature Satellite Technology to FireSat.- 22.4 Scaling from Large to Small Systems.- 22.5 Economics of Low-Cost Space Systems.- 22.6 Annotated Bibliography on Low-Cost Space Systems.- Epilogue. Applying Space Mission Analysis and Design.- E.1 Applying SMAD to Later Mission Phases.- E.2 Lessons Learned from Existing Space Programs.- E.3 Future Trends.- Appendix A. Mass Distribution for Selected Satellites.- Appendix B. Astronautical and Astrophysical Data.- Appendix C. Standard Notation.- Appendix D. Spherical Geometry Formulas.- Appendix E. Units and Conversion Factors.- Spaceflight Formulas.- Fundamental Physical Constants.- Spaceflight Constants.- Index to Process Tables.- Earth Satellite Parameters.
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Being a graduate student in technical space studies, I have used Space Mission Analysis and Design (affectionately known as SMAD) in all of my satellite engineering classes, and even in the 'soft science' space classes (policy, law, etc.). The wealth of knowledge contained in SMAD would take years to obtain through traditional engineering texts - these authors knew what was relevant to designing space missions (near Earth through interplanetary), and all of the associated issues and compiled it into these 1010 pages. If you're a satellite operator, designer, mission planner, space studies student or just interested in HOW spacecraft and space mission requirements are developed, SMAD (Space Technology Library Vol 8) needs to be the first of many texts added to your space library.