Space Psychology and Psychiatry

Hardcover (Print)
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Overview

This 2nd Edition contains 28% more text, which been revised and updated; includes several recent studies involving astronauts and cosmonauts; and discusses the new field of space tourism. It deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based simulation studies, this book emphasizes the findings from psychological research conducted during actual space missions. Both authors have been active in such research. What is presented in this readable text has previously been found only in scientific journal articles. Topics that are discussed include: behavioral adaptation to space; human performance and cognitive effects; crewmember interactions; psychiatric responses; psychological counter-measures related to habitability factors, work-design, selection, training, and in-flight monitoring and support; and the impact of expeditionary missions to Mars and beyond.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
Reviews 1st edition:
"This book is not just a record of what can go wrong with regard to mental health and performance, but explores a number of prudent psychological, ergonomic, and design engineering countermeasures to help guide future mission planners and spacecraft engineers[…]Written in a clear and engaging style, this book will not only interest the general space enthusiast, but all human factors specialists and anyone else studying the human reaction to extreme and unusual environments. As a comprehensive account of what we have learned so far about the psychological challenges of space travel, Space Psychology and Psychiatry should also be on the bookshelf of any researcher plotting the future course of human spaceflight."
(Ergonomics in Design)

"This slim volume contains almost all that one could possibly want to know about current issues regarding the psychology of human space exploration. This is an extremely important book, particularly with a manned U.S. mission to Mars planned for the near future.
This impressive book is an essential step on the way to communicating an understanding of these issues to a wider audience. It deserves to be in the library of anyone interested in space exploration and space science, and may well serve as an essential textbook in the field.
The book may serve as a textbook for researchers but should also appeal to a wider, nonprofessional audience."
David W. Brook, M.D., Professor of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781402013416
  • Publisher: Microcosm Press
  • Publication date: 9/28/2003
  • Series: Space Technology Library
  • Pages: 210
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Humans in space 1

1.2 Stressors and stress in space 1

1.3 Sources of information 3

1.4 Basic assumptions 6

1.5 Summary 9

2 Basic Issues Of Human Adaptation to Space Flight 15

2.1 Space as an extreme environment 15

2.2 Issues of physiological adaptation 16

2.3 Sleep and circadian rhythms 27

2.4 Psychological adaptation to long-duration space flight: general characteristics 34

2.5 Summary 39

3 Human Performance 49

3.1 Basic issues 49

3.2 Possible origins of cognitive performance decrements in space 50

3.3 Empirical findings from space: cognitive neuroscience research 55

3.4 Empirical findings from space: human performance monitoring 63

3.5 Complex cognitive and perceptual-motor skills 78

3.6 Summary 80

4 Human Interactions 89

4.1 Interpersonal issues 89

4.2 Crew heterogeneity 90

5 Psychiatric Issues 135

5.1 Behavioral health and salutogenesis 135

5.2 Empirical findings from space: positive psychological aspects of space flight 136

5.3 Psychiatric problems in space 139

5.4 Asthenia 144

5.5 Treatment considerations 150

5.6 Psychiatric research in space 153

5.7 Summary 154

6 Psychological Countermeasures 161

6.1 General aspects 161

6.2 Habitability factors 162

6.3 Work design issues 167

6.4 Selection and crew composition 169

6.5 Training 179

6.6 Crew monitoring 188

6.7 In-flight support 193

6.8 Post-flight readjustment support 197

6.9 Summary 199

7 Future Challenges 211

7.1 Space tourism 211

7.2 Going beyond the Earth's orbit 213

7.3 Future human missions to the Moon and Mars 214

7.4 Applicability of current psychological knowledge to space missions beyond the Earth'sorbit 216

7.5 Empirical findings from space: cosmonaut survey regarding a mission to Mars 219

7.6 Human missions to Mars: new psychological challenges 220

7.7 Research directions 229

7.8 Summary 231

Index 237

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