Space Psychology and Psychiatry / Edition 2

Space Psychology and Psychiatry / Edition 2

by Nick Kanas, Dietrich Manzey
     
 

ISBN-10: 1402067690

ISBN-13: 9781402067693

Pub. Date: 06/03/2008

Publisher: Springer Netherlands

This 2nd Edition contains 28% more text, which been revised and updated; includes several recent studies involving astronauts and cosmonauts; and discusses the new field of space tourism. It deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based…  See more details below

Overview

This 2nd Edition contains 28% more text, which been revised and updated; includes several recent studies involving astronauts and cosmonauts; and discusses the new field of space tourism. It deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based simulation studies, this book emphasizes the findings from psychological research conducted during actual space missions. Both authors have been active in such research. What is presented in this readable text has previously been found only in scientific journal articles. Topics that are discussed include: behavioral adaptation to space; human performance and cognitive effects; crewmember interactions; psychiatric responses; psychological counter-measures related to habitability factors, work-design, selection, training, and in-flight monitoring and support; and the impact of expeditionary missions to Mars and beyond.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781402067693
Publisher:
Springer Netherlands
Publication date:
06/03/2008
Series:
Space Technology Library Series, #22
Edition description:
2nd ed. 2008
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.80(d)

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 1

1.1 Humans in space 1

1.2 Stressors and stress in space 1

1.3 Sources of information 3

1.4 Basic assumptions 6

1.5 Summary 9

2 Basic Issues Of Human Adaptation to Space Flight 15

2.1 Space as an extreme environment 15

2.2 Issues of physiological adaptation 16

2.3 Sleep and circadian rhythms 27

2.4 Psychological adaptation to long-duration space flight: general characteristics 34

2.5 Summary 39

3 Human Performance 49

3.1 Basic issues 49

3.2 Possible origins of cognitive performance decrements in space 50

3.3 Empirical findings from space: cognitive neuroscience research 55

3.4 Empirical findings from space: human performance monitoring 63

3.5 Complex cognitive and perceptual-motor skills 78

3.6 Summary 80

4 Human Interactions 89

4.1 Interpersonal issues 89

4.2 Crew heterogeneity 90

5 Psychiatric Issues 135

5.1 Behavioral health and salutogenesis 135

5.2 Empirical findings from space: positive psychological aspects of space flight 136

5.3 Psychiatric problems in space 139

5.4 Asthenia 144

5.5 Treatment considerations 150

5.6 Psychiatric research in space 153

5.7 Summary 154

6 Psychological Countermeasures 161

6.1 General aspects 161

6.2 Habitability factors 162

6.3 Work design issues 167

6.4 Selection and crew composition 169

6.5 Training 179

6.6 Crew monitoring 188

6.7 In-flight support 193

6.8 Post-flight readjustment support 197

6.9 Summary 199

7 Future Challenges 211

7.1 Space tourism 211

7.2 Going beyond the Earth's orbit 213

7.3 Future human missions to the Moon and Mars 214

7.4 Applicability of current psychological knowledge to space missions beyond the Earth'sorbit 216

7.5 Empirical findings from space: cosmonaut survey regarding a mission to Mars 219

7.6 Human missions to Mars: new psychological challenges 220

7.7 Research directions 229

7.8 Summary 231

Index 237

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