Space Vehicle Design, Second Edition / Edition 2

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Winner of the Summerfield Book Award!

The second edition continues to fulfill the book's original goal—that of linking and integrating the many disciplines relevant to the field of space systems engineering in a way that is impossible when they are considered separately, or even in one text that is the product of many authors. The text starts with an overall description of the basic mission considerations for spacecraft design, including space environment, astrodynamics, and atmospheric reentry. Then the various subsystems are discussed, and in each case, both the theoretical background and the current engineering practice are fully explained. Some material has been updated to make the treatment consistent with current experience and practice in the field. At the same time, there is much that remains relevant from what are now the earlier decades of the space program. Nothing of real value has been omitted merely on the grounds that it is old. This edition contains a new chapter on reliability analysis, much new technical material in other sections, and many homework problems. The book provides the space systems engineer with the tools to evaluate the overall impact of candidate design concepts on the various component subsystems and the integrated system leading to the final design selection.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781563475399
  • Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics
  • Publication date: 2/28/2004
  • Series: AIAA Education Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 660
  • Sales rank: 1,230,439
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 9.00 (h) x 1.50 (d)

Meet the Author

Michael D. Griffin has participated in numerous space missions in the course of a career in government, industry, and the national laboratories. As an adjunct professor at the University of Maryland, the Johns Hopkins University, and the

George Washington University, he has taught a variety of courses in aerospace engineering and applied mathematics. He is a Fellow of the AIAA and the AAS, a recipient of the AIAA Space Systems Award, and a two-term AIAA Director-at-Large. He is a registered professional Engineer and holds seven degrees in the fields of physics, aerospace engineering, electrical engineering, civil engineering, and business administration.

James R. French, after receiving a BSME from MIT in 1958, worked at the Rocketdyne Division of Rockwell International on the development and testing of the H-l, F-1 and J-2 engines for the Apollo/Saturn launch vehicles, and at TRW on the Apollo Lunar Module descent engine. While with the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory from 1967 to 1986, he participated in the Mariner, Viking, Voyager, and SP-100 programs and many advanced-mission studies. During 1986 and 1987 he was VP-Engineering of the American Rocket Company. Since 1987 he has been in private practice as a consultant in space systems engineering. An AIAA Associate Fellow, he has been a member of several AIAA Technical Committees, chaired the AIAA Space Systems Technical Committee, and has received the Shuttle Flag Award.

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Table of Contents

Preface xv
Preface to the Previous Edition xvii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Systems Engineering Process 2
1.3 Requirements and Tradeoffs 6
Bibliography 16
Chapter 2 Mission Design 17
2.1 Introduction 17
2.2 Low Earth Orbit 17
2.3 Medium-Altitude Earth Orbit 25
2.4 Geosynchronous Earth Orbit 25
2.5 Lunar and Deep Space Missions 30
2.6 Advanced Mission Concepts 38
Bibliography 47
Chapter 3 Spacecraft Environment 49
3.1 Introduction 49
3.2 Earth Environment 50
3.3 Launch Environment 54
3.4 Atmospheric Environment 58
3.5 Space and Upper Atmosphere Environment 69
References 99
Problems 100
Chapter 4 Astrodynamics 103
4.1 Introduction 103
4.2 Fundamentals of Orbital Mechanics 104
4.3 Non-Keplerian Motion 137
4.4 Basic Orbital Maneuvers 155
4.5 Interplanetary Transfer 167
4.6 Perturbation Methods 179
4.7 Orbital Rendezvous 180
References 186
Problems 189
Chapter 5 Propulsion 193
5.1 Rocket Propulsion Fundamentals 194
5.2 Ascent Flight Mechanics 214
5.3 Launch Vehicle Selection 229
References 268
Problems 269
Chapter 6 Atmospheric Entry 273
6.1 Introduction 273
6.2 Fundamentals of Entry Flight Mechanics 274
6.3 Fundamentals of Entry Heating 298
6.4 Entry Vehicle Designs 315
6.5 Aeroassisted Orbit Transfer 317
References 318
Bibliography 320
Problems 320
Chapter 7 Attitude Determination and Control 325
7.1 Introduction 325
7.2 Basic Concepts and Terminology 326
7.3 Review of Rotational Dynamics 336
7.4 Rigid Body Dynamics 340
7.5 Space Vehicle Disturbance Torques 343
7.6 Passive Attitude Control 349
7.7 Active Control 353
7.8 Attitude Determination 363
7.9 System Design Considerations 373
References 376
Problems 377
Chapter 8 Configuration and Structural Design 383
8.1 Introduction 383
8.2 Design Drivers 383
8.3 Spacecraft Design Concepts 392
8.4 Mass Properties 412
8.5 Structural Loads 417
8.6 Large Structures 427
8.7 Materials 428
References 433
Chapter 9 Thermal Control 435
9.1 Introduction 435
9.2 Spacecraft Thermal Environment 436
9.3 Thermal Control Methods 437
9.4 Heat Transfer Mechanisms 440
9.5 Spacecraft Thermal Modeling and Analysis 458
References 466
Problems 467
Chapter 10 Power Systems 469
10.1 Introduction 469
10.2 Power System Functions 470
10.3 Power System Evolution 471
10.4 Power System Design Drivers 472
10.5 Power System Elements 474
10.6 Design Practice 475
10.7 Batteries 478
10.8 Primary Power Source 486
10.9 Solar Arrays 487
10.10 Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators 498
10.11 Fuel Cells 501
10.12 Power Conditioning and Control 502
10.13 Future Concepts 505
References 509
Problems 509
Chapter 11 Telecommunications 511
11.1 Introduction 511
11.2 Command Subsystem 512
11.3 Hardware Redundancy 513
11.4 Autonomy 514
11.5 Command Subsystem Elements 516
11.6 Radio Frequency Elements 530
11.7 Spacecraft Tracking 548
References 563
Problems 564
Chapter 12 Reliability Analysis 567
12.1 Introduction 567
12.2 Review of Probability Theory 568
12.3 Random Variables 572
12.4 Special Probability Distributions 576
12.5 System Reliability 582
12.6 Statistical Inference 589
12.7 Design Considerations 600
References 605
Problems 606
Appendix A Random Processes 609
Appendix B Tables 619
Bibliography 643
Index 645
Series Listing 661
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