Spacefaring: The Human Dimension / Edition 1

Spacefaring: The Human Dimension / Edition 1

by Albert A. Harrison
     
 

ISBN-10: 0520236777

ISBN-13: 9780520236776

Pub. Date: 11/10/2002

Publisher: University of California Press

The stars have always called us, but only for the past forty years or so have we been able to respond by traveling in space. This book explores the human side of spaceflight: why people are willing to brave danger and hardship to go into space; how human culture has shaped past and present missions; and the effects of space travel on health and well-being. A

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Overview

The stars have always called us, but only for the past forty years or so have we been able to respond by traveling in space. This book explores the human side of spaceflight: why people are willing to brave danger and hardship to go into space; how human culture has shaped past and present missions; and the effects of space travel on health and well-being. A comprehensive and authoritative treatment of its subject, this book combines statistical studies, rich case histories, and gripping anecdotal detail as it investigates the phenomenon of humans in space—from the earliest spaceflights to the missions of tomorrow.

Drawing from a strong research base in the behavioral sciences, Harrison covers such topics as habitability, crew selection and training, coping with stress, group dynamics, accidents, and more.
In addition to taking a close look at spacefarers themselves, Spacefaring reviews the broad organizational and political contexts that shape human progress toward the heavens. With the ongoing construction of the International Space Station, the human journey to the stars continues, and this book will surely help guide the way.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780520236776
Publisher:
University of California Press
Publication date:
11/10/2002
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
342
Sales rank:
773,729
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.88(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Prefacexi
Acknowledgmentsxvii
1.Why Space?1
The Beckoning Heavens
Knowledge Motives
Advancing Science and Technology
Education and Human Resource Development
Economic Motives
Spin-Offs
Managing Life on Planet Earth
Use of Space Resources
Space Tourism
Psychological and Social Motives
Personal Motivation
Uniting Humanity
Conclusion
2.Spaceflight Human Factors19
Systems
Human Factors
The Changing Conditions of Spaceflight
Lessons from Space, Lessons from Earth
Spaceflight
Simulated Spaceflight Environments
Maritime Environments
Polar Environments
Conclusion
3.Hazards and Countermeasures38
Environmental Risks
Acceleration
Microgravity
Radiation
Maintaining Health in Space
Preventative Measures
In-Flight Medical Treatment
Conclusion
4.Life Support58
Spacecraft and Habitats
Visiting Space and the Race to the Moon
Shuttles and Space Stations
Life Support Systems
Artificial Atmosphere
Temperature
Water
Food
Clothing
Waste Management
In Situ Resource Utilization
Biospheres
Planetary Engineering
Conclusion
5.Habitability80
Architectural Considerations
Forms and Configurations
Deployable Structures
Privacy
Functional Aesthetics
Lighting
Sound Control
Odor Control
Conclusion
6.Selection and Training98
Selection
Basic Qualifications
Psychological Criteria
Ability
Stability
Social Compatibility
Training
Informal and Formal Training
Applying Principles of Learning
Simulators
Education in Space
Conclusion
7.Stress and Coping117
Sources of Stress
Physical Environmental Stressors
Interpersonal Stressors
Organizational Stressors
Consequences of Stress
Cognitive Effects
Health
Psychological Reactions over Time
Managing Stress
Personal Coping
Peer Support
Psychological Support Groups
Psychiatric Health Maintenance Facilities
Conclusion
8.Group Dynamics137
Crew Composition
Crew Size
Age
Gender and Ethnicity
International Crews
Group Structure and Process
Leadership
Communication
Conformity
Cohesiveness
Decision Making
Conflict
Factionalism
Conflicts with Mission Control
Conclusion
9.At Work158
Spaceflight Conditions and Human Performance
Perception
Circadian Rhythms
Working in Microgravity
Space Suits and Extravehicular Activities
Role Loading
The Spacefarer's Tool Kit
Work Spaces
Basic Tools
Partnering With Intelligent Machines
Assigning Tasks to People and Machines
Trust
Who's in Charge Here?
Conclusion
10.Mishaps173
Failures and Errors
Psychological Factors
Small-Group Factors
Organizational Factors
Designs
Quality and Reliability
Safety Devices
User-Friendly Designs
Keeping the Operator in the Loop
Conclusion
11.Off Duty190
Self-Maintenance
Personal Hygiene
Eating and Drinking
Sleeping
Sex in Space
Leisure Time Activities
Self-Improvement
Recreation
Maintaining Contact with Family and Friends
Down to Earth
Family Relationships
Working with the Public
Retirement
Conclusion
12.Space Tourism206
Tourist-Friendly Spaceflight
Who Can Go?
Tourist Accommodations
Tourist Activities
Suborbital Flight
Orbital Flights
Hotels and Resorts
Fitting in
Tourists and Professionals
Environmental Protection
Conclusion
13.Space Settlements222
Visions of the Future
Moonbase
Mars
Orbiting Colonies
The Millennial Project
Life On the High Frontier
Existence Needs
Relatedness Needs
Growth Needs
Conclusion
14.Interstellar Migration241
Starflight
Destinations
Interstellar Spacecraft
Multigeneration Missions
Slowships
Fastships
Single-Generation Missions
Shorten the Flight
Lengthen Life
Interstellar Humanity
Population
Cultures
Interstellar Politics
Conclusion
15.Restoring the Deram262
What Went Wrong on the Way to the Future?
Public Opinion
Constituencies
Organizational Dynamics
Back to the Future
Cutting Costs
Partnerships
Conclusion
Notes281
Index313

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