Spain and the Independence of the United States: An Intrinsic Gift

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Overview

The role of Spain in the birth of the United States is a little known and little understood aspect of U.S. independence. Through actual fighting, provision of supplies, and money, Spain helped the young British colonies succeed in becoming an independent nation. Soldiers were recruited from all over the Spanish empire, from Spain itself and from throughout Spanish America. Many died fighting British soldiers and their allies in Central America, the Caribbean, along the Mississippi River from New Orleans to St. Louis and as far north as Michigan, along the Gulf Coast to Mobile and Pensacola, as well as in Europe.

Based on primary research in the archives of Spain, this book is about United States history at its very inception, placing the war in its broadest international context. In short, the information in this book should provide a clearer understanding of the independence of the United States, correct a longstanding omission in its history, and enrich its patrimony. It will appeal to anyone interested in the history of the Revolutionary War and in Spain's role in the development of the Americas.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780826327949
  • Publisher: University of New Mexico Press
  • Publication date: 1/28/2004
  • Edition description: Reprint
  • Pages: 330
  • Sales rank: 1,000,270

Meet the Author

Thomas E. Chávez is the former director of the National Hispanic Cultural Center, Albuquerque, and the former curator and director of the Palace of the Governors, Museum of New Mexico, Santa Fe.

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Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction 1
1 From Defeat ... and Victory, to 1777 18
2 Posturing Early: The Spanish Lakes and South America, from 1776 33
3 Independence and the Common Foe 45
4 Floridablanca and the Policy of Patience 70
5 Duplicity in Favor of the Americans, 1777 89
6 Antebellum Anxiety, 1777-1779 101
7 Illinois to Guatemala: A Benevolent Neutrality and Preparation, 1778-1779 113
8 Negotiations and the Spanish Declaration of War 126
9 European Allies, 1779-1783 137
10 Central America: An Integral Defense, 1779-1783 150
11 The Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast - Casting the Dice 166
12 A Costly Blow to British Prestige, 1780-1781 184
13 Yorktown, the Bahamas, and Peace, 1781-1783 198
Conclusions and Epilogue 213
Appendices 223
Notes 226
Selected Bibliography 270
Index 279
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