Spaniards In The Holocaust

Spaniards In The Holocaust

by David Wingeate Pike
     
 

ISBN-10: 0415227801

ISBN-13: 9780415227803

Pub. Date: 06/29/2000

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

This important work focuses on the experience of the large Spanish contingent within the Mauthausen concentration camp, one of the least known but most terrible camps in Nazi Germany. Refugees from the repercussions of the Civil War, 7,000 Spanish Republicans were arrested in France by the invading Nazis in the collapse of 1940. A microcosm of the experience of

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Overview

This important work focuses on the experience of the large Spanish contingent within the Mauthausen concentration camp, one of the least known but most terrible camps in Nazi Germany. Refugees from the repercussions of the Civil War, 7,000 Spanish Republicans were arrested in France by the invading Nazis in the collapse of 1940. A microcosm of the experience of national prisoner communities, their story possesses a unique historical value. No other national group succeeded in placing its members in all the key clerical positions in the SS administration, and no other group managed to hide and save all its basic records.
Vilified by Franco and condemned by Hitler, their story makes an outstanding contribution to the literature of the holocaust.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780415227803
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Publication date:
06/29/2000
Series:
Routledge/Canada Blanch Studies on Contemporary Spain Series
Pages:
472
Product dimensions:
6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

List of plates
Preface
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations, acronyms and portmanteau words
A glossary of terms
Comparative ranks
Pt. IThe SS archipelago1
1Captives in the Channel Islands3
2Deported to the Stalags9
3The Spaniards and the KZ universe11
4Classification and stratification14
5Opposing programmes: extenuation versus extermination18
6Everyday life in the KZ22
7Oranienburg, Buchenwald and Mauthausen compared29
8The survival of the evidence32
Pt. IIMauthausen, Category Three43
1The arrival45
2The outer circle: the SS staff51
3The inner circle: the Kapos60
4The first Spanish contingents63
5International friction and the brothel69
6The Spaniards as seen by others75
7The paradox of entertainment79
8The Revier, antechamber of death83
9The quarry and the 186 steps89
10Local Kommandos93
11The Nebenlager95
12Schloss Hartheim and the mobile gas chamber109
13Escape and the SS response112
Pt. IIISurvival121
1The nucleus of a resistance123
2A Spaniard enters the Central Administration Office127
3A Spaniard enters the photo lab133
4Franco's consulate in Vienna144
5A marriage at Auschwitz148
6Holy Night150
7A visit to Melk155
8An international committee forms157
9Atrocities against Allied prisoners161
10The Resistance forms a military branch165
11Reds and Blues replace the Greens and Blacks170
12Incidents in the photo lab173
13The Soviet break-out from the Death Block178
14Mauthausen as the terminus of evacuation185
15Growing fears of a general massacre192
16The evacuation of the last Nebenlager199
17The photos and the Poschacher boys204
18The departure of the SS208
Pt. IVLiberation217
1The Soviet assault from the east219
2The American assault from the west225
3The liberation of Gusen and Mauthausen233
4The night of 5-6 May240
5The return of the Americans to Mauthausen253
6Ebensee: the last liberation264
7The American-Soviet link-up270
8The final German surrender273
9Punishment and impunity for the SS criminals280
Epilogue293
Notes313
Annexes389
Bibliography417
Index427

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