Spaniards In The Holocaust

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This important work focuses on the experience of the large Spanish contingent within the Mauthausen concentration camp, one of the least known but most terrible camps in Nazi Germany. Refugees from the repercussions of the Civil War, 7,000 Spanish Republicans were arrested in France by the invading Nazis in the collapse of 1940. A microcosm of the experience of national prisoner communities, their story possesses a unique historical value. No other national group succeeded in placing its members in all the key clerical positions in the SS administration, and no other group managed to hide and save all its basic records.
Vilified by Franco and condemned by Hitler, their story makes an outstanding contribution to the literature of the holocaust.

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Product Details

Table of Contents

List of plates
Abbreviations, acronyms and portmanteau words
A glossary of terms
Comparative ranks
Pt. I The SS archipelago 1
1 Captives in the Channel Islands 3
2 Deported to the Stalags 9
3 The Spaniards and the KZ universe 11
4 Classification and stratification 14
5 Opposing programmes: extenuation versus extermination 18
6 Everyday life in the KZ 22
7 Oranienburg, Buchenwald and Mauthausen compared 29
8 The survival of the evidence 32
Pt. II Mauthausen, Category Three 43
1 The arrival 45
2 The outer circle: the SS staff 51
3 The inner circle: the Kapos 60
4 The first Spanish contingents 63
5 International friction and the brothel 69
6 The Spaniards as seen by others 75
7 The paradox of entertainment 79
8 The Revier, antechamber of death 83
9 The quarry and the 186 steps 89
10 Local Kommandos 93
11 The Nebenlager 95
12 Schloss Hartheim and the mobile gas chamber 109
13 Escape and the SS response 112
Pt. III Survival 121
1 The nucleus of a resistance 123
2 A Spaniard enters the Central Administration Office 127
3 A Spaniard enters the photo lab 133
4 Franco's consulate in Vienna 144
5 A marriage at Auschwitz 148
6 Holy Night 150
7 A visit to Melk 155
8 An international committee forms 157
9 Atrocities against Allied prisoners 161
10 The Resistance forms a military branch 165
11 Reds and Blues replace the Greens and Blacks 170
12 Incidents in the photo lab 173
13 The Soviet break-out from the Death Block 178
14 Mauthausen as the terminus of evacuation 185
15 Growing fears of a general massacre 192
16 The evacuation of the last Nebenlager 199
17 The photos and the Poschacher boys 204
18 The departure of the SS 208
Pt. IV Liberation 217
1 The Soviet assault from the east 219
2 The American assault from the west 225
3 The liberation of Gusen and Mauthausen 233
4 The night of 5-6 May 240
5 The return of the Americans to Mauthausen 253
6 Ebensee: the last liberation 264
7 The American-Soviet link-up 270
8 The final German surrender 273
9 Punishment and impunity for the SS criminals 280
Epilogue 293
Notes 313
Annexes 389
Bibliography 417
Index 427
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