Spanish Agriculture: The Long Siesta, 1765-1965

Spanish Agriculture: The Long Siesta, 1765-1965

by James Simpson
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521496306

ISBN-13: 9780521496308

Pub. Date: 01/28/2013

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

Spanish agriculture: the long Siesta, 1765-1965 is the first major study in English of Spanish agrarian history. James Simpson examines how traditional agriculture responded to population growth and the integration of commodity markets, emphasising both Spain's regional variations and its context in Europe. Simpson argues that decisive changes in farming techniques…  See more details below

Overview

Spanish agriculture: the long Siesta, 1765-1965 is the first major study in English of Spanish agrarian history. James Simpson examines how traditional agriculture responded to population growth and the integration of commodity markets, emphasising both Spain's regional variations and its context in Europe. Simpson argues that decisive changes in farming techniques only occurred at the start of this century, leading to rising labour productivity and the start of the rural exodus. Development was interrupted in the 1930s and 1940s, only resuming in the 1950s. He rejects arguments that slow growth can be explained by poor resources or inefficient farmers. Indeed, farmers were quick to change when they had market opportunities (as was the case with olive oil, oranges and rice). By contrast, change was slower in those areas such as cereals where traditional technologies remained profitable. Simpson concludes that there were strict limits on absorbing labour in Spain's dry lands, and labour was retained in agriculture because of government policies.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521496308
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
01/28/2013
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Modern Economic History Series, #2
Pages:
320
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.83(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

List of illustrations
List of tables
Acknowledgements
Note on the regional division of Spain
Abbreviations and conventions
Introduction1
Pt. IThe relative backwardness of Spanish agriculture
1Spanish agriculture: the long view13
2Unlocking the puzzle of stagnation: regional variations33
Pt. IITraditional technologies and market opportunities, 1765-1880
3Agricultural growth and stagnant technology61
4Agricultural specialisation and the growth of markets80
Pt. IIIThe limits to technical change, 1880-1936
5Soil fertility and the chemical revolution101
6Intensive cultivation and irrigation - a solution to low productivity?126
7The reluctance to mechanise148
Pt. IVMarkets and institutions, 1880-1936
8The growth of the home market and agricultural specialisation177
9Agricultural exports and the international economy203
10The political economy of Spanish agriculture221
Pt. VThe State and the end of traditional agriculture
11The modernisation of Spanish Agriculture, 1939-1965243
Conclusion
12Spanish agricultural change in a European context265
Appendix: Estimates of agricultural output and consumption in nineteenth-century Spain280
Bibliography288
Index310

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