Spanning Japan's Modern Century / Edition 288

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In 1942, Hugh Borton, then a 39-year-old assistant professor of Japanese history, was called to serve in the State Department. Here he rose rapidly to become one of the principal architects of United States policy toward post-war Japan. Drawn from Borton's personal papers, this work provides a fresh and intimate picture of the man who played a pivotal role in defining the meaning of unconditional surrender for Japan, retaining the Emperor, and designing Japan's post-war constitution. It sheds new light on the development of the United States' post-war Japanese policy and the often-fractious relationships between the various agencies tasked with its creation and implementation. The author of Japan's Modern Century, director of Columbia University's East Asian Institute, and later president of the Association for Asian Studies, Hugh Borton dedicated his life to strengthening the academic, cultural, and humanitarian ties between Japan and the United States.

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Editorial Reviews

Richard Sims
Spanning Japan's Modern Century will be greatly welcomed by historians. As one of the first Americans to work seriously on Japanese history, Hugh Borton's account of his career provides absorbing reading for anyone interested in the early development of Japanese studies in the West, but his exceptional experience as a State Department official in the crucial years between 1942 and 1948 give his recollections a further significance of a quite different kind. They offer an insider's view of, among many other things, American wartime planning for post-surrender Japan, relations between Washington and General MacArthur in the early stages of the postwar Occupation of Japan, and the attempts by the Far Eastern Commission to influence the process of Japanese constitutional reform in 1946, and they also throw new light on the problems Washington faced in dealing with Korea in the aftermath of Japan's defeat. Other Americans who were involved in this key period for East Asia have written about their experiences, but the length of Borton's service and his central role in shaping American policy on such vital issues as the treatment of the emperor and Japanese political reform give these memoirs a unique importance.
Akira Iriye
This autobiography by Hugh Borton, published posthumously, is a moving account of one man's quest for truth and wisdom as he pursued a career as a pioneering scholar of modern Japan and as an equally path-blazing official in Washington involved in policy decisions concerning that country. . . . The book will fill the hearts of all readers with warmth and wonder that one person, without any prior connections, should have contributed so much to U.S.-Japanese relations out of the sheer strength of his character and sense of history.
James L. McClain
The Borton memoirs provide fascinating insights into Japan's modern history from a scholar who first traveled to that country in 1928 and later played a key role in designing the political reforms implemented during the Occupation.
Carol Gluck
An engaging memoir of a pacifist Quaker historian of Japan who, during World War II, found himself a principal drafter of US policy for postwar Japan,including the decision to retain the emperor and allow economic reconstruction after the defeat. However larger than life General Douglas MacArthur liked to appear, history in postwar East Asia was also made by quiet, sober figures like Borton, ordinary people working in extraordinary times.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780739103913
  • Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group Inc
  • Publication date: 10/16/2002
  • Series: Studies of Modern Japan Series
  • Edition number: 288
  • Pages: 286
  • Product dimensions: 6.14 (w) x 9.21 (h) x 0.69 (d)

Meet the Author

Hugh Borton taught at Columbia University and later served as President of Haverford College. He authored a number of seminal works on Japan, including Japan's Modern Century (1955).

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Table of Contents

Part 1 Foreword Chapter 2 Growing up a Quaker Part 3 In Japan with the American Friends Service Committee, 1928-1930 Chapter 4 First Impressions Chapter 5 The Growing Crisis Part 6 Preparing for a Career in Japanese Studies, 1931-38 Chapter 7 Graduate Study at Columbia, Harvard, and Leyden Chapter 8 Research and Apprehension: Tokyo, 1935-1936 Part 9 Teaching in a Time of Crisis, 1938-1942 Chapter 10 On the Columbia Faculty Chapter 11 The Demands of War Part 12 Wartime Service in Washington, 1942-1945 Chapter 13 Early Postwar Planning Chapter 14 Strenghtening the Peace Planning Structure Chapter 15 Defining Unconditional Surrender for Japan Chapter 16 Japan's Surrender Part 17 Making Policy for Postwar Japan and Korea, 1945-1947 Chapter 18 Problems of Occupation Chapter 19 Revising Japan's Constitution Chapter 20 Difficulties in Korea Chapter 21 Japan and Korea under Occupation Chapter 22 Barriers to Peace with Japan Part 23 Return to Columbia, 1948-1956 Chapter 24 Life at Hidden Springs Chapter 25 Japan Revisited, 1951-1952 Chapter 26 Japanese Studies at Columbia Part 27 Home to Haverford, 1957-1967 Chapter 28 The Challenges of a College President

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