Spartacus and the Slave Wars: A Brief History with Documents / Edition 1

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Overview

In this examination of the Roman institution of slavery, Brent Shaw presents a compelling selection of the ancient testimony relating to Spartacus and the slave wars. In 73 B.C., in the heart of Rome’s Mediterranean empire, a slave named Spartacus ignited one of the most violent episodes of slave resistance in the history of the Roman Empire — indeed in the world annals of slavery. Organizing 80 original Greek and Latin source translations into topical chapters on the daily life of slaves trained as gladiators and those who labored on farms in Italy and Sicily, Shaw includes accounts of revolts that preceded and anticipated that of Spartacus. In a carefully crafted introductory essay, Shaw places Spartacus in the broader context of first and second century B.C. Roman Italy and Sicily and explains why his story continues to be a popular symbol of rebellion today. The volume also includes a glossary, chronology, selected bibliography, 3 maps, an annotated list of ancient writers, and questions for consideration.

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Editorial Reviews

Journal of Military History
...a slim but useful volume which attempts to put the Spartacus slave rebellion into the larger context of slave resistance...
Journal of Military History
...a slim but useful volume which attempts to put the Spartacus slave rebellion into the larger context of slave resistance...
Booknews
In 73 BC, in the heart of Rome's Mediterranean empire, a slave named Spartacus ignited one of the most violent episodes of slave resistance in the history of the Roman Empire and the annals of slavery. Shaw (classical studies, U. of Pennsylvania) has collected and translated 82 original Greek and Latin sources into topical chapters on the daily life of slaves trained as gladiators and used as laborers on farms in Italy and Sicily. He includes biographical sketches of the authors, and maps that actually show the places he talks about--a feat beyond a surprising number of author/cartographer teams. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312183103
  • Publisher: Bedford/St. Martin's
  • Publication date: 1/28/2001
  • Series: Bedford Cultural Editions Series
  • Edition description: First Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 194
  • Sales rank: 251,637
  • Product dimensions: 6.20 (w) x 8.16 (h) x 0.34 (d)

Meet the Author

Brent D. Shaw is professor of Classical Studies and chair of the Graduate Group in Ancient History at the University of Pennsylvania. He has been published in many major historical, sociological, and anthropological journals, including Past & Present, American Historical Review, History Today, Journal of Roman Studies, Man, and American Journal of Sociology and is editor of the collected papers of Sir Moses Finley. He is the recipient of the Lindback Foundation Award for Distinguished Teaching at the University of Pennsylvania, and has been Commonwealth Scholar at Cambridge University, honorary visiting Fellow at Churchill College, Cambridge, and Goldman Fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. His study of violence in Roman society, especially in civil conflict in the later Roman Empire, helped inspire this volume.

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Table of Contents

Foreword
Preface
List of Maps and Illustrations

PART ONE

Introduction: The Roman Slave Wars and History
The Slave Wars in Italy and Sicily
Spartacus: the Man, the Myth, and the Modern Symbol of Rebellion
Reading Greek and Roman History Sources
A Note about the Text

PART TWO

The Documents

1. Slave Life on the Large Farms: Work, Organization, and Surveillance

1. Columella, Agricultural Slaves, and the Slave Barracks, First Century A.D.
2. Varro, Slave Ranches: Master Herdsmen and Slave Shepherds, First Century B.C.
3. Cato the Elder, The Vilicus: The Slave Farm Manager and His Duties, Second Century B.C.
4. Columella, How to Choose a Vilicus, First Century A.D.

2. Gladiators, Slaves, and Resistance

5. Graffiti on Pompeii's Walls: Gladiators and Gladiatorial Games, First Century A.D.
6. Sallust, Gladiators as Dangerous Men: The Crisis of 63 B.C.
7. Cicero, Gladiators as Dangerous Men: The Crisis of 49 B.C.
8. Julius Caesar, Gladiators as Dangerous Men: The Crisis of 49 B.C.
9. Cassius Dio, Gladiators as Dangerous Men: The Crisis of 44 B.C.
10. Tacitus, Gladiators as Participants in War and Rebellion, Second Century A.D.
11. Seneca, Individual Gladiators Resist Their Fate, First Century A.D.
12. Symmachus, Twenty-nine Gladiators Kill Themselves, A.D. 393

3. Fugitive Slaves and Maroon Communities

Roman Laws on Runaway Slaves

13. Ulpian, The Legal Definition of a Fugitive Slave, Third Century A.D.
14. Ulpian, The Law concerning Fugitive Slaves, Third Century A.D.

Fugitive Slave Posters
15. A Census Declaration Including Notices on Runaway Slaves, Tebtunis,
Egypt
, A.D. 189
16. A Declaration concerning a Runaway Slave, Egypt, August 13, 156 B.C.
17. An Official Notice of a Runaway Slave, Egypt, A.D. 151
18. Posters for Runaway Slaves, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, Third Century A.D. (?)
19. An Official Notice of a Runaway Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, A.D. 128
20. A Legal Notice concerning a Runaway Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, ca. A.D. 250–270
21. Delegation of Authority to Arrest a Runaway Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt, A.D. 298
22. Authorization for the Arrest of a Fugitive Slave, Oxyrhynchus, Egypt,
Fourth Century A.D.
23. A Roman Praetor in Sicily Hunts Down Runaway Slaves, 131-130 B.C.

Maroon Communities
24. Cicero, Free Communities in Cicilia Harbor Runaway Slaves, 51-50 B.C.
25. Athenaenus, Drimakos: The Fugitive Slave Bandit King, Second Century A.D.
26. Cassius Dio, Bulla Felix: The Bandit King, Third Century A.D.

4. Slave Revolts in Italy and Sicily before the Great Slave Wars

27. Livy, Slave Rebellions at Setia and Praeneste in 198 B.C., First Century B.C.
28. Livy, A Slave Rebellion in Etruria Is Suppressed in 196 B.C., First Century B.C.

29. Livy, Actions of Roman Praetors in Bruttium and Apulia in 190 B.C., First Century B.C.

30. Livy, Roman Praetors in Bruttium and Apulia in 189 B.C., First Century B.C.

31. Livy, Roman Praetors in Bruttium and Apulia in 188 B.C., First Century B.C.

32. Livy, The Bacchanalian Conspiracy at Rome in 186 B.C., First Century B.C.

33. Measures Decreed by the Roman Senate concerning the
Bacchanals
, 186 B.C.
34. Livy, A Slave Uprising in Apulia in 185 B.C., First Century B.C.

35. Livy, The Repression of Slave Shepherds and the Bacchanals in Southern Italy in 184 B.C., First Century B.C.

36. Livy, The Continued Repression of Slave Shepherds and the Bacchanals in Southern Italy in182 B.C., First Century B.C.

5. The First Sicilian Slave War, 135–132 B.C.

37. Diodorus Siculus, The First Slave War on the Island of Sicily: First Version, First Century B.C.
38. Diodorus Siculus, The First Slave War on the Island of Sicily: Second Version, First Century B.C.
39. Livy, A Brief Summary of the Main Events of 136–129 B.C., First Century B.C.
40. Julius Obsequens, The Slave War in Sicily and Contemporary Slave
Rebellions in Italy in 134–132 B.C.
, Fifth Century A.D.
41. Orosius, The Slave War in Sicily and Contemporary Slave Rebellions in
Italy and Greece
, Fifth Century A.D. 96
42. Posidonius, The Cause of the Slave War, First Century B.C.
43. Appian, The Tribune of the Plebs on the Dangers Posed by the
Slave War in Sicily
, Second Century A.D.
44. Cicero, The Behavior of the Rebel Slaves at Enna, First Century B.C.
45. Strabo, The Devastation of Sicily, First Century A.D.
46. Florus, The Extent of Devastation on Sicily Caused by the Slaves, Second Century A.D.
47. Valerius Maximus, Stories of Bravery and Cowardice of Romans and Slaves in the War, First Century A.D.

48. Slingshot Ammunition Used by Roman Soldiers,

133 B.C.

6. The Second Sicilian Slave War, 104–100 B.C.

49. Diodorus Siculus, Events that Portended the Second Great Slave War: The Rebellion of Titus Vettius, First Century B.C.
50. Diodorus Siculus, The Second Slave War on the Island of Sicily: First
Version,
First Century B.C.
51. Diodorus Siculus, The Second Slave War on the Island of Sicily: Second
Version
, First Century B.C.
52. Athenaeus, The Second Slave War on the Island of Sicily and the
Contemporary Slave Rebellion at Athens
, Second Century A.D.
53. Cassius Dio, The Actions of the Roman Governor of Sicily, Publius
Licinius Nerva, in 104 B.C.
, Third Century A.D.
54. Florus, Athenion as Leader of the Second Slave War, Second Century A.D.
55. Cassius Dio, Athenion's Attack on the City of Messana, Third Century A.D.
56. Cicero, Athenion as a Model of Evil Power, First Century B.C.
57. Cicero, The Destruction of Sicily Caused by the Slaves, First Century B.C.
58. Cicero, Aquillius Is Compelled to Dispense Aid to Sicilian Cities, First Century B.C.
59. Cicero, The Romans Reward Aquillius for Ending the Slave War, First Century B.C.
60. Cicero, Roman Governors of Sicily Take Measures to Prevent Recurrence of Slave Uprisings, First Century B.C.

61. Slingshot Ammunition Used by the Slaves and Greek Allies of the Romans, ca. 104-100 B.C.

7. The Spartacus Slave War, 73-71 B.C.

62. Plutarch, The Spartacus Slave War, Second Century A.D.
63. Plutarch, Pompey the Great's Involvement in the Repression of Spartacus, Second Century A.D.
64. Plutarch, Marcus Crassus and the Final Defeat of Spartacus, Second Century A.D.
65. Plutarch, Cato the Younger in the Spartacus War, Second Century A.D.
66. Appian, The Spartacus Slave War, Second Century A.D.
67. Appian, King Mithradates of Pontus and Spartacus, Second Century A.D.
68. Sallust, The Spartacus War, First Century B.C.
69. Livy, A Brief Account of the Beginning of the War in 73 B.C., First Century B.C.
70. Livy, A Brief Account of the Events of 73-72 B.C., First Century B.C.
71. Livy, A Brief Account of the End of the War in 71 B.C., First Century B.C.
72. Orosius, An Account of the Opening and Closing Phases of the War, Fifth Century A.D.
73. Velleius Paterculus, A Brief Synopsis of the Spartacus War, First Century A.D.
74. Florus, A Detailed Synopsis of the Spartacus War, Second Century A.D.
75. Athenaeus, A Brief Synopsis of the Spartacus War, Second Century A.D.
76. Varro, Spartacus Becomes a Gladiator, First Century B.C.
77. Diodorus Siculus, Spartacus as a Good Man, First Century B.C.
78. Frontius, Strategems Used by Spartacus against the Romans, First Century A.D.
79. Cicero, Roman Governor Verres Faces the Threat Posed by Spartacus, First Century B.C.
80. Cicero, Verres Represses Slave Conspiracies on Sicily, First Century B.C.
81. Aulus Gellius, Marcus Crassus Celebrates His Victory over Spartacus, Second Century A.D.
82. Suetonius, Operations against Remnant Rebel Slaves of the Spartacus War
in Southern Italy in the Late 60s B.C.
, Second Century A.D.

APPENDIXES
List of the Principal Authors and Literary Sources
Glossary of Greek and Latin Terms
A Chronology of the Slave Wars (198–60 B.C.)
Questions for Consideration
Selected Bibliography

Index

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