Speciation / Edition 1

Speciation / Edition 1

5.0 1
by Jerry A. Coyne, H. Allen Orr
     
 

ISBN-10: 0878930892

ISBN-13: 9780878930890

Pub. Date: 05/28/2004

Publisher: Sinauer Associates, Incorporated

The origin of species has spawned much interest and much literature in evolutionary biology over the past two decades, but no book-length account of the new findings and theories. Coyne (U. of Chicago) and Orr (U. of Rochester) set out to fill that gap. They see the current wave of research as a third phase—after Darwin and his immediate successors' notion of

Overview

The origin of species has spawned much interest and much literature in evolutionary biology over the past two decades, but no book-length account of the new findings and theories. Coyne (U. of Chicago) and Orr (U. of Rochester) set out to fill that gap. They see the current wave of research as a third phase—after Darwin and his immediate successors' notion of gradual speciation due to ecological isolation or other factors, and the later emphasis on sudden speciation due to mutation. They begin with the reality and concepts of species and the methods of studying speciation. Then they describe the many varieties of speciation and isolation, reinforcement, selection versus drift, and macroevolution. The volume is of exceptionally high quality. Annotation © 2004 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780878930890
Publisher:
Sinauer Associates, Incorporated
Publication date:
05/28/2004
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
545
Sales rank:
1,003,509
Product dimensions:
6.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Introduction1
1Species: Reality and Concepts9
The Reality of Species10
Sexually reproducing eukaryotic taxa12
Groups with little or no sexual reproduction17
Conclusions25
Species Concepts25
The biological species concept (BSC)26
Advantages of the BSC38
Problems with the BSC39
Other species concepts48
Why Are There Species?48
2Studying Speciation55
The Problem of Speciation57
Identifying and Measuring Reproductive Isolation61
Absolute strength of isolating barriers62
Relative strength of isolating barriers63
Prezygotic versus postzygotic isolation65
Which isolating barriers caused speciation?69
Comparative Studies of Isolating Barriers72
How fast does reproductive isolation appear?72
Which traits promote the evolution of reproductive isolation?81
3Allopatric and Parapatric Speciation83
Allopatric Speciation85
Vicariant speciation86
Peripatric speciation105
Parapatric Speciation111
Theory112
Experimental evidence117
Evidence from nature118
Conclusions123
4Sympatric Speciation125
Theory127
Disruptive sexual selection128
Disruptive natural selection130
Conclusions136
Experimental Evidence138
Evidence from Nature141
Evidence from habitat "islands"143
Evidence from host races and host-specific species157
Allochronic (temporal) isolation in sympatry166
Comparative studies of the biogeography of speciation168
Conclusions175
5Ecological Isolation179
Habitat Isolation182
Detecting and measuring habitat isolation184
The problem of allopatry185
Examples of habitat isolation186
Relative importance of habitat isolation188
The evolution of habitat isolation188
The genetics of habitat isolation191
Pollinator (Floral) Isolation193
Detecting and measuring pollinator isolation194
Examples of pollinator isolation195
Relative importance of pollinator isolation197
The evolution of pollinator isolation198
The genetics of pollinator isolation201
Temporal (Allochronic) Isolation202
Detecting and measuring temporal isolation203
Examples of temporal isolation204
Relative importance of temporal isolation205
The evolution of temporal isolation206
The genetics of temporal isolation210
Conclusions210
6Behavioral and Nonecological Isolation211
Mating System "Isolation"211
Behavioral Isolation213
Detecting and measuring behavioral isolation213
Examples of behavioral isolation214
Relative importance of behavioral isolation215
The evolution of behavioral isolation216
The genetics of behavioral isolation223
Mechanical Isolation227
Examples of mechanical isolation228
Relative importance of mechanical isolation229
The evolution of mechanical isolation230
The genetics of mechanical isolation231
Gametic (Postmating, Prezygotic) Isolation232
Examples of gametic isolation233
Relative importance of gametic isolation238
The evolution of gametic isolation241
Conclusions245
7Postzygotic Isolation247
Extrinsic Postzygotic Isolation249
Intrinsic Postzygotic Isolation253
The Frequency of Various Forms of Postzygotic Isolation255
The Evolution of Extrinsic versus Intrinsic Postzygotic Isolation255
Genetic Modes of Intrinsic Postzygotic Isolation256
Chromosomal speciation: theory256
Chromosomal speciation: data259
Genic incompatibilities267
The evolution of genic incompatibilities: the Dobzhansky-Muller model269
Mathematical models of genic speciation272
Wolbachia and cytoplasmic incompatibility276
Conclusions280
8The Genetics of Postzygotic Isolation283
Haldane's Rule284
The phenomenon284
The causes of Haldane's rule286
Conclusions298
The Genetic Basis of Postzygotic Isolation299
How many genes cause postzygotic isolation?299
Complexity of hybrid incompatibilities307
Probability of hybrid incompatibilities308
Where are the genes causing postzygotic isolation?308
Developmental basis of postzygotic isolation309
Are duplicate genes important?312
Which genes cause postzygotic isolation?313
9Polyploidy and Hybrid Speciation321
Polyploidy321
Classification322
Pathways to polyploidy324
Incidence326
Frequency of auto- versus allopolyploidy328
Ecology and persistence330
Why is polyploidy rarer in animals than in plants?333
Recombinational Speciation337
What is recombinational speciation?337
Theory338
The data: frequency and artificial hybrids342
The data: natural recombinational speciation344
The data meet the theory350
10Reinforcement353
The Data354
Selection experiments355
Evidence from nature: case studies357
Evidence from nature: comparative studies362
Reinforcement of postzygotic isolation365
The Theory366
Early enthusiasm366
Objections to reinforcement369
The revival of reinforcement372
Alternative Explanations375
Publication bias375
Differential fusion376
Direct ecological effects377
Ecological character displacement377
Runaway sexual selection378
Sympatric speciation378
Distinguishing the Alternatives379
11Selection versus Drift383
Speciation by Selection383
Natural selection385
Sexual selection386
Mathematical theories of selection-based speciation387
Speciation by Drift387
Peak shift models388
Theoretical Criticisms394
Recent Peak Shift Models396
The Data398
Evidence from the laboratory398
Evidence from nature401
Conclusions410
12Speciation and Macroevolution411
Rates of Speciation411
What is a speciation rate?412
Theory and speciation rates413
Calculating speciation intervals416
Extreme rates of speciation425
What is the effect of biogeography?427
Conclusions428
Factors Affecting Speciation Rates429
Tests for the effects of key factors431
Distinguishing speciation from extinction435
The data436
Conclusions441
Species Selection442
AppendixA Catalogue and Critique of Species Concepts447
Genotypic Cluster Species Concept447
Recognition Species Concept451
Cohesion Species Concept452
Evolutionary Species Concept456
Ecological Species Concept457
Phylogenetic Species Concepts459
References473
Author Index523
Subject Index533

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Speciation 5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 1 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
This is a very well writen book. It reads well and the material is presented that any grad student(like myself) or advanced undergrad can understand. Theories of speciation are well laid out and discussed in-debth. Good for any proffesional book collection.