Species Diversity in Ecological Communities: Historical and Geographical Perspectives / Edition 2

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A pioneering work, Species Diversity in Ecological Communities looks at biodiversity in its broadest geographical and historical contexts. For many decades, ecologists have studied only small areas over short time spans in the belief that diversity is regulated by local ecological interactions. However, to understand fully how communities come to have the diversity they do, and to properly address urgent conservation problems, scientists must consider global patterns of species richness and the historical events that shape both regional and local communities. The authors use new theoretical developments, analyses, and case studies to explore the large-scale mechanisms that generate and maintain diversity. Case studies of various regions and organisms consider how local and regional processes interact to determine patterns of species richness. The contributors emphasize the fact that ecological processes acting quickly on a local scale do not erase the effects of regional and historical events that occur more slowly and less frequently. This book compels scientists to rethink the foundations of community ecology and sets the stage for further research using comparative, experimental, geographical, and historical data.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780226718231
  • Publisher: University of Chicago Press
  • Publication date: 2/28/1994
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 414
  • Product dimensions: 8.18 (w) x 11.14 (h) x 0.98 (d)

Table of Contents

1 Species Diversity: An Introduction to the Problem 1
2 The Maintenance of Species Richness in Plant Communities 13
3 Environment and Trophodiversity 26
4 Structure of Intertidal Assemblages in Different Locations: How Can Local Processes Be Compared? 39
5 How are Diversity and Productivity Related? 52
6 Energy Supply and Patterns of Species Richness on Local and Regional Scales 66
7 Ecology at the Mesoscale: The Influence of Regional Processes on Local Communities 77
8 Species Interactions in Space 89
9 Local and Regional Regulation of Species-Area Relations: A Patch-Occupancy Model 99
10 Three Explanations of the Positive Relationship between Distribution and Abundance of Species 108
11 Experimental Biogeography: Interactions between Stochastic, Historical, and Ecological Processes in a Model Archipelago 117
12 Space, Time, and Man as Determinants of Diversity of Birds and Mammals in the Mediterranean Region 135
13 Bird Diversity Components within and between Habitats in Australia 147
14 Determinants of Diversity in Animal Communities of Arid Australia 159
15 Biodiversity in Australia Compared with Other Continents 170
16 Patterns of Diversity for the Insect Herbivores on Bracken 178
17 Community Richness in Parasites of Some Freshwater Fishes from North America 185
18 Evidence for the Influence of Historical Processes in Co-occurrence and Diversity of Tiger Beetle Species 194
19 Pelagic Diversity Patterns 203
20 Global Patterns of Diversity in Mangrove Floras 215
21 Convergence and the Regional Component of Species Diversity 230
22 Unsaturated Patterns in Species Assemblages: The Role of Regional Processes in Setting Local Species Richness 243
23 Phylogenetic Determinants of Insect/Plant Community Diversity 253
24 Historical Ecology: Examining Phylogenetic Components of Community Evolution 267
25 Phylogenetic Patterns, Biogeography, and the Ecological Structure of Neotropical Snake Assemblages 281
26 Continental Comparisons of Temperate-Zone Tree Species Diversity 294
27 The Phanerozoic Evolution of Reef Diversity 315
28 Historical Diversity Patterns in North American Large Herbivores and Carnivores 330
29 Fossil Communities: Compositional Variation at Many Time Scales 341
30 Species Diversity: Regional and Historical Influences 350
References 365
List of Contributors 405
Index 409
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