A selection of 62 reviewed papers on speech production as it relates to the other subjects. Combining theoretical and experimental studies, they explore models in speech production, methods and measurements in pathological speech, brain research, developmental aspects of speech production and fluency disorders, and other broad areas. The themes of speech motor control in stuttering and the assessment and developmental aspects of speech production in pathological speech have been carried over from earlier Nijmegen conferences. The collection is designed to be an authoritative text on the basic science of motor control in speech production, an introduction to the various new brain imaging techniques and how they are and can be used to study speech production, and a detailed account of the current studies. No subject index. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
List of contributors. Preface. Speech production: Motor control, brain research and fluency disorders. An introduction (W. Hulstijn, P.H.H.M. van Lieshout, F.M. Peters). Models in Speech Production. Speech motor models and developments in neurophysiological science: New perspectives (R.D. Kent). A neuromotor perspective on speech production (V.L. Gracco). The gestural phonology model (C.P. Browman, L. Goldstein). Word form generation in language production (A.S. Meyer). Stuttering and misguided learning of articulation and phonation, or why it is extremely difficult to measure the physical properties of limbs (K.Th. Kalveram, U. Natke). Functional components of the motor system: An approach to understanding the mechanisms of speech disfluency (M.D. McClean). Principles of human brain organization related to lateralization of language and speech motor functions in normal speakers and stutterers (W.G. Webster). Motor Control in Speech Production and Fluency Disorders. Dynamic interactions of factors that impact speech motor stability in children and adults (A. Smith). Spatial and temporal variability in obstruent gestural specification by stutterers and controls: Comparisons across sessions (P.J. Alfonso, P.H.H.M. van Lieshout). Higher and lower order influences on the stability of the dynamic coupling between articulators (P.H.H.M. van Lieshout, W. Hulstijn, P.J. Alfonso, H.F.M. Peters). Stuttering and articulator sequencing: Intrinsic and extrinsic timing perspectives (D. Ward). Analysis of lips and jaw multi-peaked velocity curve profiles in fluent speech by stutterers and nonstutterers (C. Zmarich, E.M. Caldognetto). Gesture mirrors speech motor control instutterers (R.I. Mayberry, R.C. Shenker). Mechanical perturbation of the jaw during speech in stutterers and nonstutterers (A. Bauer, L. Jäncke, K.-T. Kalveram). Is stuttering caused by failing neuromuscular force control? (M. Grosjean et al.). A comparison of normals' and aphasics' ability to plan respiratory activity in overt and covert speech (P. Hoole, W. Ziegler). Applications of motor learning theory to stuttering research (A.J. Caruso, L. Max). Speech production learning in adults with chronic developmental stuttering (C.L. Ludlow, K. Siren, M. Zikria). Brain Research in Speech Production and Fluency Disorders. Noninvasive brain imaging in speech motor control and stuttering: choices and challenges (J.L. Lauter). Multi-perspective approaches to the cortical representation of speech perception and production: Electrical cortical stimulation and electrical cortical recording (B. Gordon et al.). PET research in language production (P. Indefrey). A typical lateralization of hemispherical activity in developmental stuttering: An H215O positron emission tomography study (A.R. Braun et al.). An H2O15 positron emission tomography (PET) study on adults who stutter: Findings and implications (R.J. Ingham, P.T. Fox, J.C. Ingham). A positron emission tomography investigation of post-treatment brain activation in stutterers (R.M. Kroll at al.). PET scan evidence of parallel cerebral systems related to treatment effects (G. Riley, J.C. Wu, G. Maguire). PET scan evidence of parallel cerebral systems related to treatment effects: FDG and FDOPA pet scan findings (J.C. Wu et al.). Neurophysiologic and behavioral evidence for a fluency-generating system (B.C. Watson, F.J. Freeman). The electrophysiology of speaking: Possibilities of event-related potential research on speech production (P. Hagoort, M. van Turennout). Event-related cortical potentials preceding phonation in stutterers and normal speakers: A preliminary report (L.F. Molt). A double-blind trial of pimozide and paroxetine for stuttering (S. Stager et al.). PET scan evidence of parallel cerbral systems related to treatment effects: effects of risperidone in the treatment of stuttering (G.A. Maguire et al.). Methods and Measurements in Pathological Speech. The concept of subperceptual stuttering: Analysis and investigation (A.K. Cordes, R.J. Ingham). Automatic stuttering frequency counts (P. Howell et al.). The measurement of physiologic and acoustic correlates of voice onset abruptness (K. Bakker, R. Ingham, R. Netsell). On-off voicing adjustments in stutterers and normal speakers (G. Wieneke, P. Janssen). Stuttering: Where and whys of terminations of attempts during part-word repetitions (N.S. Viswanath, D.B. Rosenfield). The electroglottographic signal as a device for stuttering evaluation (U. Natke, K.Th, Kalverham, L. Jäncke). Simultaneous analysis of lip, jaw and tongue movements with an integrated optical tracking and EPG system (E.M. Caldognetto et al.). Verbal delayed reactions. A study of prefrontal functional impairments in neuropsychiatric patients (P. Pinelli). Functionality indexes for the evaluation of speech production: A study in normal subjects (R. Colombo et al.). Chronometry of the brain processes during speech production: A quantitative test to monitor exposition to neurotoxic solvents (G. Spinatonda et al.). En route to a speech motor test: A first halt (P.H.H.M.van Lieshout et al.). Linguistic stress and the rhythm effect in stuttering (A. Packman, M. Onslow, J. van Doorn). Prosodic disturbances in stuttering adults (L. Jäncke, A. Bauer, K.-T. Kalveram). Instructing stutterers to sing: Effect on stuttering frequency at two speaking rates (H. Glover et al). On the mechanisms of speech monitoring (A. Postma). Mental effort and speech fluency (H.-G. Bosshardt). The effects of formal and casual interview styles on stuttering incidence (P. Howell, A. Kapoor, L. Rustin). Evaluating speech quality before and after stuttering therapy (M.-C. Franken, R.van Bezooijen, L. Boves). Developmental Aspects of Speech Production and Fluency disorders. Neuronal group selection and emergent orofacial motor control: Towards a unifying theory of speech development (S.M. Barlow). Speaking rate and speech motor control: Theoretical consideration and emperical data (K. Hall, E.Yairi). Determinants of speech rate and fluency in fast and slow speaking normally fluent children (F.R. Boutsen, S.B. Hood). Improving assessment of children's oral motor development in clinical settings (J.S. Yaruss). Clock and motor variances in lip-tracking: A comparison between children who stutter and those who do not (P. Howell, J. Au-Yeung, L. Rustin). Visuomotor tracking in children who stutter: A preliminary view (P.M. Zebrowski, J.B. Moon, D.A. Robin). Linguistic behaviours at the onset of stuttering (N.B. Ratner). Cognitive and linguistic abilities of stuttering children (A. Häge et al.). Linguistic aspects of stuttering in childhood (D. Rommel et al.). Quantitative assessment of dysarthria and developmental apraxia of speech (B. Maassen, G. Thoonen, I. Boers). Clinical application of speech science instrumentation in the determination of treatment priorities in acquired and congenital childhood dysarthria (B.E. Murdoch et al.). Index of authors.