The Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Diversity in American Indian Culture / Edition 1

The Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Diversity in American Indian Culture / Edition 1

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by Walter Williams
     
 

Winner of the: Gay Book of the Year Award, American Library Association; Ruth Benedict Award, Society of Lesbian and Gay Anthropologists; Award for Outstanding Scholarship, World Congress for Sexology

Author’s note: Shortly after the second revised edition this book was published in 1992, the term "Two-Spirit Person" became more popular among native

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Overview

Winner of the: Gay Book of the Year Award, American Library Association; Ruth Benedict Award, Society of Lesbian and Gay Anthropologists; Award for Outstanding Scholarship, World Congress for Sexology

Author’s note: Shortly after the second revised edition this book was published in 1992, the term "Two-Spirit Person" became more popular among native people than the older anthropological term "berdache." When I learned of this new term, I began strongly supporting the use of this newer term. I believe that people should be able to call themselves whatever they wish, and scholars should respect and acknowledge their change of terminology. I went on record early on in convincing other anthropologists to shift away from use of the word berdache and in favor of using Two-Spirit. Nevertheless, because this book continues to be sold with the use of berdache, many people have assumed that I am resisting the newer term. Nothing could be further from the truth. Unless continued sales of this book will justify the publication of a third revised edition in the future, it is not possible to rewrite what is already printed, Therefore, I urge readers of this book, as well as activists who are working to gain more respect for gender variance, mentally to substitute the term "Two-Spirit" in the place of "berdache" when reading this text. — Walter L. Williams, Los Angeles, 2006

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780807046159
Publisher:
Beacon
Publication date:
04/28/1992
Edition description:
Reissue
Pages:
368
Sales rank:
831,189
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.75(d)

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
Introduction1
Pt. IThe Character of the Berdache
1Of Religions and Dreams: The Spiritual Basis of the Berdache Tradition17
2Sacred People: Berdache Mystical Power and Ceremonial Roles31
3Family Matters: The Economic and Social Position of the Berdache44
4Men, Women, and Others: The Gender Role of the Berdache65
5The Spirit and the Flesh: Sexual Aspects of the Berdache Tradition87
6A Normal Man: The Berdache's Husband and the Question of Sexual Variance110
Pt. IIChanges in the Berdache Tradition Since the Coming of the Europeans
7The Abominable Sin: The Spanish Campaign Against "Sodomy," and Its Results in Modern Latin America131
8Seafarers, Cowboys, and Indians: Male Marriage in Fringe Societies on the Anglo-American Frontier152
9Of Bibles and Bureaus: Indian Acculturation and Decline of the Berdache Tradition175
10Survival and Pride: The Berdache Tradition and Gay American Indians Today201
Pt. IIIToward a Theoretical Understanding of Gender and Sexual Variance
11Amazons of America: Female Gender Variance233
12Social Constructions/Essential Characters: A Cross-Cultural Viewpoint252
Notes277
Bibliography317
Index335
Illustrations

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